Experimental studies of the magnetic structure and plasma dynamics in current sheets (a review)

Abstract

Based on measurements of magnetic fields in current sheets, spatial distributions of the electric current and electrodynamic forces in successive stages of the sheet evolution are determined. Two new effects manifesting themselves mostly in the late stages of the current sheet evolution have been discovered, namely, expansion of the current flow region at the periphery of the sheet and the appearance of a region with inverse currents, which gradually expands from the periphery toward the center of the sheet. Using spectroscopic methods, generation of superthermal plasma flows accelerated along the sheet width from the center toward the periphery has been revealed and investigated. The measured energies of accelerated plasma ions satisfactorily agree with the Ampère forces determined from magnetic measurements. The excitation of inverse currents additionally confirms the motion of high-speed plasma flows from the center of the current sheet toward its side edges.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    S. I. Syrovatskii, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 19, 163 (1981).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    D. Biscamp, Magnetic Reconnection in Plasmas (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2000).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    P. A. Sweet, in Electromagnetic Phenomena in Cosmical Physics, Ed. by B. Lehnert (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1958), p. 123.

  4. 4.

    E. N. Parker, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 8, 177 (1963).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    E. R. Priest and T. Forbes, Magnetic Reconnection: MHD Theory and Applications (Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, 2000).

    Book  MATH  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    B. B. Kadomtsev, Rep. Prog. Phys. 50, 115 (1987).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    L. M. Zelenyi, A. V. Artemyev, Kh. V. Malova, A. A. Petrukovich, and R. Nakamura, Phys. Usp. 53, 933 (2010).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    A. Bratenahl and M. Yeates, Phys. Fluids 11, 2696 (1970).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    N. Ohyabu and N. Kawashima, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 33, 496 (1972).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    S. I. Syrovatskii, A. G. Frank, and A. Z. Khodzhaev, JETP Lett. 15, 94 (1972).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    A. T. Altyntsev and V. I. Krasov, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 19, 1639 (1974).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    R. L. Stenzel and W. Gekelman, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 649 (1981).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Y. Ono, A. Morita, M. Katsurai, and M. Yamada, Phys. Fluids B 5, 3691 (1998).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    M. Yamada, H. Ji, S. Hsu, T. Carter, R. M. Kulsrud, N. Bretz, F. Jobes, Y. Ono, and F. W. Perkins, Phys. Plasmas 4, 1937 (1997).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    M. Yamada, R. Kurlsrud, and H. Ji, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 603 (2010).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 41 (Suppl. 3A), A687 (1999).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    M. R. Brown, Phys. Plasmas 6, 1717 (1999).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    P. M. Bellan, S. You, and S. C. Hsu, Astrophys. Space Sci. 298, 203 (2005).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    J. Egedal, M. Oiroset, W. Fox, and R. P. Lin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 025006 (2005).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    T. P. Intrator, I. Furno, D. D. Ryutov, G. Lapenta, L. Dorf, and X. Sun, J. Geophys. Res. 112, A05S90 (2007).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    A. G. Frank, in Plasma Heliogeophysics, Ed. by L. M. Zelenyi and I. S. Veselovskii (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2008), Vol. 2, p. 259 [in Russian].

  22. 22.

    A. G. Frank, Phys. Usp. 53, 941 (2010).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    T. Forbes, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 23153 (2000).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    V. D. Kuznetsov, in Plasma Heliogeophysics, Ed. by L. M. Zelenyi and I. S. Veselovskii (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2008), Vol. 1, p. 81 [in Russian].

  25. 25.

    K. Shibata, S. Masuda, M. Shimojo, H. Hara, T. Yokoyama, S. Tsuneta, T. Kosugi, and Y. Ogawara, Astrophys. J. Lett. 451, L83 (1995).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    B. P. Filippov, Eruptive Processes on the Sun (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2007) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    A. G. Frank, EAS Publ. Series, 58, 57 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    A. G. Frank, V. P. Gavrilenko, N. P. Kyrie, and G. V. Ostrovskaya, in Encyclopedia of Low-Temperature Plasma, Ed. by V. E. Fortov, Ser. B, Vol. III-2: Thermodynamic, Optical, and Transport Properties of Low-Temperature Plasma, Part 1: Optical Properties of Low-Temperature Plasma, Ed. by V. N. Ochkin (Yanus-K, Moscow, 2008), p. 335 [in Russian].

