Substantiation of the Possibility of Predicting Behavior of Solids under Extreme Conditions at Various High-Intensity Impacts
The paper is devoted to the data analysis on the amplitude-time regularities of the dynamic failure process of solids under various types of high-intensity impact in the ranges of nonequilibrium states from 3 × 10−10 to 10−5 s and establishing general regularities of behavior of unstudied materials under extreme conditions. We have analyzed the process of dynamic destruction of solids of different nature using the method of magnetic-pulse loading in the microsecond range of nonequilibrium states, as well as the dynamic failure process for a number of metals in the mode of pulsed volume heating under the action of pulsed relativistic electron beams in the nanosecond and subnanosecond range of nonequilibrium states. It has been shown that, upon using different methods of pulsed loading in the dynamic longevity range, the failure time as a function of amplitude of applied load has an exponential form for various solid materials. This indicates the scaling nature of the destruction process. The foregoing determines the possibility of predicting the behavior of unstudied solid bodies in the dynamic range of nonequilibrium states.
Keywordsdynamic longevity range quasistatic longevity range dynamic loading magnetic-pulse loading method relativistic electron beams mode of pulsed volume heating similarity of processes
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