Technical Physics

, Volume 63, Issue 3, pp 391–397 | Cite as

Flash Sintering of Oxide Ceramics under Microwave Heating

  • Yu. V. Bykov
  • S. V. Egorov
  • A. G. Eremeev
  • I. V. Plotnikov
  • K. I. Rybakov
  • A. A. Sorokin
  • V. V. Kholoptsev
Physical Science of Materials


We report on the results of the analysis of the effect of flash sintering, which is observed upon heating compacted powder materials by high-intensity microwave radiation. Ceramic samples of Y2O3, MgAl2O4, and Yb: (LaO)2O3 were sintered to a density exceeding 98–99% of the theoretical value during 0.5–5 min without isothermal hold. The specific microwave power absorbed volumetrically in the samples was 20–400 W/cm3. Based on the analysis of the experimental data (microwave radiation power and heating and cooling rates) and of the microstructure of the obtained materials, we propose a mechanism of flash sintering based on the evolution of the thermal instability and softening (melting) of the grain boundaries. The proposed mechanism also explains the flash sintering effect observed when a dc or a low-frequency ac voltage is applied to the samples. The microwave heating makes it possible to implement flash sintering without using electrodes for supplying energy to the articles being sintered.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. V. Bykov
    • 1
  • S. V. Egorov
    • 1
  • A. G. Eremeev
    • 1
  • I. V. Plotnikov
    • 1
  • K. I. Rybakov
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. A. Sorokin
    • 1
  • V. V. Kholoptsev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesNizhny NovgorodRussia
  2. 2.Lobachevsky State UniversityNizhny NovgorodRussia

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