Biology Bulletin

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 1316–1323 | Cite as

Dynamics of the Abundance and Community Structure of Small Mammals in the Saratov Trans-Volga Region

  • A. A. Tsvetkova
  • M. L. Oparin


A typical feature of the populations of small mammals in different areas of the Saratov Trans-Volga region is the long-term and constantly increasing abundance of Sylvaemus uralensis and its wide distribution in a variety of habitats. The maximal abundance of S. uralensis is 72.0 individuals per 100 trap-days, and its share in catches is 73.0%. The abundance of Microtus arvalis tends to increase. It was shown that Lagurus lagurus has been found again in the steppe zone, on fallow lands and fields, after a prolonged depression in 2012–2013, the average density of species being 4.0 individuals per 100 trap-days. A high abundance of other typical steppe inhabitants (Allocricetulus eversmanni and Ellobius talpinus) was noted as well. The highest indices of species diversity (H = 1.18) are typical of fallow lands.


small mammals population dynamics habitats steppe species 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bashenina, N.V., Puti adaptatsii myshevidnykh gryzunov (Pathways of Adaptation of Muroid Rodents), Moscow: Nauka, 1977.Google Scholar
  2. Bobretsov, A.V., Anufriev, V.M., and Brattsev, A.A., Climate changes is the Northeast of the European part of Russia and their impact on the biota of the North Cis-Urals, in Vliyanie izmeneniya klimata na ekosistemy (The Impact of Climate Change on Ecosystems), Moscow: Russkii universitet, 2001, pp. 48–55.Google Scholar
  3. Chitty, D., Population processes in the voles and their relevance to general theory, Can. J. Zool., 1960, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 99–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cornulier, T., Yoccoz, N.G., Bretagnolle, V., Brommer, J.E., Butet, A., Ecke, F., Elsto, D.A., Framstad, E., Henttonen, H., Hörnfeldt, B., Huitu, O., Imholt, C., Ims, R.A., Jacob, J., Jedrzejewska, B., Millon, A., Petty, S.J., Pietiäinen, H., Tkadlec, E., Zub, K., and Lambin, X., Europe-wide dampening of population cycles in keystone herbivores, Science, 2013, vol. 340, no. 6128, pp. 63–66.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Davidovich, V.F., The mammalian fauna and the population dynamics of some rodents in the Saratov oblast, Zool. Zh., 1964, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 1366–1372.Google Scholar
  6. Duvanova, I.A., Khitsova, L.N., Nedosekin, V.Yu., and Drozdova, V.F., Factors of change in the abundance of the Ural field mouse (Apodemus uralensis Pall.) under conditions of limestone North of the Central Russian Upland, Vestn. Nizhegorod. Univ. im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, 2010, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 112–116.Google Scholar
  7. Durand, B. and Odell, P., Klasternyi analiz (Cluster Analysis), Moscow: Statistika, 1977.Google Scholar
  8. Elpat’evskii, V.S., Larina, N.I., and Golikova, V.L., Mammals of the Saratov oblast, Uchen. Zap. Sarat. Univ., 1950, vol. 26, pp. 59–65.Google Scholar
  9. Flint, V.E., Materials on biology of southern birch mouse, Zool. Zh., 1960, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 942–946.Google Scholar
  10. Gromov, I.M. and Erbaeva, M.A., Mlekopitayushchie fauny Rossii i sopredel’nykh territorii (Zaitseobraznye i gryzuny) (Mammals of Russia and Adjacent Territories (Lagomorphs and Rodents)), St. Petersburg: Nauka. S.-Peterb. otd., 1995.Google Scholar
  11. Hammer, O., Harper, D.A.T., and Ryan, P.D., Past2, Natural History Museum [Electronic resource], Oslo: University of Oslo, 2008. (accessed May 25, 2016).Google Scholar
  12. Istomin, A.V., Some responses of the biota to climate change in forest landscapes of the Caspian-Baltic watershed, Vestn. Ros. Gos. Univ. im. I. Kanta, 2009, no. 7, pp. 15–22.Google Scholar
  13. Karaseva, E.V., Telitsyna, A.Yu., and Zhigal’skii, O.A., Metody izucheniya gryzunov v polevykh usloviyakh (Methods of Studying Rodents in the Field), Moscow: Laki, 2008.Google Scholar
