In situ characterization of the saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) requires a large number of experiments, sampling, and laboratory measurements that are time-consuming and expensive. Simplified Beerkan Infiltration (SBI) method was developed to estimate an approximate Ks based on the infiltration curve without any sampling procedures. For that purpose, α* parameter, which is used in the calculation of Ks, was commonly set to a fixed value based on soil texture. This approach was not sufficient for an accurate Ks estimation. For a relatively dry soil, a new approach involving an empirical structural parameter was proposed to calculate an approximation of the α* parameter based on the shape of the steady state asymptote of the Beerkan cumulative infiltration. The new α* parameter was tested on simplified Beerkan infiltration (SBI) method in over 32 Beerkan experiments selected from the Soil World Infiltration Global (SWIG) database. The steady state SBI (SSBI) method estimated Ks with an accuracy close to those estimated with the BEST (Beerkan Estimation Soil Transfer) method. The R2 correlation factor for the SSBI method in Ks estimation with BEST intercept and steady methods were 0.982 and 0.994, respectively. For the transient SBI method, the R2 correlation factors calculated with BEST methods were lower; 0.858 and 0.827, respectively. Therefore, the application of the new α* parameter to the steady state simplified Beerkan approach allows an easy, inexpensive way to estimate accurately Ks.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
S. Akbulut, “Artificial neural networks for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of coarse-grained soils,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 38, 392–398 (2005).
R. Angulo-Jaramillo, V. Bagarello, M. Iovino, and L. Lassabatere, Infiltration Measurements for Soil Hydraulic Characterization (Springer-Verlag, Cham, 2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31788-5
R. Angulo-Jaramillo, J. P. Vandervaere, S. Roulier, J. L. Thony, J. P. Gaudet, and M. Vauclin, “Field measurement of soil surface hydraulic properties by disc and ring infiltrometers: a review and recent developments,” Soil Tillage Res. 55 (1–2), 1–29 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(00)00098-2
V. Bagarello, M. Castellini, S. Di Prima, G. Giordano, and M. Iovino, “Testing a simplified approach to determine field saturated soil hydraulic conductivity,” Procedia Environ. Sci. 19, 599–608 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2013.06.068
V. Bagarello, S. Di Prima, and M. Iovino, “Comparing alternative algorithms to analyze the Beerkan infiltration experiment,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 78 (3), 724–736 (2014). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2013.06.0231
V. Bagarello, S. Di Prima, and M. Iovino, “Estimating saturated soil hydraulic conductivity by the near steady-state phase of a Beerkan infiltration test,” Geoderma 303, 70–77 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.04.030
V. Bagarello, S. Di Prima, M. Iovino, and G. Provenzano, “Estimating field-saturated soil hydraulic conductivity by a simplified Beerkan infiltration experiment,” Hydrol. Process. 28 (3), 1095–1103 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9649
I. Braud, D. De Condappa, J. M. Soria, R. Haverkamp, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, S. Galle, and M. Vauclin, “Use of scaled forms of the infiltration equation for the estimation of unsaturated soil hydraulic properties (the Beerkan method),” Eur. J. Soil Sci. 56 (3), 361–374 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2004.00660.x
R. H. Brooks and A. T. Corey, “Hydraulic properties of porous media and their relation to drainage design,” Trans. ASAE 7 (1), 26–28 (1964). https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.40684
N. Burdine, “Relative permeability calculations from pore size distribution data,” J. Petrol. Technol. 5 (3), 71–78 (1953). https://doi.org/10.2118/225-G
