The morphological and molecular studies provide greater taxonomic resolution for the scleractinian coral identification. The Euphylliidae corals are among the scleractinian family for which their corallite and polyp morphologies have been examined for species identification. However, knowledge on the molecular study for coral identification in Malaysia is very limited. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the morphological structures and phylogenetic analyses for six Euphylliidae coral species using the mitochondrial gene of cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI). The results showed that the Euphylliidae corals are present under both “complex” and “robust” coral clades as supported by many researchers. The result also revealed that the species phylogeny of Euphylliidae corals is in concordances with its morphological structures of corallites. It can be concluded the combination between morphological structures and phylogenetic analyses provide more accurate identification than relying on morphological study alone. Hence, it provides a future direction for the scleractinian research progress in species identification.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Arrigoni, R., Stefani, F., Pichon, M., et al., Molecular phylogeny of the robust clade (Faviidae, Mussidae, Merulinidae, and Pectiniidae): An Indian Ocean perspective, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 2012, vol. 65, pp. 183–193.
Benzoni, F., Stefani, F., Stolarski, J., et al., Debating phylogenetic relationships of the scleractinian Psammocora: molecular and morphological evidences, Contrib. Zool., 2007, vol. 76, pp. 35–54.
Chen, C.A., Wallace, C.C., and Wolstenholme, J., Analysis of the mitochondrial 12S rDNA gene supports a two-clade hypothesis of the evolutionary history of scleractinian corals, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 2002, vol. 23, pp. 137–149.
Chen, I.P., Tang, C.Y., Chiou, C.Y., et al., Comparative analysis of coding and noncoding DNA regions indicate that Acropora (Anthozoa: Scleractina) possesses a similar evolutionary tempo of nuclear vs. mitochondrial genomes as in plants, Mar. Biotechnol., 2009, vol. 11, pp. 141–152.
Forsman, Z.H., Barshis, D.J., Hunter, C.L., et al., Shape-shifting corals: Molecular markers show morphology is evolutionarily plastic in Porites, BMC Evol. Biol., 2009, vol. 9, p. 45.
Fukami, H., Chen, C.A., Budd, A.F., et al., Mitochondrial and nuclear genes suggest that stony corals are monophyletic but most families of stony corals are not (order Scleractinia, class Anthozoa, phylum Cnidaria), PloS One, 2008, vol. 3, p. e3222.
Gittenberger, A., Reijnen, B.T., and Hoeksema, B.W., A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits, Contrib. Zool., 2011, vol. 80, pp. 107–132.
Granados-Cifuentes, C., Bellantuono, A.J., Ridgway, T., et al., High natural gene expression variation in the reef-building coral Acropora millepora: Potential for acclimative and adaptive plasticity, BMC Genomics, 2013, vol. 14, p. 228.
Hall, T.A., BioEdit: A user-friendly biological alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT, Nucl. Acids Symp. Ser., 1999, vol. 41, pp. 95–98.
Hebert, P.D.N., Stoeckle M.Y., Zemlak T.S., et al., Identification of birds through DNA barcodes, PLoS Biol., 2004, vol. 2, pp. 1657–1663.
Hellberg, M.E., No variation and low synonymous substitution rates in coral mtDNA despite high nuclear variation, BMC Evol. Biol., 2006, vol. 6, p. 24.
Kitahara, M.V., Cairns, S.D., Stolarski, J., et al., A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) based on mitochondrial CO1 sequence data, PLoS One, 2010, vol. 5, p. e11490.
Lin, M.F., Luzon, K.S., Licuanan, W.Y., et al., Seventy- four universal primers for characterizing the complete mitochondrial genomes of scleractinian corals (Cnidaria; Anthozoa), Zool. Stud., 2011, vol. 50, pp. 513–524.
Nei, M. and Kumar, S., Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics, New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2000.
Nylander, J.A.A., MrModeltest 2.0. Uppsala: Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, 2004.
Richmond, R.H. and Wolanski, E., Coral research: past efforts and future horizons, in Coral Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition, Dubinsky, Z. and Stambler, N., Eds., New York: Springer-Verlag, 2011, pp. 3–10.
Shearer, T.L., Van Oppen, M.J.H., Romano, S.L., et al., Slow mitochondrial DNA sequence evolution in the Anthozoa (Cnidaria), Mol. Ecol., 2002, vol. 11, pp. 2475–2487.
Stefani, F., Benzoni, F., Pichon, M., et al., Genetic and morphometric evidence for unresolved species boundaries in the coral genus Psammocora (Cnidaria; Scleractinia), Hydrobiologia, 2008, vol. 596, pp. 153–172.
Stolarski, J. and Roniewicz, E., Towards a new synthesis of evolutionary relationships and classification of Scleractinia, J. Paleontol., 2001, vol. 75, pp. 1090–1108.
Stolarski, J., Kitahara, M.V., Miller, D.J., et al., The ancient evolutionary origins of scleractinia revealed by azooxanthellate corals, BMC Evol. Biol., 2011, vol. 11, p. 316.
Tamura, K., Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions when there are strong transition-transversion and G + C-content biases, Mol. Biol. Evol., 1992, vol. 9, pp. 678–687.
Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., et al., MEGA6: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0, Mol. Biol. Evol., 2013, vol. 30, pp. 2725–2729.
van Woesik, R., Scleractinian taxonomy, in Japan International Cooperation Agency Textbook for Special Training Course of Conservation and Sustainable Management of Coral Reefs, 1995, no. 12, pp. 1–10.
Vaughan, T.W. and Wells, J.W., Revision of the suborders families, and genera of the scleractinia, Spec. Pap., Geol. Soc. Am., 1943, vol. 44, pp. 1–394.
Veron, J.E.N., Corals of the World, Vol. 1–3, Townsville: Australian Institute of Marine Science, 2000.
Zlatarski, V.N. and Stake, J.L., The scleractinian corals: a perspective, Geol. Belg., 2012, vol. 15, pp. 370–375.
Original Russian Text © Khodzori Fikri Akmal, Saad Shahbudin, Nordin Noor Faizul Hadry, Ku Sulong Ku Abdullah ‘Ulwan, Mat Zain Khairul Amira, 2017, published in Biologiya Morya.
The article is published in the original.
About this article
Cite this article
Akmal, K.F., Shahbudin, S., Hadry, N.N.F. et al. Taxonomic status of Euphylliidae corals in Peninsular Malaysia based on morphological structures and phylogenetic analyses using mitochondrial COI gene. Russ J Mar Biol 43, 118–126 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063074017020055