Formation of microtubes in CdI2 crystals doped with BiI3

Abstract

The formation of microtubes (MTs) with rectangular cross section in the volume of CdI2 layered crystals doped with Bi3+ trivalent impurity ions has been observed for the first time by scanning electron microscopy. The MTs grow predominantly in pores that appear in the volume of CdI2-BiI3 crystals as a result of a difference in the valence of host Cd2+ ions and guest Bi3+ ions substituted into regular crystal lattice sites. The formation of MT structures is related to the rolling of I-Cd-I trilayers containing impurity ions, which takes place as a result of the presence of uncompensated charges at the edges. Deviation of the MT cross section from circular is explained by nonuniformity of the elastic properties of I-Cd-I trilayers with Bi impurity, which is related to the appearance of vacancies in the cation subsystem upon replacement of Cd2+ ions by Bi3+ ions.

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Correspondence to I. N. Rovetskyj.

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Original Russian Text © I.M. Bolesta, I.N. Rovetskyj, I.D. Karbovnyk, M.V. Partyka, 2013, published in Pis’ma v Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoi Fiziki, 2013, Vol. 39, No. 10, pp. 29–35.

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Bolesta, I.M., Rovetskyj, I.N., Karbovnyk, I.D. et al. Formation of microtubes in CdI2 crystals doped with BiI3 . Tech. Phys. Lett. 39, 463–465 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063785013050180

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Keywords

  • Fullerene
  • Technical Physic Letter
  • Cleavage Surface
  • Layered Sulfide
  • Macroporous Silicon