Advertisement

Journal of Mining Science

, Volume 52, Issue 5, pp 892–898 | Cite as

Physical simulation and theoretical estimate of gravity-induced horizontal stress in rocks

  • I. L. Pan’kov
Geomechanics
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

Gravity-induced horizontal stress in rocks is assessed in the framework of physical simulation using a flexible thin-walled cylinder. Compression of loose geo-materials changes diameter of the cylinder, which allows estimating horizontal stress. The observed dependences with various compacted geo-materials are then theoretically approximated based on characteristics of porosity, rock deformation modulus and Poisson’s ratio. The obtained relations are applicable to estimation of gravity-induced horizontal stress in an intact rock mass.

Keywords

Horizontal stress gravity consolidating rocks porosity deformation modulus Poisson’s ratio 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baklashov, I.V. and Kartoziya, B.A., Mekhanika gornykh porod (Rock Mechanics), Moscow: Nedra, 1975.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kaspar’yan, E.V., Kozyrev, A.S., Iofis, M.A., and Makarov, A.B., Geomekhanika: ucheb. posob. (Geomechanics: Educational Aid), Moscow: Vyssh. shk., 2006.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Borshch-Komponiets, V.I., Prakticheskaya mekhanika gornykh porod (Practical Rock Mechanics), Moscow: Gornaya kniga, 2013.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Makarov, A.B., Prakticheskaya mekhanika: posobie dlya gornykh inzhenerov (Practical Mechanics: Guidance for Mining Engineers), Moscow: Gornaya kniga, 2006.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Heim, A., Untersuchungen uber den Mechanismus der Gebirgsbildung, 1878, Bd. 1–2, Atlas, Basel.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dinnik, A.N, Rock Pressure and Support Design for Circular Tunnels, Inzh. Rab., 1925, no. 7, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kaspar’yan, E.V., Ustoichivost’ gornykh vyrabotok v skal’nykh massivakh (Stability of Mine Workings in Hard Rocks), Leningrad: Nauka, 1985.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vasil’ev, L.M, Mechanism of Normal Horizontal Stresses in Rock, GIAB, 2008, no. 5, pp. 190–195.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Olovyanny, A.G, Horizontal Stress in Rocks, Zap. Gorn. Inst., 2010, vol. 185, pp. 141–147.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Siidov, V.N. and Pupkov, V.S, Modulus of Deformation and Horizontal Earth Pressure Coefficient in Broken Rocks, Sb. Nauch. Trudov DonGTU, 2011, no. 34, pp. 81–88.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kartashov, Yu.M., Matveev, B.V., Mikheev, G.V., and Fadeev, A.B., Prochnost’ i deformiruemost’ gornykh porod (Strength and Deformability of Rocks), Moscow: Nedra, 1979.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Popov, A.N., Golovkina, N.N., and Ismakov, R.A, Determination of Horizontal Earth Pressure Coefficient in Rocks by Field Data, Neftegaz. Delo, 2005, no. 2, URL: http://ogbus.ru/authors/Popov/Popov_1.pdf.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pan’kov, I.L. and Novoselova, I.G, Experimental Studies of the Energy of Stick-Slip Effect at Contact of Rock and Metal, Nauch. Issled. Innovats., 2011, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 153–155.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dibir, A.G., Makarov, O.V., Pekel’ny, N.I., Yudin, G.I., and Grebennikov, M.N., Prakticheskie raschety na prochnost’ konstruktivnykh elementov: ucheb. posob. (Practical Calculations of Strength of Structural Elements: Educational Aid), Kharkov: KhAI, 2007.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Timoshenko, S.P. and Voinovsky-Kriger, S. Plastinki i obolochki (Plates and Shells), Moscow: Nauka, 1966.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mining Institute, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesPermRussia
  2. 2.Perm National Research Polytechnic UniversityPermRussia

Personalised recommendations