  14. Khodashova, K.S., Prirodnaya sreda i zhivotnyi mir glinistykh polupustyn’ Zavolzh’ya (Natural Environment and Fauna of the Clay Semideserts of the Trans-Volga Region), Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1960.Google Scholar
  15. Kozlov, P.S., Biology of the steppe lemming (Lagurus lagurus Pall.) in the Volskii District, Tr. Vol’sk. Okruzh. Nauch.-Obrazovat. Muzeya, Vol’sk, 1929.Google Scholar
  16. Kucheruk, V.V. and Korenberg, E.I., Quantitative counts of the key homeothermic carriers of diseases, in Metody izucheniya prirodnykh ochagov boleznei cheloveka (Methods of Studying Natural Foci of Human Diseases), Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1964, pp. 129–154.Google Scholar
  17. Larina, N.I. and Guryleva, G.M., Ecological-faunistic complexes of mammals, in Voprosy biogeografii Srednego i Nizhnego Povolzh’ya (Problems of Biogeography of the Middle and Lower Volga Regions), Saratov: Izd. Sarat. Univ., 1968, pp. 105–132.Google Scholar
  18. Levitskaya, N.G., Shatalova, O.V., and Ivanova, G.F., Assessment of current trends in climate changes and their consequences for agricultural production in the Lower Volga region, in Povyshenie effektivnosti ispol’zovaniya agroklimaticheskogo potentsiala yugo-vostochnoi zony Rossii (An Increase in the Efficiency of Use of the Agroclimatic Potential of the South-Eastern Zone of Russia), Saratov: GNU NIISKh Yugo-Vostoka, 2005, pp. 273–284.Google Scholar
  19. Megarran, E., Ekologicheskoe raznoobrazie i ego izmerenie (Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement), Moscow: Mir, 1992.Google Scholar
  20. Novikov, G.A., Polevye issledovaniya po ekologii nazemnykh pozvonochnykh (Field Studies on the Ecology of Terrestrial Vertebrates), Moscow: Sov. Nauka, 1953.Google Scholar
  21. Ognev, S.I., Zveri SSSR i prilezhashchikh stran (Zveri Vostochnoi Evropy i Severnoi Azii). Gryzuny (Animals of the USSR and Adjacent Countries (Animals of Eastern Europe and Northern Asia). Rodents), Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1950, vol. 7.Google Scholar
  22. Okulova, N.M., Experience of study of a long-term dynamics of abundance of mammals, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2009, no. 2, pp. 125–136.Google Scholar
  23. Oparin, M.L., Anthropogenic transformation and restoration of the natural biota in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Volga and the Trans-Caucasus, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow, 2007.Google Scholar
  24. Oparin, M.L., Oparina, O.S., Kondratenkov, I.A., Usov, A.S., and Sludskii, A.A., Long-term population dynamics of mammals of the steppe Trans-Volga region in the changing anthropogenic loads and climate cyclicity, Byul. MOIP. Otd. Biol., 2005, vol. 110, no. 4, pp. 40–50.Google Scholar
  25. Oparin, M.L., Changes in the population of rodents of typical and dry steppes of the Trans-Volga region in the 19th century, Tr. Zool. Inst. RAN, 2005a, vol. 306: Sistematika, paleontologiya i filogeniya gryzunov (Systematics, Palaeontology, and Phylogeny of Rodents), pp. 82–101.Google Scholar
  26. Oparin, M.L., Oparina, O.S., Matrosov, A.N., and Kuznetsov, A.A., The dynamics of mammalian fauna of the steppes between Volga and Ural in the last century, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2010, no. 1, pp. 71–85.Google Scholar
  27. Oparin, M.L., Oparina, O.S., and Trofimova, L.S., Zakonomernosti dinamiki bioresursov stepnykh landshaftov (Patterns of the Dynamics of Biological Resources of Steppe Landscapes), Saratov: Izd. Sarat. Univ., 2016.Google Scholar
  28. Orlov, E.I. and Kaizer, G.A., Hunting and industrial value of Prieruslanskie sands of the Volga German ASSR, Uchen. Zap. Sarat. Univ., 1933, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 111–158.Google Scholar
  29. Pavlinov, I.Ya., Sistematika sovremennykh mlekopitayushchikh (Systematics of Modern Mammals), in Sb. Tr. Zool. muzeya MGU (Transactions of the Zoological Museum of Moscow State University), Moscow: Izd. MGU, 2003, vol. XLVI.Google Scholar
