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Rectangular Hyperbola Method for the Estimation of Soil Near Surface Hydraulic Conductivity Based on Short Term Infiltration Measurements

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Abstract

Disc infiltrometer can be used to characterize near saturated, soil near surface hydraulic conductivity, which is mandatory for hydrological modelling of runoff, irrigation management and artificial recharge. The hydraulic conductivity determination from the disc infiltrometer measurements requires soil-specific water retention characteristic parameters. This study proposed an alternate procedure for determining near surface near saturated soil hydraulic conductivity (K) and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) for 14 soils comprising 4 different soil textures in the field. The study demonstrated the usefulness of rectangular hyperbola method (RHM) for predicting long-term final infiltration rate (if) from 50 min short-term mini disc infiltrometer (MDI) measurements. The estimated if was utilized for determining K directly. For this purpose, a multiplication factor R was proposed for four USDA surface soil textures. In addition, an empirical relationship was proposed for determining Ks from if estimated by RHM. The advantage of the proposed empirical procedure is that if, K and Ks can be determined from 50 min short-term MDI measurements without the knowledge of soil specific water retention parameters. The proposed methodology can be used to determine K and Ks of other soil textures, vegetated and organic soils.

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Correspondence to Sreeja Pekkat.

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Some or all data, models, or code that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

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Ghosh, B., Naik, A.P. & Pekkat, S. Rectangular Hyperbola Method for the Estimation of Soil Near Surface Hydraulic Conductivity Based on Short Term Infiltration Measurements. Eurasian Soil Sc. 55, 1761–1769 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229322601202

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