M. Castellini, M. Iovino, M. Pirastru, M. Niedda, and V. Bagarello, “Use of BEST procedure to assess soil physical quality in the Baratz Lake catchment (Sardinia, Italy),” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 80 (3), 742–755 (2016). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2015.11.0389
S. Di Prima, M. Castellini, M. R. A. Najm, R. D. Stewart, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, T. Winiarski, and L. Lassabatere, “Experimental assessment of a new comprehensive model for single ring infiltration data,” J. Hydrol. 573, 937–951 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.03.077
S. Di Prima, P. Concialdi, L. Lassabatere, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, M. Pirastru, A. Cerda, and S. Keesstra, “Laboratory testing of Beerkan infiltration experiments for assessing the role of soil sealing on water infiltration,” Catena 167, 373–384 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2018.05.013
S. Di Prima, L. Lassabatère, V. Bagarello, M. Iovino, and R. Angulo-Jaramillo, “Testing a new automated single ring infiltrometer for Beerkan infiltration experiments,” Geoderma 262, 20–34 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.08.006
J. Diaz-Sanz, S. Robert, and C. Keller, “Parameters influencing run-off on vegetated urban soils: a case study in Marseilles, France,” Geoderma 376, 114455 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2020.114455
E. Gonzalez-Sosa, I. Braud, J. Dehotin, L. Lassabatère, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, M. Lagouy, F. Branger, C. Jacqueminet, S. Kermadi, and K. Michel, “Impact of land use on the hydraulic properties of the topsoil in a small French catchment,” Hydrol. Process. 24 (17), 2382–2399 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.7640
R. Haverkamp, S. Debionne, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, and D. de Condappa, “Soil properties and moisture movement in the unsaturated zone,” in The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering, Ed. by J. H. Cushman and D. M. Tartakovsky (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2016), pp. 167–208. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315371801
R. Haverkamp, P. J. Ross, K. R. J. Smettem, and J. Y. Parlange, “Three-dimensional analysis of infiltration from the disc infiltrometer: 2. Physically based infiltration equation,” Water Resour. Res. 30 (11), 2931–2935 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1029/94WR01788
A. C. Hinnell, N. Lazarovitch, and A. W. Warrick, “Explicit infiltration function for boreholes under constant head conditions,” Water Resour. Res. 45 (10), (2009). https://doi.org/10.1029/2008WR007685
L. Lassabatere, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, D. Goutaland, L. Letellier, J. P. Gaudet, T. Winiarski, and C. Delolme, “Effect of the settlement of sediments on water infiltration in two urban infiltration basins,” Geoderma 156 (3–4), 316–325 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.02.031
L. Lassabatere, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, J. M. Soria-Ugalde, R. Cuenca, I. Braud, and R. Haverkamp, “Beerkan estimation of soil transfer parameters through infiltration experiments—BEST,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 70 (2), 521–532 (2006). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2005.0026
L. Lassabatere, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, J. M. Soria-Ugalde, J. Šimůnek, and R. Haverkamp, “Numerical evaluation of a set of analytical infiltration equations,” Water Resour. Res. 45 (12), (2009). https://doi.org/10.1029/2009WR007941
L. Lassabatere, S. Di Prima, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, S. Keesstra, and D. Salesa, “Beerkan multi-runs for characterizing water infiltration and spatial variability of soil hydraulic properties across scales,” Hydrol. Sci. J. 64 (2), 165–178, (2019). https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2018.1560448
N. Le Nouveau, H. Perrier, and E. Valla, “Ultra light cellular structures for rainwater storage: a new technical guideline in France,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Urban Drainage, August 31–September 5, 2008 (Edinburgh, 2008).
