Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 132–139 | Cite as

Mechanisms of the adaptation of the Kildin cod Gadus morhua kildinensis Derjugin, 1920 (Pisces: Gadidae) to the specific conditions of Lake Mogilnoye

  • A. N. Stroganov
  • K. I. Afanasiev
  • V. A. Burmensky
  • L. A. Zhivotovsky
  • N. V. Zuykova
  • E. A. Kriksunov
  • N. V. Mukhina
  • M. P. Polyakov
  • G. A. Rubtsova
  • A. V. Semenova
  • A. M. Shadrin
  • O. Yu. Frolov
Ichthyology
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

The mechanisms of the adaptation of the Kildin cod to the conditions of a meromictic lake were analyzed based on the study of morphological, biological, and genetic characteristics. Significant differences between the Kildin cod and Atlantic cod have been found in their morphological and genetic characteristics. The results of an X-ray microanalysis of otoliths, which were conducted for the first time, confirm that the distribution range of the Kildin cod in Lake Mogilnoye also extends to brackish waters. It has been shown that the formation of the reproductively isolated lacustrine population of Kildin cod is accompanied by specialization in a number of characteristics (body color, feeding strategy, behavior, etc.) and by a decrease in genetic diversity.

Keywords

Kildin cod morphobiological characteristics genetic polymorphism X-ray microanalysis of otoliths 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Stroganov
    • 1
  • K. I. Afanasiev
    • 2
  • V. A. Burmensky
    • 1
  • L. A. Zhivotovsky
    • 2
  • N. V. Zuykova
    • 3
  • E. A. Kriksunov
    • 1
  • N. V. Mukhina
    • 3
  • M. P. Polyakov
    • 1
  • G. A. Rubtsova
    • 2
  • A. V. Semenova
    • 1
  • A. M. Shadrin
    • 1
  • O. Yu. Frolov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Vavilov Institute of General GeneticsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Knipovich Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and OceanographyMurmanskRussia

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