Advertisement

Biology Bulletin

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 288–297 | Cite as

Contribution of Old Growth Forests to the Carbon Budget of the Boreal Zone in Central Siberia

  • E. F. VedrovaEmail author
  • L. V. Mukhortova
  • O. V. Trefilova
Ecology

Abstract

Old growth (mature and overmature) forests of Central Siberia accumulate carbon not only in the biomass but also in the phytodetritus, including in coarse woody debris (CWD), due to the slow seasonally depressed decomposition of organic matter. Slowly decomposing and accumulating on the soil surface stock of CWD, as a soil humus, serves as a long-term carbon pool in boreal forest ecosystems.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Asker, S.A., Halpern, C.B., Harmon, M.E., and Dy-Rness, C.T., Trends in bole biomass accumulation, net primary production and tree mortality in Pseudotsuga menziesii forests of contrasting age, Tree Physiol., 2002, vol. 22, pp. 213–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Binkley, D., Stape, I., Ryan, M., Bamard, H., and Fownes, J., Age-related decline in forest ecosystem growth: an individualtree, stand-structure hypothesis, Ecosystems, 2002, vol. 5, pp. 58–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Desai, A.R., Bolstad, D.P., Cook, B.D., Davis, K.J., and Carey, E.V., Comparing net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide between an old-growth and mature forest in the upper Midwest, USA, Agricult. Forest Meteorol., 2005, vol. 128, pp. 33–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Furyaev, V.V., The impact of fires and mass-scale outbreaks of Siberian moth on the formation of forests of the Ket–Chulym interfluve, in Voprosy lesovedeniya (Problems of Forest Science), Krasnoyarsk: Inst. lesa i drevesiny SO AN SSSR, 1970, vol. 1, pp. 408–421.Google Scholar
  5. Gorbachev, V.N. and Popova, E.P., Pochvennyi pokrov yuzhnoi taigi Srednei Sibiri (The Soil Cover of the Southern Taiga of Central Siberia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1992.Google Scholar
  6. Gover, S.N., McMurtrie, R.E., and Murty, D., Aboveground net primary production decline with stand age: potential causes, Trends Ecol. Evol., 1966, vol. 11, pp. 378–382.Google Scholar
  7. Harmon, M.E., Ferrell, W.K., and Franklin, J.F., Effects on carbon storage of conversion of old-growth forests to young forests, Science, 1990, vol. 247, pp. 699–702.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Kira, T. and Shidei, T., Primary production and turnover of organic matter in different forest ecosystems of the western pacific, Jap. J. Ecol., 1967, vol. 17, pp. 70–87.Google Scholar
  9. Knohl, A., Schulze, E.-D., Kolle, O., and Buchmann, N., Large carbon uptake by an unmanaged 250-year-old deciduous forest in Central Germany, Agricult. Forest Meteorol., 2003, vol. 118, pp. 151–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Korotkov, I.A., Forest site zoning of Russia and the former Soviet republics, in Uglerod v ekosistemakh lesov i bolot Rossii (Carbon in Forest and Wetland Ecosystems of Russia), Krasnoyarsk: IL SO RAN, 2002, pp. 29–47.Google Scholar
  11. Koshurnikova, N.N., Carbon budget in the dark coniferous forests of southern taiga, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Krasnoyarsk: IL SO RAN, 2007.Google Scholar
  12. Krasekha, E.N. and Korsunova, T.M., Pochvy podtaigi sredinnogo regiona Sibiri (Soils of the Subtaiga Zone of the Central Region of Siberia), Krasnoyarsk: Izd. Krasnoyarsk. Univ., 1985.Google Scholar
  13. Krasnoshchekov, Yu.N., Sorokin, N.D., Bezkorovainaya, I.N., and Yashikhin, G.I., Ecological and biological characteristics of soils of northern taiga of the Yenisei Siberia, Pochvovedenie, 2001, no. 1, pp. 18–28.Google Scholar
  14. Kuz’michev, V.V., Mindeeva, T.N., and Kachaev, A.V., Features of the forest-forming process in the dark coniferous forests of the central part of the Krasnoyarsk krai, Lesovedenie, 1999, no. 3, pp. 24–29.Google Scholar
  15. Kuz’michev, V.V., Cherkashin, V.P., Korets, M.A., and Mikhailova, I.A., Formation of forests on the silkworm-affected sites and clearings in the upper reaches of the Bolshaya Ket River (Krasnoyarsk krai), Lesovedenie, 2001, no. 4, pp. 8–14.Google Scholar
  16. Lesnye ekosistemy Eniseiskogo meridiana (Forest Ecosystems of the Yenisei Transect), Novosibirsk: Izd. SO RAN, 2002, pp. 206–287.Google Scholar
