Carbon nanotubes are prepared by the method of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis for the first time. The initial components for this synthesis are carboniferous materials (soda, limestone, and Teflon) and reducers (magnesium, lithium, and sodium) with addition of a nickel or iron catalyst. The morphology of the nanotubes (straight multiwall nanotubes apparently free of a catalyst, bent nanotubes completely filled with a catalyst, and carbon nanofibers) is similar to that of nanotubes grown by chemical methods. The nanotubes account for 2–4 wt % of the product synthesized.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
S. Iijima, Nature 354, 56 (1991).
S. Iijima, T. Ishihashi, and Y. Ando, Nature 356, 776 (1992).
T. W. Ebbesen and P.M. Ajayan, Nature 358, 220 (1992).
A. Cassell, N. Franklin, E. Chan, et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 7975 (1999).
S. Fan, M. Chapline, N. Franklin, et al., Science 283, 512 (1999).
H. Dai, A. G. Rinzler, P. Nicolaev, et al., Chem. Phys. Lett. 262, 161 (1996).
P. J. Harris, Carbon Nanotubes and Related Structures (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1999; Tekhnosfera, Moscow, 2003).
P. J. Harris, S. C. Tsang, J. B. Claridge, and M. L. Green, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 90, 2799 (1994).
G. Z. Chen, X. Fan, A. Luget, et al., J. Electroanal. Chem. 446, 1 (1998).
J. B. Bai, A. L. Hamon, A. Marraud, et al., Chem. Phys. Lett. 365, 184 (2002).
N. I. Alekseev, S. V. Polovtsev, and N. A. Charykov, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (in press).
Z. Lou, Q. Chen, W. Wang, and Y. Zhang, Carbon 41, 3063 (2003).
A. G. Merzhanov, Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis: Twenty Years of Search and Discoveries (ISMAN, Chernogolovka, 1989) [in Russian].
A. E. Sychev and A. G. Merzhanov, Usp. Khim. 73, 157 (2004).
Original Russian Text © N.I. Alekseev, S.G. Izotova, Yu.G. Osipov, S.V. Polovtsev, K.N. Semenov, A.K. Sirotkin, N.A. Charykov, S.A. Kernozhitskaya, 2006, published in Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoĭ Fiziki, 2006, Vol. 76, No. 2, pp. 84–89.
About this article
Cite this article
Alekseev, N.I., Izotova, S.G., Osipov, Y.G. et al. Production of carbon nanotubes by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. Tech. Phys. 51, 231–235 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063784206020137