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Geostatistical analysis of the spatial variation of the ash reserves in the litter of bog birch forests in Western Siberia

Abstract

A typological series of native Betula pubescens Ehrh. dendrocenoses along the channel of a river crossing a bog was studied. The variability of the mineral element reserves is described by geostatistical methods as the sum of a trend, autocorrelation, and random components. The contribution of deterministic and random components has been assessed in the years with average precipitation and in the year of 2007 with high and long-term flooding. The empirical variograms and the parameters of the model variograms are presented. The class of the spatial correlation of the ash reserves is described. A primary cause of the ash content’s variability is the specific water regime, which is determined by the following: (i) the abundance and duration of the spring floods responsible for the silt mass brought by the river and (ii) the draining effect of the intrabog river, the distance from which provided the formation in the forest of the ground cover with the specific species composition and ash content. The falloff of the arboreal layer in the bog birch forests formed the fundamental mineral background of the litter.

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Correspondence to T. T. Efremova.

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Original Russian Text © T.T. Efremova, O.P. Sekretenko, A.F. Avrova, S.P. Efremov, 2013, published in Pochvovedenie, 2013, No. 1, pp. 56–66.

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Efremova, T.T., Sekretenko, O.P., Avrova, A.F. et al. Geostatistical analysis of the spatial variation of the ash reserves in the litter of bog birch forests in Western Siberia. Eurasian Soil Sc. 46, 51–60 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229312120034

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Keywords

  • variograms
  • typological series
  • water regime
  • litter