Cherenkov Water Detectors in Particle Physics and Cosmic Rays
Among various types of Cherenkov detectors (solid, liquid and gaseous) created for different studies, the most impressive development was gained by water detectors: from the first detector with a volume of several liters in which the Cherenkov radiation was discovered, to the IceCube detector with a volume of one cubic kilometer. The review of the development of Cherenkov water detectors for various purposes and having different locations − ground-based, underground and underwater–is presented in the paper. The prospects of their further development are also discussed.
KeywordsCherenkov radiation Cherenkov water detectors cosmic rays neutrino telescopes gamma-ray astronomy muons extensive air showers
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