Biological Efficiency of the Prepupae Hermetia illucens in the Diet of the Young Mozambique Tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus

Abstract

It has been noted that the introduction of small doses of dry prepupae of Hermetia illucens flies into the diet of the young Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus (0.5 g/kg feed) had a positive effect on the growth and development of fish. It was found that the average daily gain in the experimental group was 0.7 g. It was established that the blood biochemical parameters were within the norm in the fish of all groups; however, in the experimental tilapia, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate was significantly lower and a tendency to increase in the amount of hemoglobin and glucose was noted. It was revealed that in the seminiferous tubules of fish in the experimental group, the number of mature sperm was 5.9 times higher compared with the control, indicating an increase in the rate of spermatogenesis. It is assumed that the observed effects are due to the high content of manganese in the prepupae present in a biologically active divalent form.

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Correspondence to N. A. Ushakova.

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Original Russian Text © N.A. Ushakova, S.V. Ponomarev, Yu.M. Bakaneva, Yu.V. Fedorovykh, O.A. Levina, A.V. Kotel’nikov, S.V. Kotel’nikova, A.I. Bastrakov, A.A. Kozlova, D.S. Pavlov, 2018, published in Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, Seriya Biologicheskaya, 2018, No. 4.

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Ushakova, N.A., Ponomarev, S.V., Bakaneva, Y.M. et al. Biological Efficiency of the Prepupae Hermetia illucens in the Diet of the Young Mozambique Tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Biol Bull Russ Acad Sci 45, 382–387 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062359018040143

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