The study of soil genesis and classification for land management, restoration and protection of soils in the mountainous basin of Darrezar copper mining company were done. With attention to the effects of the vertical zones on soil climate variability, the soil thermal and moisture regimes and soil classification in the area was established. The landforms based on topography and lithology parameters altitude, slope, aspect and depositions) were classified. Soil classifications were done using direct soil samples studies and geographic information system (GIS), showing temperature and moisture regimes. and Using GIS with digital elevation model (DEM) till mining and comparison to current soil map were simulated 6 soils subgroups in degraded lands. More than 70% of lost soils were in 3 subgroups, Lithic Torriorthents, Lithic Haploxerepts and Typic Haplocalcids. The vegetation types in these three soils were in two association types: Amygdaluse sp.–Pistacia sp.–Artemisia sp. and Amygdaluse sp.–Artemisia sp. The soil loss was estimated to about US$ 8 million. Also in Darrezar copper mine in average has destroyed about 27 ha land surface with minimum cost about US$ 2 million per year from 2008 until 2020.
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Amin, P., Akhavan-Ghalibaf, M. Assessment of Soils and Plants Loss as a Result of Darrezar Copper Mining in South-Eastern Iran. Eurasian Soil Sc. 54, 1608–1617 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229321100021
- soil genesis and classification
- mine degraded soils
- mountainous basin
- arid climate
- plant restoring