Skip to main content
Log in

Analysis of Oxidation of Sulfide Minerals in Copper–Nickel Deposits

  • MINERAL DRESSING
  • Published:
Journal of Mining Science Aims and scope

Abstract

The oxidation-induced alteration of properties of sulfide minerals is analyzed. The air-and-gas content and thermodynamic parameters of mine air are experimentally investigated as a case-study of blind roadways in sulfide deposits at a depth of 300–1500 m. The microclimate conditions of sulfide ore oxidation are determined and used in design of two laboratory testing machines with oxidation in a bubbling chamber. It is found that oxidation of sulfides runs more violently in air saturated with steam than in water saturated with oxygen. The tests included two oxidation scenarios: oxygen sorption in surface layer and sulfur oxidation with leaching of metal. On the surface of sulfide ore samples, heterotrophic and chemolitotrophic bacteria which can absorb oxygen from mine air are detected. The highest number of the bacteria is present on the surface of high-grade ore.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

Similar content being viewed by others

REFERENCES

  1. Federal’nye normy i pravila v oblasti promyshlennoi bezopasnosti “Pravila bezopasnosti pri vedenii gornykh rabot i pererabotke tverdykh poleznykh iskopayemykh”. Utverzhdeny prikazom Federal’noi sluzhby po ekologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru ot 08.12.2020 g. no. 505, 2021 (Federal Standards and Rules in the Field of Industrial Safety: Safety Rules for Mining and Processing of Solid Minerals. Approved by the Order of the Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision on 08.12.2020, no. 505, 2020).

  2. Levin, L.Yu., Kormshchikov, D.S., and Grishin, E.L., Investigation of the Processes of Changing the Mine Atmosphere to Determine the Causes of a Group Accident that Occurred at One of the Mines of the Russian Federation, Gorn. Ekho, 2020, no. 3, pp. 115–119.

  3. Masloboev, V.A., Seleznev, S.G., Makarov, D.V., and Svetlov, A.V., Assessment of Eco-Hazard of Copper-Nickel Ore Mining and Processing Waste, J. Min. Sci., 2014, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 559–572.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Bocharov, V.A., About Sorption of Oxygen on the Surface of Sulfides and Thermodynamic Assessment of Their Oxidizability in Water Solutions, Tsvet. Metally, 1970, no. 3, pp. 76–78.

  5. Lowson, R.T., Aqueous Oxidation of Pyrite by Molecular Oxygen, Chem. Rev., 1982, no. 5, pp. 461–497.

  6. Ponomarev, V.D. and Ponomareva, E.I., Shchelochnye gidrokhimicheskie sposoby pererabotki polimetallicheskikh produktov (Alkaline Hydrochemical Techniques for the Processing of Polymetallic Products), Alma-Ata: Nauka, 1969.

    Google Scholar 

  7. O’Brien, D.J. and Birkner, F.B., Kinetics of Oxygenation of Reduced Sulfur Species in Aqueous Solution, Env. Sci. Technol., 1977, vol. 1, no. 12, pp. 1114–1120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Shaw, S.C., Groat, L.A., Jambor, J.L., Blowes, D.W., Hanton-Fong, C.J., and Stuparyk, R.A., Mineralogical Study of Base Metal Tailings with Various Sulfide Contents, Oxidized in Laboratory Columns and Field Lysimeters, Env. Geol., 1998, vol. 33, nos. 2–3, pp. 209–217.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Sveshnikov, G.B., Elektrokhimicheskie protsessy na sul’fidnykh mestorozhdeniyakh (Electrochemical Processes in Sulfide Deposits), Leningrad: LGU, 1967.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Chanturia, V.A. and Vigdergauz, V.E., Elektrokhimiya sul’fidov: teoriya i praktika flotatsii (Sulfide Electrochemistry: Theory and Practice of Flotation), Moscow: Ruda i Metally, 2008.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Karavaiko, G.I., Kuznetsov, S.I., and Golomzik, A.I., Rol’ mikroorganizmov v vyshchelachivanii metallov iz rud (The Role of Microorganisms in the Leaching of Metals from Ores), Moscow: Nauka, 1972.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Lyalikova, N.N., The Role of Bacteria in the Oxidation of Sulfide Ores, Trudy Instistuta mikrobiologii AN SSSR, no. 9, pp. 134–143, Moscow: AN SSSR, 1961.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Pol’kin, S.I., Adamov, E.V., and Panin, V.V., Tekhnologiya bakterial’nogo vyshchelachivaniya tsvetnykh i redkikh metallov (Technology of Bacterial Leaching of Nonferrous and Rare Metals), Moscow: Nedra, 1982.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Yakhontova, L.K. and Zvereva, V.P., Osnovy mineralogii gipergeneza (Fundamentals of Mineralogy of Hypergenesis), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2000.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Ausbel, F.M., Brent, R., Kingston, R.E., Moore, D.D., Seidman, J.G., Smith, J.A., and Struhl, K. (eds.), Short Protocols in Molecular Biology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Bashlykova, T.V., Pakhomova, G.A., Lagov, B.S., Zhivaeva, A.B., Doroshenko, M.V., Makavetskas, A.R., and Shul’ga, T.O., Tekhnologicheskie aspekty ratsional’nogo nedropol’zovaniya. Rol’ tekhnologicheskoi otsenki v razvitii i upravlenii mineral’no-syr’yevoi bazoi strany (Technological Aspects of Rational Subsoil Use. The Role of Technological Assessment in the Development and Management of the National Mineral Resources), Moscow: MISIS, 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Khomchenkova, A.S., Studying the Effect of Different Concentrations of Heavy Metal Salts on the Growth of a Culture of Acidophilic Chemolithotrophic Microorganisms, GIAB, special iss. no. 31 Kamchatka-3, 2016, no. 11, pp. 217–222.

  18. RD 52.24.405-2018. Massovaya kontsentratsiya sul’fatov v vodakh. Metodika izmerenii turbidimetricheskim metodom: utverzhdena Rosgidrometom ot 17.08.2018 g., no. 358, 2018 (Guiding Document 52.24.405-2018. Mass Concentration of Sulfates in Waters. Turbidimetric Measuring Method: Approved by Rosgidromet on 17.08.2018, no. 358, 2018).

  19. RD 52.24.483-2005. Massovaya kontsentratsiya sul’fatov v vodakh. Metodika vypolneniya izmerenii gravimetricheskim metodom: utverzhdena Rosgidrometom ot 01.01.2005 g., 2005 (Guiding Document 52.24.483-2005. Mass Concentration of Sulfates in Waters. Gravimetric Measurement Method: Approved by Rosgidromet on 01.01.2005, 2005).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. V. Mal’tsev.

Additional information

Translated from Fiziko-Tekhnicheskie Problemy Razrabotki Poleznykh Iskopaemykh, 2022, No. 2, pp. 128-139. https://doi.org/10.15372/FTPRPI20220212.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mal’tsev, S.V., Chaikovskii, I.I., Grishin, E.L. et al. Analysis of Oxidation of Sulfide Minerals in Copper–Nickel Deposits. J Min Sci 58, 289–299 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062739122020120

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062739122020120

Keywords

Navigation