L. Lichner, P. D. Hallett, Z. Drongová, H. Czachor, L. Kovacik, J. Mataix-Solera, and M. Homolák, “Algae influence the hydrophysical parameters of a sandy soil,” Catena 108, 58–68 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2012.02.016
B. Minasny and A. B. McBratney, “Estimating the water retention shape parameter from sand and clay content,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 71 (4), 1105–1110 (2007). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2006.0298N
J. R. Philip, “The theory of infiltration: 4. Sorptivity and algebraic infiltration equations,” Soil Sci. 84 (3), 257–264 (1957). https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195709000-00010
M. Rahmati, L. Weihermüller, J. Vanderborght, Y. A. Pachepsky, L. Mao, S. H. Sadeghi, et al., “Development and analysis of the Soil Water Infiltration Global database,” Earth Syst. Sci. Data 10 (3), 1237–1263 (2018). https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1237-2018
T. B. Ramos, M. C. Goncalves, J. C. Martins, M. T. van Genuchten, and F. P. Pires, “Estimation of soil hydraulic properties from numerical inversion of tension disk infiltrometer data,” Vadose Zone J. 5 (2), 684–696 (2006). https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2005.0076
W. D. Reynolds, “Measuring soil hydraulic properties using a cased borehole permeameter: steady flow analyses,” Vadose Zone J. 9, 637–652 (2010). https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2009.0136
W. D. Reynolds and D. E. Elrick, “Ponded infiltration from a single ring: I. Analysis of steady flow,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 54 (5), 1233–1241 (1990). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400050006x
W. D. Reynolds and D. E. Elrick, “Measurement and characterization of soil hydraulic properties,” in Soil-Water-Solute Process Characterization: An Integrated Approach, Ed. by J. Álvarez-Benedí and R. Muñoz-Carpena (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2005), Ch. 6, pp. 197–252. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479705283060
P. Shwetha and K. Prasanna, “Pedotransfer functions for the estimation of saturated hydraulic conductivity for some Indian sandy soils,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 51, 1042–1049 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229318090119
J. Šimůnek, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, M. G. Schaap, J. P. Vandervaere and M. T. van Genuchten, “Using an inverse method to estimate the hydraulic properties of crusted soils from tension-disc infiltrometer data,” Geoderma 86, 61–81 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(98)00035-4
J. Šimůnek, M. T. van Genuchten, and M. Sejna, “Development and applications of the HYDRUS and STANMOD software packages and related codes,” Vadose Zone J. 7, 587–600 (2008). https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2007.0077
K. R. J. Smettem, J. Y. Parlange, P. J. Ross, and R. Haverkamp, “Three-dimensional analysis of infiltration from the disc infiltrometer: 1. A capillary-based theory,” Water Resour. Res. 30 (11), 2925–2929 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1029/94WR01787
R. D. Stewart and M. R. Abou Najm, “A comprehensive model for single ring infiltration I: Initial water content and soil hydraulic properties,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 82 (3), 548–557 (2018).https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2017.09.0313
R. D. Stewart and M. R. Abou Najm, “A comprehensive model for single ring infiltration, II: estimating field-saturated hydraulic conductivity,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 82 (3), 558–567 (2018). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2017.09.0314
M. T. van Genuchten, “A closed-form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 44 (5), 892–898 (1980). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400050002x
I. White and M. J. Sully, “Macroscopic and microscopic capillary length and time scales from field infiltration,” Water Resour. Res. 23 (8), 1514–1522 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1029/WR023i008p01514
L. Wu, L. Pan, J. Mitchell, and B. Sanden, “Measuring saturated hydraulic conductivity using a generalized solution for single-ring infiltrometers,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 63 (4), 788–792 (1999). https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1999.634788x
X. Xu, C. Lewis, W. Liu, J. D. Albertson, and G. Kiely, “Analysis of single-ring infiltrometer data for soil hydraulic properties estimation: comparison of BEST and Wu methods,” Agric. Water Manage. 107, 34–41 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2012.01.004
D. Yilmaz, S. Bouarafa, P. E. Peyneau, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, and L. Lassabatere, “Assessment of hydraulic properties of technosols using Beerkan and multiple tension disc infiltration methods,” Eur. J. Soil Sci. 70 (5), 1049–1062 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12791
D. Yilmaz, L. Lassabatere, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, D. Deneele, and M. Legret, “Hydrodynamic characterization of basic oxygen furnace slag through an adapted BEST method,” Vadose Zone J. 9 (1), 107–116 (2010). https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2009.0039
D. Yilmaz, L. Lassabatere, D. Deneele, R. Angulo-Jaramillo, and M. Legret, “Influence of carbonation on the microstructure and hydraulic properties of a basic oxygen furnace slag,” Vadose Zone J. 12 (2), (2013). https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2012.0121
The author states that there are no conflicts of interest.
About this article
Cite this article
Yilmaz, D. Alternative α* Parameter Estimation for Simplified Beerkan Infiltration Method to Assess Soil Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity. Eurasian Soil Sc. 54, 1049–1058 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229321070140
- soil infiltration
- BEST method
- simplified Beerkan method
- Gardner parameter α*