, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 557–563 | Cite as

Tritium content of some components of the middle Yenisei ecosystem

  • L. G. BondarevaEmail author


The potential sources of tritium in the Yenisei River ecosystem are global pollution of the environment and the functioning of the Mining and Chemical Combine (MCC), Rosatom State Corporation. The background tritium content of zoobenthos, bottom sediments, some commercial fish species, and the most widely occurring aquatic plant species was determined for the first time. The MCC functioning affected the tritium content in the nearest impact zone, and significant excess of the tritium content of aquatic plants over the background level was revealed.


tritium Yenisei River ecosystem 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Environmental Isotope Data: World Survey of Isotope Concentration in Precipitation, Vienna: IAEA, 1979.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Katrich, I.Yu., Tritium monitoring in natural waters of the USSR (Russia), Doctoral (Geogr.) Dissertation, Moscow, 2009.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    UNSCEAR Document A/AC.82/R.360: Contamination from Nuclear Explosions, UNSCEAR, March 1979.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Radiation: Doses, Effect, Risks, UNEP, 1985.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sources, Effects, and Risks of Ionizing Radiation: United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation 1988 Report to the General Assembly, with Annexes, New York: UN, 1988.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The Tritium Systems Test Assembly at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Security, Benefits LANL, NNSA & National Security, DOE, 2002. 36 p.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Report and Advice on the Ontario Drinking Water Quality Standard for Tritium, Toronto: Ontario Drinking Water Advisory Council, 2009. 67 p.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Weinberg, A.M., Phys. Today, 1981, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 48–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chebotina, M.Ya. and Nikolin, O.A., Radioekologicheskie issledovaniya tritiya v ural’skom regione (Radioecological Studies of Tritium in the Ural Region), Yekaterinburg: Ural’skoe Otdel. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2005.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bondareva, L., Fusion Sci. Technol., 2011, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 1304–1307.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bolsunovsky, A.Ya. and Bondareva, L.G., J. Environ. Radioact., 2003, vol. 66, pp. 285–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bolsunovskii, A.Ya. and Bondareva, L.G., Ekologiya, 2005. no. 1, pp. 59–63.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tritium Measurement Techniques: Report no. 47 of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, USA: NCRP, 1976.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tolhurst, T.J., Reithmüller, R., and Paterson, D.M., Contin. Shelf Res., 2000, vol. 20, pp. 1317–1334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bondareva, L.G. and Pomozova, N.V., Zh. Sib. Fed. Univ., Khim., 2009, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 56–60.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Osnovy radiokhimii i radioekologii. Prakticheskie raboty (Principles of Radiochemistry and Radioecology. Practical Works), Afanasov, M.I., Ed., Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 2012.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nosov, A.V. et al., At. Energy, 2001, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 91–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ivanitskaya, M.V. and Malofeeva, A.I., Sources of tritium ingress into the environment, Tritii–eto opasno (Tritium: It Is Dangerous), Chelyabinsk, 2001. pp. 22–29.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Makhon’ko, K., Kim, V., Kozlova, E., et al., Byull. At. Energ., 2001. no. 10, pp. 26–43.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bondareva, L.G., Radiochemistry, 2012, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 98–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bondareva, L., Zeer, G., Gerasimov, V., and Zhizaev, A., River Syst., 2012. vol. 20, nos. 3–4, pp. 149–156.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zuev, I.V., Semenova, E.M., Shulepina, S.P., et al., J. Sib. Fed. Univ., Biol., 2011. no. 4, pp. 281–292.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Garston, A.L., Adv. Radiat. Biol., 1979. vol. 8, p. 419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Boyer, C., Vichot, L., Fromm, M., et al., Environ. Exp. Bot., 2009, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 34–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    McCubbin, D., Leonard, K.S., Bailey, T.A., et al., Marine Pollut. Bull., 2001, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 852–863.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yankovich, T.L., Kim, S.B., Baumgärtner, F., et al., J. Environ. Radioact., 2011, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 26–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Siberian Federal UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia

Personalised recommendations