The development of the terminology in the field of soil micromorphology reflected a well-known contradiction between two approaches—the genetic and interpretational versus the substantive and morphological-which ended with a compromise in the form of the international Handbook for Soil Thin Sections Description published in 1985. This handbook was widely used around the world. Later on, several changes were introduced into it, and it was updated in the new monograph by G. Stoops. Recently, a list of the main terms appeared on the Internet in 16 languages.
The authors of this paper created the Russian version of these terms, which stimulated the further discussion of the nomenclature and concepts in the field of soil micromorphology in Russia. The comparative analysis of the micromorphological terminology presented in this paper may be useful for micromorphologists to improve the description and interpretation of thin sections and for a wider range of specialists in soil science and related sciences to adequately assess the options of using micromorphology in their research.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
M. A. Bronnikova, “Event in Soil Morphology: Monograph Devoted to the Interpretation of Micromorphological Indices,” Pochvovedenie, No. 7 (2011) [Eur. Soil Sci. 44 (7), (2011)].
M. A. Bronnikova and V. O. Targulian, Cutan Complex of Texturally Differentiated Soils (Akademkniga, Moscow, 2005) [in Russian].
M. P. Verba and V. A. Devyatykh, “Changes in the Micromorphological Structure of Gypsum-Containing Serozemic-Meadow Soils upon Leaching (a Model Experiment),” Pochvovedenie, No. 8, 88–96 (1992).
M. F. Vikulova and E. I. Oreshnikova, Petrographic Analysis: Methodological Guidelines on the Petrographic-Mineralogical Study of Clays (GONTI, Moscow, 1957) [in Russian].
M. I. Gerasimova, S. V. Gubin, and S. A. Shoba, Soil Micromorphology of the Natural Zones of the USSR (Pushchino, 1992) [in Russian].
E. V. Kulinskaya, Extended Abstract of Dissertation in Agriculture (Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].
M. P. Lebedeva (Verba), D. L. Golovanov, and S. A. Inozemtsev, “Microfabrics of Desert Soils of Mongolia,” Pochvovedenie, No. 11, 1294–1307 (2009) [Eur. Soil Sci. 44 (11), 1204–1218 (2009)].
M. P. Lebedeva (Verba), I. A. Yamnova, D. L. Golovanov, et al., “Morphological Structure of Extremely Arid Soils in the Illiisk Depression at the Ul’ken-Boguty Range,” in International Conference Devoted to the 100th Birthday of U. U. Uspatov, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 2006 (Almaty, 2006), pp. 140–142 [in Russian].
Methodological Guidelines on Soil Morphology, Ed. by Dobrovol’skii (Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow, 1983) [in Russian].
N. G. Minashina, “Micromorphological Structure of Takyr Desert Soils in Central Asia,” in Micromorphology of Soils and Loose Sediments (Nauka, Moscow, 1973) [in Russian].
E. I. Parfenova and E. A. Yarilova, Guidelines on Micromorphological Studies in Soil Science (Nauka, Moscow, 1977) [in Russian].
A. I. Romashkevich and M. I. Gerasimova, Micromorphology and Diagnostics of Pedogenesis (Nauka, Moscow, 1982) [in Russian].
D. I. Sideri, “Reflection Microscopic Study of Soil Structure,” Khim. Sots. Zemled., No. 11 (1938).
Description Patterns and Terms in Soil Morphology (Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow, 1972), 50 pp. [in Russian].
V. O. Targulian, T. A. Sokolova, A. G. Birina, et al., Organization, Composition, and Genesis of Soddy-Podzolic Soil on Cover Mantles: Morphological Studies (Moscow, 1974) [in Russian].
T. V. Tursina and T. D. Morozova, “History of Russian Micromorpology,” Pochvovedenie, No. 7 (2011) [Eur. Soil Sci. 44 (7), (2011)].
T. V. Tursina and G. Stoops, “New Procedure for the Description of Soil Thin Sections,” Pochvovedenie, No. 5, 117–121.
T. V. Tursina, I. A. Yamnova, and S. A. Shoba, “Coupled Stepwise Morphomineralogical and Chemical Study of the Composition and Organization of Saline Soils,” Pochvovedenie, No. 2, 30–43 (1980).
I. I. Feofarova, “Calcite Pseudomorphs in Gypsum,” Tr. Pochv. Inst. Im. V.V. Dokuchaeva 34, 202–206 (1950).
M. S. Shvetsov, Petrography of Sedimentary Rocks (Gosgeolizdat, Moscow, 1948) [in Russian].
U. Babel, “Micromorphology of Soil Organic Matter,” in Soil Components, vol. 1. Organic Components, Ed. by J. E. Gieseking (Springer, New York, 1975), pp. 369–473.
L. Bal, Micromorphological Analysis of Soils, PhD Thesis, Soil Survey Paper, No 6 (the Netherlands Soil Survey Institute, Wageningen, Utrecht, 1973).
B. C. Barratt, “A Revised Classification and Nomenclature of Microscopic Soil Materials with Particular Reference to Organic Components,” Geoderma 2, 257–271 (1969).
R. Brewer, Fabric and Mineral Analysis of Soils (Wiley, New York, 1964).
R. Brewer and J. R. Sleeman, Soil Structure and Fabric (CSIRO, Adelaide, 1988).
P. Bullock, N. Fedoroff, A. Jongerius, et al., Handbook for Soil Thin Section Description, Waine Research Publ. (Albrighton, Wolverhampton, 1985).
E. A. FitzPatrick, The Micromorphology of Soils (Univ. of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1980).
Glossary of Soil Micromorphology, Ed. by A. Jongerius and G. K. Rutherford (Wageningen, 1979).
Interpretation of Micromorphological Features of Soils and Regoliths, Ed. by G. Stoops, V. Marcelino, and F. Mees (Elsevier, 2010).
W. L. Kubiena, Micropedology (Collegiate Press, Ames, Iowa, 1938).
W. L. Kubiena, The Soils of Europe (Murby, London, 1953).
A. Mermut and Th. Pape, “Micromorphology of Two Soils from Turkey, with Special Reference to In-Situ Formation of Clay Cutans,” Geoderma 5, 271–281 (1971).
R. Miedema and S. Slager, “Micromorphological Quantification of Clay Illuviation,” Soil Sci. 23, 309–314 (1972).
Soil Map of the World: Revised Legend World Soil Resources Report No. 60 (FAO-UNESCO-ISRIC, Rome, 1988).
Soil Taxonomy. A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys, 2nd ed., Agric. Handbook 436 (USDA, Washington, DC, 1999).
G. Stoops, Guidelines for Analysis and Description of Soil and Regolith Thin Sections (Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Madison, Wisconsin, 2003).
G. Stoops and A. Jongerius, “Proposal for a Micromorphological Classification of Soil Materials: I. A Classification of Related Distributions of Fine and Coarse Particles,” Geoderma 13, 189–199 (1975).
World Reference Base for Soil Resources. Version 2006 (FAO-IUSS-ISRIC, Rome, 2006).
Original Russian Text © M.I. Gerasimova, I.V. Kovda, M.P. Lebedeva, T.V. Tursina, 2011, published in Pochvovedenie, 2011, No. 7, pp. 804–817.
About this article
Cite this article
Gerasimova, M.I., Kovda, I.V., Lebedeva, M.P. et al. Micromorphological terms: The state of the art in soil microfabric research. Eurasian Soil Sc. 44, 739–752 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229311070052
- EURASIAN Soil Science
- Related Distribution
- Clay Coating
- Fabric Unit
- Alteration Pattern