Astronomy Letters

, Volume 43, Issue 10, pp 677–689 | Cite as

Modeling of high-frequency variability in X-ray binaries with black holes

  • A. N. Semena
  • M. G. Revnivtsev
  • T. I. Larchenkova
  • A. A. Lutovinov
Article

Abstract

The properties of the aperiodic variability in X-ray binaries with black holes are considered. The power spectra of the luminosity variability for a flat accretion disk that is an emission source with a powerlaw energy spectrum have been modeled. At low frequencies the derived power spectrum has the form of a power law with a slope ϱ ≈ −1 and a cutoff at a frequency corresponding to the characteristic frequency of fluctuations at the inner disk edge; at higher frequencies the power spectrum has a complex form. The high-frequency variability is suppressed due to the arrival time delays of photons emerged in different parts of the disk. The presence of azimuthal accretion rate fluctuations in the disk and the disk surface brightness nonuniformity in the observer’s imaginary plane caused by the relativistic effects give rise to an additional variability component at frequencies ∼ 200 Hz.

Keywords

accretion X-ray binaries aperiodic variability 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    P. Arévalo and P. Uttley, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 367, 801 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. M. Bardeen, W. H. Press, and S. A. Teukolsky, Astrophys. J. 178, 347 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K.Beckwith, J. F. Hawley, and J. H. Krolik, Mon.Not. R. Astron. Soc. 390, 21 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. H. Boyer and R. W. Lindquist, J. Math. Phys. 8, 265 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. Bozza, Gen. Relat. Grav. 42, 2269 (2010).ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Carter, Phys. Rev. 174, 1559 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Churazov, M. Gilfanov, and M. Revnivtsev, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 321, 759 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. T. Cunningham and J. M. Bardeen, Astrophys. J. 183, 237 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. B. Dove, J. Wilms, and M. C. Begelman, Astrophys. J. 487, 747 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. M. Eardley, A. P. Lightman, and S. L. Shapiro, Astrophys. J. 199, L153 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Gierliński, A. A. Zdziarski, J. Poutanen, P. S. Coppi, K. Ebisawa, and W. N. Johnson, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 309, 496 (1999).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. Içdem and A. Baykal, Astron. Astrophys. 529, A7 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Ingram and M. van der Klis, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 434, 1476 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. Ishibashi and T. J.-L. Courvoisier, Astron. Astrophys. 540, L2 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. Kazanas, X.-M. Hua, and L. Titarchuk, Astrophys. J. 480, 735 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. P. Kerr, Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 237 (1963).ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    O. Kotov, E. Churazov, and M. Gilfanov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 327, 799 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. P. T. Liang and R. H. Price, Astrophys. J. 218, 247 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. Lin, I. A. Smith, M. Böttcher, and E. P. Liang, Astrophys. J. 531, 963 (2000).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. Lynden-Bell and J. E. Pringle, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 168, 603 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. E. Lyubarskiy, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 292, 679 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Miyamoto, S. Kitamoto, S. Iga, H. Negoro, and K. Terada, Astrophys. J. 391, L21 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    I.D. Novikov and K. S. Thorne, in Proceedings of the Conference on Astrophysics of Black Holes, 1973, p. 343.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. A. Nowak, J. Wilms, and J. B. Dove, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 332, 856 (2002).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. A. Orosz, J. E. McClintock, J. P. Aufdenberg, R. A. Remillard, M. J. Reid, R. Narayan, and L. Gou, Astrophys. J. 742, 84 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    L. A. Pozdnyakov, I. M. Sobol, and R. A. Syunyaev, ASP Rev. 2, 189 (1983).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    W. Priedhorsky, G. P. Garmire, R. Rothschild, E. Boldt, P. Serlemitsos, and S. Holt, Astrophys. J. 233, 350 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Revnivtsev, E. Churazov, K. Postnov, and S. Tsygankov, Astron. Astrophys. 507, 1211 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. G. Revnivtsev, R. Burenin, I. Bikmaev, A. Kniazev, D. Buckley, M. Pretorius, I. Khamitov, T. Ak, Z. Eker, and S. Melnikov, Astron. Astrophys. 513, A63 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    M.G. Revnivtsev, S. V. Molkov, and M. N. Pavlinsky, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 451, 4253 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    G. B. Rybicki and A. P. Lightman, Radiative Processes in Astrophysics (Wiley, Chichester, 1979).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Scaringi, E. Körding, P. J. Groot, P. Uttley, T. Marsh, C. Knigge, T. Maccarone, and V. S. Dhillon, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 431, 2535 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. Scaringi, T. J. Maccarone, E. Kording, C. Knigge, S. Vaughan, T. R. Marsh, E. Aranzana, V. S. Dhillon, and S. C. C. Barros, Science A 1, e1500686 (2015).ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. D. Schnittman and E. Bertschinger, Astrophys. J. 606, 1098 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    N. I. Shakura and R. A. Sunyaev, Astron. Astrophys. 24, 337 (1973).ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    N. A. Sharp, Canad. J. Phys. 59, 688 (1981).ADSMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    B. E. Stern, J. Poutanen, R. Svensson, M. Sikora, and M. C. Begelman, Astrophys. J. 449, L13 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    R. A. Sunyaev and J. Truemper, Nature 279, 506 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. Timmer and M. Koenig, Astron. Astrophys. 300, 707 (1995).ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    L. Titarchuk, N. Shaposhnikov, and V. Arefiev, Astrophys. J. 660, 556 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    P. Uttley, I.M. McHardy, and S. Vaughan, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 359, 345 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    P. Uttley, E. M. Cackett, A. C. Fabian, E. Kara, and D. R. Wilkins, Astron. Astrophys. Rev. 22, 72 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    D.R. Wilkins and A.C. Fabian, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 424, 1284 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    A. F. Zakharov, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 269, 283 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    A. A. Zdziarski, R. Kawabata, and S. Mineshige, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 399, 1633 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Semena
    • 1
  • M. G. Revnivtsev
    • 1
  • T. I. Larchenkova
    • 2
  • A. A. Lutovinov
    • 1
  1. 1.Space Research InstituteMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Astrospace Center, P.N. Lebedev Physical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations