Skip to main content

Thermal diffusivity and temperature regime of soils in large lysimeters of the experimental soil station of Moscow State University

Abstract

The thermal diffusivity of the upper horizons of model soddy-podzolic soils in the lysimeters depends on their water contents and varies within 2.1−4.32 × 10−7 m2/s in the Ap horizon, 1.59−3.99 × 10−7 m2/s in the B1 horizon, 1.28−3.74 × 10−7 m2/s in the plowed B2 horizon, and 1.12−4.10 × 10−7 m2/s in the B2 horizon. The dependence of the thermal diffusivity on the soil water content is described by an inverted parabolic curve for the Ap horizon, an S-shaped curve for the B1 and B2 horizons, and by a curve of transitional type for the plowed B2 horizon. The temperature regimes of model soils with different morphologies of the profile do not differ much and are close to the soil temperature regime under natural conditions on the plots of the weather station of Moscow State University.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. M. M. Abramova, “Experiments of Studying the Evaporation of Water from the Soil,” Tr. Inst. Lesa 38, 126–139 (1958).

    Google Scholar 

  2. G. A. Aleksandrov, M. A. Sokolov, and A. L. Stepanov, “Comparative Analysis of Methods for Measuring Gas Emission from Soils into the Atmosphere,” Pochvovedenie, No. 10, 1192–1194 (1996) [Eur. Soil Sci. 29 (10), 1113-1115 (1996)].

  3. T. A. Arkhangel’skaya, “A New Empirical Formula for Estimating Thermal Diffusivity of Soils,” in Proceedings of the Scientific Session on Fundamental Soil Science, Moscow, Russia, 2004 (Moscow, 2004), pp. 45–46 [in Russian].

  4. T. A. Arkhangel’skaya, “Thermal Diffusivity of Gray Forest Soils in the Vladimir Opolie Region,” Pochvovedenie, No. 3, 332–342 (2004) [Eur. Soil Sci. 37 (3), 285-294 (2004)].

  5. A. F. Vadyunina and Z. A. Korchagina, Methods for Examination of Soil Physical Proeprties (Agropromizdat, Moscow, 1986) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  6. M. A. Vinnik and N. N. Bolyshev, “First Results of Observations in an Open Lysimeter,” Pochvovedenie, No. 4, 114–121 (1972).

  7. A. E. Vozbutskaya, Soil Chemistry (Moscow, 1968) [in Russian].

  8. A. D. Voronin, E. V. Shein, T. N. Pochatkova, and A. B. Umarova, “Changes in Physical Properties of Soddy-Podzolic Soils in a Long-Term Lysimetric Experiment,” Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 17: Pochvoved., No. 3, 28–39 (1996).

  9. L. V. Gerasimova, N. E. Pervova, and A. P. Lobutev, “Pedogenesis under Different Plants on a Covering Loam in a 20-Year-Long Lysimetric Experiment,” Pochvovedenie, No. 1, 24–30 (1989).

  10. A. M. Globus, “Thermogradient Mechanisms of Soil Water Migration and Water Movement in a Frozen Soil,” Pochvovedenie, No. 2, 7–18 (1962).

  11. A. K. Guber, E. V. Shein, Van Itsyuan’, and A. B. Umarova, “Experimental Information for Mathematical Models of Water Transport in Soil: Assessment of Model Adequacy and Reliability of Prediction,” Pochvovedenie, No. 9, 1127–1138 (1998) [Eur. Soil Sci. 31 (9), 1020–1029 (1998)].

  12. D. A. De Vries, “Thermal Properties of Soils,” in Physics of Plant Environment (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1963).

    Google Scholar 

  13. B. M. Kogut, V. A. Bol’shakov, A. S. Frid, et al., Analytical Support of the Monitoring of Soil Humus Status: Methodological Guidelines (Ross. Akad. S-Kh. Nauk, Moscow, 1993) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  14. G. M. Kondrat’ev, Regular Thermal Regime (Moscow, 1954) [in Russian].

  15. N. F. Kulik, “Effect of Thermal Gradients on the Redistribution of Water Vapor in Soils,” Pochvovedenie, No. 12, 50–63 (1963).

  16. A. A. Leonova, E. V. Shein, and V. S. Gorbatov, “Migration of Herbicide Metribuzin in the Soil: Lysimetric Study and Simulation,” Pochvovedenie, No. 6, 745–753 (2003) [Eur. Soil Sci. 36 (6), 669–676 (2003)].

  17. V. P. Panfilov and A. V. Chichulin, “Thermophysical Properties of Soils and Pedogenesis,” in Problems of Soil Science: Soviet Soil Scientists to the XIV International Congress of Soil Science, Tokyo, Japan, 1990 (Moscow, 1990), pp. 15–20 [in Russian].

