Crystallography Reports

, Volume 61, Issue 4, pp 533–542 | Cite as

Natural science methods in field archaeology, with the case study of Crimea

  • T. N. Smekalova
  • E. B. Yatsishina
  • A. S. Garipov
  • A. E. Pasumanskii
  • R. S. Ketsko
  • A. V. Chudin
Reviews

Abstract

The natural science methods applied in archaeological field survey are briefly reviewed. They are classified into several groups: remote sensing (analysis of space and airspace photographs, viewshed analysis, study of detailed topographic and special maps, and three-dimensional photogrammetry), geophysical survey, and analysis of cultural layer elements (by geochemical, paleosol, and other methods). The most important principle is the integration of complementary nondestructive and fast natural science methods in order to obtain the most complete and reliable results. Emphasis is placed on the consideration of geophysical methods of the study, primarily, magnetic exploration. A multidisciplinary study of the monuments of ancient Chersonesos and its “barbarian” environment is described as an example of successful application of a complex technique.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    T. N. Smekalova, O. Voss, and A. V. Mel’nikov, Magnetic Exploration in Archaeology (Feniks, Simferopol’, 2010) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. N. Smekalova, Remote and Geophysical Studies of Ancient Settlements in Northwest Crimea: Materials for the Archaeological Map of Crimea, Iss. 5 (Dolya, Simferopol’, 2011) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. J. Aitken, Antiquaries J. 40, 21 (1960).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. J. Aitken, Physics and Archaeology (Oxford, 1974).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Herbich, D. O’Connor, M. Adams, et al., Dossiers Archeol., No. 308, 62 (2005).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Mayer, Good Practice in Archaeological Diagnostics, Non-Invasive Survey of Complex Archaeological Sites, Ed. by C. Corsi et al. (Springer, Dordrecht, 2013), p. 177.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. J. Fassbinder, H. Bekker, and M. Van Ess, Dossiers Archeol., No. 308, 20 (2005).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. W. Bevan, T. N. Smekalova, A. V. Chudin, and A. S. Garipov, Archaeol. Prospect. 4, 201 (2015).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. N. Smekalova and O. Voss, Magnetic Survey on the Archaeological Sites in Denmark (Nationalmuseets Arbejdsmark, 2001; K@benhavn, 2001), p. 134.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. W. Bevan and T. N. Smekalova, Filtering, Optimization and Modelling of Geophysical Data in Archaeological Prospecting. Fondazione ing. Carlo Maurilio Lerici. Politecnico di Milano. 50th Anniversary, 1947–1997, Milano, 2002), p. 9.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Smekalova, Dakhleh Oasis Project: Preliminary Reports on the 1994–1995 to 1998–1999 Field Seasons, Ed. by C. Hope and G. E Bowen (Oxbow Books, Oxford, Oakville, 2002), p. 31.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. N. Smekalova, O. Voss, and S. L. Smekalov, Magnetic Surveying in Archaeology: More than 10 Years of Using the Overhauser GSM-19 Gradiometer (Wormianum, Aarhus, 2008).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. N. Smekalova, A. J. Mills, and T. Herbich, The Oasis Papers III. Proceedings of the Third International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis Project, Ed. by G. E. Bowen and C. A. Hope (Oxbow Books, Oxford, 2004), p. 131.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. Smekalova, O. Voss, S. Smekalov, et al., Geoarchaeology 20 (5), 461 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. N. Smekalova, A. V. Mel’nikov, V. L. Myts, and B. V. Bevan, A Magnetometric Study of Pottery Furnaces in the Medieval Taurica, Ed. by V. I. Chizhik (Izd-vo SPbGU, St. Petersburg, 2000) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. W. Bevan and T. N. Smekalova, Good Practice in Archaeological Diagnostics, Non-Invasive Survey of Complex Archaeological Sites, Ed. by C. Corsi et al. (Springer, Dordrecht, 2013), p. 133.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. A. Kutaisov and T. N. Smekalova, Ortli: An Acient Greek Farmstead and a Vineyard in the Remote Chora of Chersonesos: Materials for the Archaeological Map of Crimea, Iss. XI, Part 2 (Simferopol’, 2013) [in Russian], p. 21.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. N. Smekalova, F. N. Lisetskii, O. A. Marinina, et al., Vestn. Arkheol. Antropol. Etnogr., No. 2, 50.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. N. Smekalova and V. A. Kutaisov, Vestn. Drevnei Istor., No. 2, 54 (2014).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. N. Smekalova, Vestn. Drevnei Istor., No. 2, 127 (2013).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. N. Smekalova and A. V. Chudin, Scientific Heritage of P. H. Shul’ts and Modern Studies in Northwest Crimea. Materials for the Archaeological Map of Crimea, Iss. 6, Part 2 (2012) [in Russian], p. 222.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. Kearey and M. Bruks, An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration (Mir, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian], p. 261.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. S. Frantov and A. A. Pinkevich, Geophysics in Archaeology (Nedra, Leningrad, 1966), p. 37.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. C. Monfort, Good Practice in Archaeological Diagnostics, Non-Invasive Survey of Complex Archaeological Sites, Ed. by C. Corsi et al. (Springer, Dordrecht, 2013), p. 153.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Hidalgo, J. Manuel, and S. Keay, Archivo español de arqueología, No. 72, 73 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. J. C. Atkinson, Field archaeology (Methuen, 1953), 2nd ed., p. 59.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. Perschel, Prospezioni Archeologishe, No. 2, 91 (1967).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    B. W. Bevan, J. Field Archaeol. 10 (1), 47 (1983).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. Tabbagh, G. Bossnet, and H. Becker, Archaeometry 30 (1), 132 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    T. N. Smekalova, Soknopaiou Nesos Project. I. Pisa (Fabriziao Serro, Roma, 2012), p. 111.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    B. W. Bevan and J. Kenyon, MASCA Newslett. 11, 2 (1975).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. W. Weymouth, Adv. Archaeol Method Theory. 9, 370 (1986).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. N. Smekalova
    • 1
  • E. B. Yatsishina
    • 2
  • A. S. Garipov
    • 1
  • A. E. Pasumanskii
    • 4
  • R. S. Ketsko
    • 1
  • A. V. Chudin
    • 3
  1. 1.Vernadsky Crimean Federal UniversitySimferopol, CrimeaRussia
  2. 2.National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”MoscowRussia
  3. 3.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.OOO ZhivoiSoftSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations