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Thermal Photon Production in Au \(\boldsymbol{+}\) Au Collisions Observed by PHENIX

Abstract

Direct photons provide valuable insight into the collective properties of Quark–Gluon Plasma. They are emitted throughout the evolution of a heavy-ion collision and do not interact strongly with the medium as they leave it. The PHENIX experiment has detected both a large yield and a large elliptic flow of low-\(p_{T}\) direct photons in Au \(+\) Au collisions at \(\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200\) GeV. Calculation of thermal photon emission fall short in describing the yield and the anisotropy at the same time. An intriguing scaling behavior is observed between the low-\(p_{T}\) direct photon production and the charge particle multiplicity across all \(p(d)+A\) and \(A+A\) collision systems and different beam energies from 39 to 2760 GeV, indicating similar photon sources for all these systems. To provide more insight into photon production mechanism and more constraints on theoretical models, precise measurement of the direct photon anisotropy is needed. This paper reports the measurements of spectra and the flow coefficients of low-momentum with the high statistics of Au \(+\) Au collisions data taken in the year 2014. New results provide a 10-fold increase in statistics for the measurement of direct photon yields and their anisotropy.

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Correspondence to Iu. M. Mitrankov.

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Mitrankov, I.M., Berdnikov, Y.A., Berdnikov, A.Y. et al. Thermal Photon Production in Au \(\boldsymbol{+}\) Au Collisions Observed by PHENIX. Phys. Atom. Nuclei 84, 558–561 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063778821040190

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