  17. Luyssaert, S., Schulze, E.-D., Börner, A., Knohl, A., Hessenmööller, D.E., Law, B.E., Ciais, Ph., and Grace, J., Old-growth forest as global carbon sinks, Nature, 2008, vol. 455, pp. 213–215.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Melillo, J.M., Prentice, I.C., Farquhar, G.D., Schulze, E.-D., and Sala, O.E., Terrestrial biotic responses to environmental change and feedbacks to climate, in Climate Change: Science of Climate Change, Houghton, J.T., Callander, B.A., and Varney, S.K., Eds., New York: Cambr. Univ. Press, 1995, pp. 444–481.Google Scholar
  19. Mukhortova, L.V., Analysis of transformations of the forest litter in the 25-year-old conifer cultures, Lesovedenie, 2008, no. 5, pp. 36–44.Google Scholar
  20. Mukhortova, L.V. and Vedrova, E.F., Contribution of large woody debris to the stocks of organic matter in forest ecosystems of after-clearing restorative successions, Lesovedenie, 2012, no. 6, pp. 52–59.Google Scholar
  21. Mukhortova, L., Carbon and nutrient release during decomposition of coarse woody debris in forest ecosystems of Central Siberia, Folia Forestalia Polonica. Ser. A—Forestry, 2012, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 71–83.Google Scholar
  22. Odum, E.P., The strategy of ecosystem development, Science, 1969, vol. 164, pp. 262–269.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Pregitzer, K.S. and Euskirchen, E.S., Carbon cycling and storage in world forests: biome patterns related to forest age, Glob. Change Biol., 2004, vol. 10, pp. 2052–2077.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Stakanov, V.D., Characteristics of the forest cover, in Lesnye ekosistemy Eniseiskogo meridiana (Forest Ecosystems of the Yenisei Transect), Novosibirsk: Izd. SO RAN, 2002, pp. 19–24.Google Scholar
  25. Trefilova, O.V., Vedrova, E.F., and Kuz’michev, V.V., The annual cycle of carbon in the green moss pine forest of the Yenisei Plain, Lesovedenie, 2011, no. 1, pp. 3–12.Google Scholar
  26. Trefilova, O.V., Vedrova, E.F., and Oskorbin, P.A., The stock and structure of large woody debris in the pine forests of the Yenisei plain, Lesovedenie, 2009, no. 4, pp. 16–23.Google Scholar
  27. Utkin, A.I., Zamolodchikov, D.G., Chestnykh, O.V., Korovin, G.N., and Zukert, N.V., Forests of Russia as a reservoir of organic carbon of the biosphere, Lesovedenie, 2001, no. 5, pp. 8–33.Google Scholar
  28. Vedrova, E.F., Decomposition of organic matter of forest litters, Pochvovedenie, 1997, no. 2, pp. 216–223.Google Scholar
  29. Vedrova, E.F., Shugaley, L.S., and Stakanov, V.D., Carbon balance in natural and disturbed forests of southern taiga in Central Siberia, J. Veget. Sci., 2002a, vol. 13, pp. 341–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vedrova, E.F., Pleshikov, F.I., and Kaplunov, V.Ya., The structure of the organic matter of northern boreal ecosystems of Central Siberia, Lesovedenie, 2002b, no. 6, pp. 3–12.Google Scholar
  31. Vedrova, E.F., Destructive processes in the carbon cycle of forest ecosystems of the Yenisei Transect, Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Krasnoyarsk: IL SO RAN, 2005.Google Scholar
  32. Vedrova, E.F., Pleshikov, F.I., and Kaplunov, V.Ya., Net ecosystem production of boreal larch ecosystems on the Yenisei transect, Mitigat. Adapt. Strateg. Global Change, 2006, no. 11, pp. 173–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vedrova, E.F. and Koshurnikova, N.N., Mass and composition of phytodetritus in the dark coniferous forests of the southern taiga, Lesovedenie, 2007, no. 5, pp. 3–12.Google Scholar
  34. Vedrova, E.F., The intensity of the destruction of organic matter of gray soils in forest ecosystems of the southern taiga of Central Siberia, Pochvovedenie, 2008, no. 8, pp. 973–982.Google Scholar
  35. Vedrova, E.F., Biogeneous carbon fluxes in the boreal forests of Central Siberia, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2011, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 65–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhow, G.Y., Liu, S., Li, Z., Zhang, D., Tang, X., Zhou, C., Yan, I., and Mo, J., Old-growth forest can accumulate carbon in soils, Science, 2006, vol. 314, p. 1417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. F. Vedrova
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. V. Mukhortova
    • 1
  • O. V. Trefilova
    • 1
  1. 1.Sukachev Institute of Forests, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesKrasnoyarskRussia

Personalised recommendations