Astronomy Reports

, Volume 61, Issue 4, pp 288–296 | Cite as

Square Kilometre Array: The radio telescope of the XXI century

  • K. Grainge
  • B. Alachkar
  • Shaun Amy
  • D. Barbosa
  • M. Bommineni
  • P. Boven
  • R. Braddock
  • J. Davis
  • P. Diwakar
  • V. Francis
  • R. Gabrielczyk
  • R. Gamatham
  • S. Garrington
  • T. Gibbon
  • D. Gozzard
  • S. Gregory
  • Y. Guo
  • Y. Gupta
  • J. Hammond
  • D. Hindley
  • U. Horn
  • R. Hughes-Jones
  • M. Hussey
  • S. Lloyd
  • S. Mammen
  • S. Miteff
  • V. Mohile
  • J. Muller
  • S. Natarajan
  • J. Nicholls
  • R. Oberland
  • M. Pearson
  • T. Rayner
  • S. Schediwy
  • R. Schilizzi
  • S. Sharma
  • S. Stobie
  • M. Tearle
  • B. Wang
  • B. Wallace
  • L. Wang
  • R. Warange
  • R. Whitaker
  • A. Wilkinson
  • N. Wingfield
Article

Abstract

The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will be the world’s largest and most sensitive radio telescope. It will address fundamental unanswered questions about our Universe including how the first stars and galaxies formed after the Big Bang, how dark energy is accelerating the expansion of theUniverse, the role of magnetism in the cosmos, the nature of gravity, and the search for life beyond Earth. This project envisages the construction of 133 15-m antennas in South Africa and 131072 log-periodic antennas in Australia, together with the associated infrastructure in the two desert sites. In addition, the SKA is an exemplar Big Data project, with data rates of over 10 Tbps being transported from the telescope to HPC/HTC facilities.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Grainge
    • 1
  • B. Alachkar
    • 1
  • Shaun Amy
    • 2
  • D. Barbosa
    • 3
  • M. Bommineni
    • 4
  • P. Boven
    • 5
  • R. Braddock
    • 1
  • J. Davis
    • 6
  • P. Diwakar
    • 4
  • V. Francis
    • 7
  • R. Gabrielczyk
    • 1
  • R. Gamatham
    • 8
  • S. Garrington
    • 1
  • T. Gibbon
    • 9
  • D. Gozzard
    • 10
  • S. Gregory
    • 11
  • Y. Guo
    • 12
  • Y. Gupta
    • 13
  • J. Hammond
    • 1
  • D. Hindley
    • 6
  • U. Horn
    • 14
  • R. Hughes-Jones
    • 15
  • M. Hussey
    • 1
  • S. Lloyd
    • 1
  • S. Mammen
    • 16
  • S. Miteff
    • 14
  • V. Mohile
    • 4
  • J. Muller
    • 1
  • S. Natarajan
    • 16
  • J. Nicholls
    • 1
  • R. Oberland
    • 1
  • M. Pearson
    • 1
  • T. Rayner
    • 17
  • S. Schediwy
    • 10
  • R. Schilizzi
    • 1
  • S. Sharma
    • 4
  • S. Stobie
    • 10
  • M. Tearle
    • 1
  • B. Wang
    • 12
  • B. Wallace
    • 8
  • L. Wang
    • 12
  • R. Warange
    • 4
  • R. Whitaker
    • 1
  • A. Wilkinson
    • 1
  • N. Wingfield
    • 1
  1. 1.Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, Alan Turing Building, School of Physics & AstronomyThe University of ManchesterManchesterUK
  2. 2.CSIRO Astronomy and Space ScienceAustralia Telescope National FacilityEppingAustralia
  3. 3.Grupo de Radio Astronomia, Basic Sciences & Enabling Technologies, Instituto de TelecomunicaçõesCampus Universitario de SantiagoAveiroPortugal
  4. 4.Persistent Systems Limited, PuneMaharashtraIndia
  5. 5.Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE)DwingelooThe Netherlands
  6. 6.National Physical LaboratoryTeddington, MiddlesexUK
  7. 7.STFC, Rutherford Appleton LaboratoryHarwell CampusUK
  8. 8.SKA South AfricaPinelandsSouth Africa
  9. 9.Department of PhysicsNelson Mandela Metropolitan UniversityPort ElizabethSouth Africa
  10. 10.School of PhysicsThe University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  11. 11.STFCDaresbury LaboratoryWarrington, CheshireUK
  12. 12.Joint Institute for Measurement Science, The state key lab of precision Measurement Technology and Instrument, Department of Precision InstrumentsTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  13. 13.National Centre for Radio AstrophysicsTata Institute of Fundamental ResearchPune, MaharashtraIndia
  14. 14.South African National Research NetworkCSIR Meraka InstitutePretoriaSouth Africa
  15. 15.GÉANTCambridgeUK
  16. 16.Tata Consultancy ServicesMumbia, MaharashtraIndia
  17. 17.AARNetNorth RydeAustralia

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