Starting regimes of plasma excitation in conducting aqueous solutions
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The conditions for the formation of a plasma discharge in an oxygen-containing ion solution are analyzed. Starting regimes of plasma excitation, which depend on physicochemical properties of the electrolyte, electrode, released gas, and current density, are substantiated theoretically. The description of the process is based on electrode screening by gas bubbles. The critical values of the geometrical and true current density (9.7 and 143.5 × 104 A/m2), the extent of screening of the electrode by hydrogen bubbles (93.2%), the rate of emergence of bubbles (1.6 × 10-6 s-1), and other parameters preceding the evolution of the plasma are determined for the 1% aqueous solution of sulfuric acid. The results of calculations are confirmed in experiments. A method is proposed for determining the limiting wetting angle Θ of the electrode surface from the kinetics of emergence of bubbles. For the electrolyte and copper electrode used in experiments (T = 343 K, j = 4.18 A/m2), this angle was found to be 5.0° ± 0.1° and 175.0° ± 0.1° for hydrogen bubbles.
KeywordsPlasma Discharge Copper Electrode Plasma Formation Copper Sample Hydrogen Bubble
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