  29. 29.

    G. S. Voronov, N. P. Kyrie, V. S. Markov, G. V. Ostrovskaya, and A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Rep. 34, 999 (2008).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    N. P. Kyrie, V. P. Gavrilenko, and A. G. Frank, Vest. Pomorsk. Univ., Ser. Estestv. Nauki, No. 4, 59 (2009).

    Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    N. P. Kyrie, V. S. Markov, and A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Rep. 36, 357 (2010).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    N. P. Kyrie, V. S. Markov, and A. G. Frank, JETP Lett. 95, 14 (2012).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    N. P. Kyrie and A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Rep. 38, 960 (2012).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    A. G. Frank, S. G. Bugrov, and V. S. Markov, Phys. Plasmas 15, 092102 (2008).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    A. G. Frank, S. G. Bugrov, and V. S. Markov, Phys. Lett. A 373, 1460 (2009).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    G. V. Ostrovskaya, A. G. Frank, and S. Yu. Bogdanov, Tech. Phys. 55, 936 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    A. G. Frank and S. N. Satunin, Plasma Phys. Rep. 37, 829 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    A. G. Frank, N. P. Kyrie, and S. N. Satunin, Phys. Plasmas 18, 111209 (2011).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    G. V. Ostrovskaya and A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Rep. 40, 21 (2014).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    A. G. Frank and S. N. Satunin, JETP Lett. 100, 75 (2014).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    G. V. Ostrovskaya, V. S. Markov, and A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Rep. 42, 1 (2016).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    M. E. Koepke, Rev. Geophys. 46, 1 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    E. G. Zweibel and M. Yamada, Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 47, 291 (2009).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    A. V. Artemyev, A. A. Petrukovich, A. G. Frank, I. Y. Vasko, R. Nakamura, and L. M. Zelenyi, J. Geophys. Res. 118, 2789 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. 45.

    S. Yu. Bogdanov, N. P. Kyrie, V. S. Markov, and A. G. Frank, JETP Lett. 71, 53 (2000).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  46. 46.

    A. G. Frank, S. Yu. Bogdanov, V. S. Markov, G. V. Ostrovskaya, and G. V. Dreiden, Phys. Plasmas 12, 052316 (2005).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  47. 47.

    S. Yu. Bogdanov, S. G. Bugrov, V. P. Gritsyna, O. V. Zverev, G. V. Karpov, V. S. Markov, D. V. Repin, and A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Rep. 33, 435 (2007).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  48. 48.

    www.nanoscan.ru

  49. 49.

    S. I. Syrovatskii, Sov. Phys. JETP 33, 933 (1971).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  50. 50.

    B. V. Somov, Plasma Astrophysics, Parts I, II (Springer, New York, 2012, 2013).

    Book  MATH  Google Scholar 

  51. 51.

    S. Yu. Bogdanov, V. S. Markov, A. G. Frank, G. V. Dreiden, I. I. Komissarova, G. V. Ostrovskaya, and E. N. Shedova, Plasma Phys. Rep. 27, 549 (2002).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  52. 52.

    S. Yu. Bogdanov, G. V. Dreiden, V. S. Markov, G. V. Ostrovskaya, and A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Rep. 32, 1034 (2006).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  53. 53.

    S. Yu. Bogdanov, G. V. Dreiden, V. S. Markov, G. V. Ostrovskaya, and A. G. Frank, Plasma Phys. Rep. 33, 930 (2007).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. G. Frank.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © A.G. Frank, N.P. Kyrie, 2017, published in Uspekhi Prikladnoi Fiziki, 2015, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 454–470.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Frank, A.G., Kyrie, N.P. Experimental studies of the magnetic structure and plasma dynamics in current sheets (a review). Plasma Phys. Rep. 43, 696–710 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063780X1706006X

Download citation