Russian Journal of Developmental Biology

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 79–86 | Cite as

Dependence of Root Cell Growth and Division on Root Diameter

  • E. I. Bystrova
  • N. V. Zhukovskaya
  • V. B. Ivanov
Developmental Biology of Plants


Primary roots of 98 species from different families of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants and adventitious roots obtained from bulbs and rhizomes of 24 monocot species were studied. Root growth rate, root diameter, length of the meristem and elongation zones, number of meristematic cells in a file of cortical cells, and length of fully elongated cells were evaluated in each species after the onset of steady growth. The mitotic cycle duration and relative cell elongation rate were calculated. In all species, the meristem length was approximately equal to two root diameters. When comparing different species, the rate of root growth increased with a larger root diameter. This was due to an increase in the number of meristematic cells in a row and, to a lesser degree, to a greater length of fully elongated cells. The duration of the mitotic cycle and the relative cell elongation rate did not correlate with the root diameter. It is suggested that the meristem size depends on the level of nutrient inflow from upper tissues, and is thereby controlled during further growth.


correlation dicots monocots root diameter root growth root meristem 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. I. Bystrova
    • 1
  • N. V. Zhukovskaya
    • 1
  • V. B. Ivanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Timiryazev Institute of Plant PhysiologyMoscowRussia

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