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Production of carbon nanotubes by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis


Carbon nanotubes are prepared by the method of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis for the first time. The initial components for this synthesis are carboniferous materials (soda, limestone, and Teflon) and reducers (magnesium, lithium, and sodium) with addition of a nickel or iron catalyst. The morphology of the nanotubes (straight multiwall nanotubes apparently free of a catalyst, bent nanotubes completely filled with a catalyst, and carbon nanofibers) is similar to that of nanotubes grown by chemical methods. The nanotubes account for 2–4 wt % of the product synthesized.

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Original Russian Text © N.I. Alekseev, S.G. Izotova, Yu.G. Osipov, S.V. Polovtsev, K.N. Semenov, A.K. Sirotkin, N.A. Charykov, S.A. Kernozhitskaya, 2006, published in Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoĭ Fiziki, 2006, Vol. 76, No. 2, pp. 84–89.

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Alekseev, N.I., Izotova, S.G., Osipov, Y.G. et al. Production of carbon nanotubes by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. Tech. Phys. 51, 231–235 (2006).

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