A numerical experiment on the simulation of the two-phase flow formed during spraying of a liquid by a nozzle has been described. The radial and axial velocity profiles of the droplets and gas in the free spray and in the two-phase flow through a cylindrical apparatus have been calculated and represented taking into account the early drag crisis of droplets and peculiarities of turbulent friction in the gas, which was detected in previous experiments. The distinguishing feature of the numerical model of the two-phase flow is that it employs the differential equations describing the nonstationary flow of a compressible gas as the initial equations. In transition to their difference analog, the familiar Lax–Wendorff algorithm has been used. A comparison of the results of calculations based on this model with experimental data has demonstrated their concordance.
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Original Russian Text © N.N. Simakov, 2017, published in Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoi Fiziki, 2017, Vol. 87, No. 7, pp. 990–996.
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Simakov, N.N. Numerical simulation of the two-phase flow produced by spraying a liquid by a nozzle. Tech. Phys. 62, 1006–1012 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063784217070222