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Transport of a Low-Energy Ion Beam with Ballistic Focusing


Transport of an ion beam in a hemispherical equipotential drift space is studied by the PiC method. It is shown that the collector current transfers into a pulsed mode caused by the dynamic processes of the formation of a virtual anode and neutralization of its positive charge by plasma and secondary electrons at the energy of the injected ions of WWc (Wc is the critical energy). The critical energy Wc = 2 keV for an ion current of Ib = 1 А at a gas density of ng = 1013 cm–3. The critical energy and the period of oscillation of the beam current at the collector depend on the ion energy, beam current, and gas density.

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This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 17-19-01169-P) and by Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, project 075-15-2020-790.

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Correspondence to T. V. Koval’.

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Translated by L. Mosina

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Koval’, T.V., Tarakanov, V.P. Transport of a Low-Energy Ion Beam with Ballistic Focusing. Plasma Phys. Rep. 47, 840–849 (2021).

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  • ion beam
  • virtual anode
  • transport
  • ballistic focusing
  • PiC simulation