  18. N. E. Pervova, “Carbon of Water-Soluble Organic Substances in Lysimetric Waters and Soil Solutions under Different Forests,” Pochvovedenie, No. 11, 56–65 (1978).

  19. I. O. Plekhanova, N. G. Managadze, and V. D. Vasil’evskaya, “The Formation of Microelemental Composition of Soil in Stationary Lysimeters of the Faculty of Soil Science, Moscow State University,” Pochvovedenie, No. 4, 409–417 (2003) [Eur. Soil Sci. 36 (4), 370–378 (2003)].

  20. A. I. Popov, G. E. Rozenbaum, and N. V. Tumel’, Cryolithology (Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  21. T. A. Rycheva, “The Modeling of Temperature Regime of Soddy-Podzolic Soils: The Effect of Surface Conditions,” Pochvovedenie, No. 6, 1–7 (1999) [Eur. Soil Sci. 32 (6), 633–638 (1999)].

  22. T. A. Rycheva, “Simulation of Soil Temperature from Data on Its Surface Temperature,” in Ecology of River Basins (Vladimir, 1999), pp. 126–129 [in Russian].

  23. T. A. Rycheva, “Thermal Diffusivity of a Soddy-Podzolic Soil: Effect of Water Movement,” Pochvovedenie, No. 8, 53–57 (1994).

  24. A. B. Umarova, E. V. Shein, and T. A. Arkhangel’skaya, “The Annual, Seasonal, and Daily Dynamics of Water Regime Elements in Soddy-Podzolic Soils,” Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 17: Pochvoved., No. 3, 22–30 (2002).

  25. N. P. Chizhikova, I. A. Verkhovets, and A. S. Vladychenskii, “The Behavior of the Clay Fraction in Model Ecosystems of Soil Lysimeters,” Pochvovedenie, No. 9, 1088–1097 (2006) [Eur. Soil Sci. 39 (9), 980–989 (2006)].

  26. E. V. Shein, T. A. Arkhangel’skaya, V. M. Goncharov, et al., Field and Laboratory Methods for Studying the Physical Properties and Regimes of Soils (Mosk. Gos. Univ., Moscow, 2001) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  27. E. V. Shein, T. N. Pochatkova, and A. B. Umarova, “Soil-Ecological Studies at the Station of Isolated Lysimeters of Moscow State University,” Pochvovedenie, No. 11, 112–117 (1994).

  28. E. V. Shein, A. B. Umarova, Van Itsyuan’, and T. N. Pochatkova, “Water Regime and Changes in the Elemental Composition of Soddy-Podzolic Soils in Large Lysimeters,” Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 17: Pochvoved., No. 2, 31–37 (1997).

  29. J. W. Cary, “Water Flux in Moist Soil: Thermal Versus Suction Gradients,” Soil Sci. 100(3), 168–175 (1965).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. J. W. Cary and S. A. Taylor, “Thermally Driven Liquid and Vapor Phase Transfer of Water and Energy in Soil,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 26, 417–420 (1962).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. J. Constantz, “Temperature Dependence of Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity of Two Soils,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 46, 466–470 (1982).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. J. W. Hopmans and J. H. Dane, “Effect of Temperature-Dependent Hydraulic Properties on Soil Water Movement,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 49, 51–58 (1985).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. D. B. Jaynes, “Temperature Variations Effect on Field-Measured Infiltration,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 54, 305–312 (1990).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. C. W. Rose, “Water Transport in Soil with a Daily Temperature Wave: I. Theory and Experiment: II. Analysis,” Aust. J. Soil Res. 6(1) (1968).

  35. E. V. Shein and A. B. Umarova, “Changes in Physical Properties of Soils and Soil Processes as Derived from the Data of a Long-Term Lysimetric Experiment (1961–2002),” Eur. Soil Sci. 35(Suppl. 1), S100–S106 (2002).

    Google Scholar 

  36. L. V. Weeks, S. J. Richards, and J. Letey, “Water and Salt Transfer in Soil Resulting from Thermal Gradients,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., No. 2, 193–197 (1968).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to T. A. Arkhangel’skaya.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © T.A. Arkhangel’skaya, A.B. Umarova, 2008, published in Pochvovedenie, 2008, No. 3, pp. 311–320.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Arkhangel’skaya, T.A., Umarova, A.B. Thermal diffusivity and temperature regime of soils in large lysimeters of the experimental soil station of Moscow State University. Eurasian Soil Sc. 41, 276–285 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229308030058

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229308030058

Keywords

  • Soil Temperature
  • Thermal Diffusivity
  • Soil Water Content
  • EURASIAN Soil Science
  • Model Soil