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Peculiarities of Electric Properties of Various Materials

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Abstract

Examples of electric properties of various crystalline materials, insulators and semiconductors, liquid crystals, films, and nanostructures are presented. Among crystals, particular attention is paid to piezoelectrics, pyroelectrics, and ferroelectrics, whose dielectric properties depend strongly on the external electric field and temperature. The electro-optic properties of these materials, as well as the photovoltaic effect and photorefraction, are considered. Liquid crystals, whose optical properties depend strongly on applied electric field, are considered separately. The electric properties of materials are widely used in most diverse fields of science and technology.

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Funding

This study was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation within the State assignment for the Federal Scientific Research Centre “Crystallography and Photonics” of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Correspondence to T. G. Golovina.

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Translated by Yu. Sin’kov

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Fridkin, V.M., Golovina, T.G., Konstantinova, A.F. et al. Peculiarities of Electric Properties of Various Materials. Crystallogr. Rep. 67, 494–520 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063774522040083

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