Spin and mass of the supermassive black hole in the Galactic Center

Abstract

A new method for exact determination of the masses and spins of black holes from the observations of quasi-periodic oscillations is discussed. The detected signal from the hot clumps in the accretion plasma must contain modulations with two characteristic frequencies: the frequency of rotation of the black hole event horizon and the frequency of the latitudinal precession of the clump’s orbit. Application of the method of two characteristic frequencies for interpretation of the observed quasi-periodic oscillations from the supermassive black hole in the Galactic center in the X-rays and in the near IR region yields the most exact, for the present, values of the mass and the spin (Kerr parameter) of the Sgr A* black hole: M = (4.2 ± 0.2) × 106 M and a = 0.65 ± 0.05. The observed quasi-periodic oscillations with a period of about 11.5 min are identified as the black hole event horizon rotation period and those with a period of about 19 min are identified as the latitudinal oscillation period of the hot spot orbits in the accretion disk.

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Correspondence to V. I. Dokuchaev.

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Original Russian Text © V.I. Dokuchaev, 2014, published in Yadernaya Fizika i Inzhiniring, 2014, Vol. 5, Nos. 9–10, pp. 806–809.

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Dokuchaev, V.I. Spin and mass of the supermassive black hole in the Galactic Center. Phys. Atom. Nuclei 78, 1517–1519 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063778815130074

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Keywords

  • Galactic Center
  • black holes