  30. Puzachenko, A.Yu. and Vlasov, A.A., General patterns of long-term dynamics of abundance of common species of small mammals in the Streletskaya Steppe and their relationship with the climate dynamics (multivariate analysis), in Tr. Tsentr.-Chernozemn. Gos. zapovednika (Transactions of the Central Chernozem State Reserve), vol. 16: Analiz mnogoletnikh dannykh monitoringa prirodnykh ekosistem Tsentral’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (The Analysis of Long-Term Monitoring Data of Natural Ecosystems of the Central Chernozem Reserve), Tula, 2000, pp 152–170.Google Scholar
  31. Sazhin, A.N., Prirodno-klimaticheskii potentsial Volgogradskoi oblasti. Nauchnoe issledovanie prirodno-klimaticheskikh resursov oblasti za 100-letnii period (Natural-Climatic Potential of the Volgograd Oblast. The Scientific Study of Climatic Resources of the Region for the 100-Year Period), Volgorgad: Izd. Volgogr. S.-Kh. Inst., 1993.Google Scholar
  32. Shchepot’ev, N.V., Muroid rodents of railway snow protection forest belts of the Lower Volga region, Gryzuny i bor’ba s nimi, 1957, no. 5, pp. 155–166.Google Scholar
  33. Shchepot’ev, N.V., On the structure of populations of wood mouse Apodemus sylvaticus in some habitats of the Lower Volga region, Zool. Zh., 1972, vol. 51, no. 7, pp. 1054–1063.Google Scholar
  34. Shchepot’ev, N.V., Essay of the distribution and station placement of some species of muroid rodents in the Lower Volga region, in Fauna i ekologiya gryzunov (Fauna and Ecology of Rodents), Moscow: Izd. MGU, 1975, vol. 12, pp. 62–97.Google Scholar
  35. Shenbrot, G.I., Sokolov, V.E., Geptner, V.G., and Koval’skaya, Yu.M., Mlekopitayushchie Rossii i sopredel’nykh regionov. Tushkanchikoobraznye (Mammals of Russia and Adjacent Regions. Dipodidae), Moscow: Nauka, 1995.Google Scholar
  36. Silant’ev, A.A., The fauna of Pady, in Pady. Imenie V.A. Naryshkina: estestvenno-istoricheskii ocherk (Pady. Estate of V.A. Naryshkin: A Natural History Essay), St. Petersburg: Tipografiya E. Evdokimova, 1894, pp. 235–390.Google Scholar
  37. Stroganova, A.S., Mammals of the steppe and semidesert Trans-Volga region, Tr. Zool. Inst. AN SSSR, 1954, vol. 16, pp. 30–116.Google Scholar
  38. Tikhonova, G.N., Tikhonov, I.A., Surov, A.V., Oparin, M.L., Bogomolov, P.L., and Koval’skaya, Yu.M., Ecological characteristics of common species of rodents of the steppes in the lower reaches of the Volga and Don rivers, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2005, no. 3, pp. 281–291.Google Scholar
  39. Tsvetkova, A.A., Biological features of two Sicista species (Sicista subtilis Pall, 1783 and Sicista bitulina Pall, 1775) in their cohabitation areas, Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Sverdlovsk, 1979.Google Scholar
  40. Tsvetkova, A.A., Abundance and seasonal changes in the distribution of small mammals in the Saratov right bank of the Volga region, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2008, no. 4, pp. 368–374.Google Scholar
  41. Tsvetkova, A.A., Population structure, abundance, and population indices of small mammals in the Saratov right bank of the Volga region, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2010, no. 4, pp. 423–437.Google Scholar
  42. Tsvetkova, A.A. and Oparin, M.L., Steppe lemming (Lagurus lagurus Pallas, 1778) in the steppes of the Volga region of Saratov oblast, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2013, no. 2, pp. 231–236.Google Scholar
  43. Tupikova, N.V., Khlyap, L.A., and Varshavskii, A.A., Rodents of fields of the Northeastern Palearctic, Zool. Zh., 2000, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 480–494.Google Scholar
  44. Whittaker, R., Soobshchestva i ekosistemy (Communities and Ecosystems), Moscow: Progress, 1980.Google Scholar
  45. Zolotokrylin, A.N. and Cherenkova, E.A., Changes in the indices of the ratio of heat and moisture and biological productivity in the zonal plain landscapes of Russia in the second half of the 20th century, Izv. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Geogr., 2006, no. 3, pp. 19–28.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesSaratovRussia

Personalised recommendations