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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 637–645 | Cite as

Soils of the Summer Garden (Saint Petersburg)

  • N. N. MatinyanEmail author
  • K. A. Bakhmatova
  • V. A. Korentsvit
Genesis and Geography of Soils

Abstract

Soils of the Summer Garden—the first regular (French-style) garden in Russia—are characterized on the basis of the materials of field study performed during reconstruction of the garden in 2005–2011. Most of these soils are filled soils—urbostratozems—underlain by the loamy sands deposited in the Littorina Sea or by the buried gray-humus gleyic and gleyed soils. Urbostratozems are characterized by the slightly acid reaction in the topsoil horizons and slightly alkaline reaction in the middle-profile and lower horizons. The humus content in them varies from 0.2 to 6.8%; in the buried gray-humus soils, it is within 1.3–2.6%. The soils of the garden are characterized by the high and extremely high content of available phosphorus and the predominantly low content of available potassium as determined by Machigin’s method. The bulk content of Pb in the surface soil horizons during the period of our study exceeded the maximum permissible concentration by 3–20 times; the bulk contents of Cu and Zn exceeded the tentative permissible concentrations for coarse-textured soils by 2–6 and 4–20 times, respectively. The main sources of the soil contamination by the heavy metals are the nearby highways. Local contaminated area was also found near the household yard.

Keywords

urbostratozems Urbic Technosol buried soils heavy metals 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Matinyan
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. A. Bakhmatova
    • 1
  • V. A. Korentsvit
    • 2
  1. 1.Saint Petersburg UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.LLC “Pallada”Saint PetersburgRussia

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