Biology Bulletin

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 1246–1251 | Cite as

Earthworms (Lumbricidae, Annelida) as a Component of Artificial Forest Ecosystems in the Northern Caspian Semidesert



The results of an ongoing 50-year experiment of introduction of the species Eisenia nordenskioldi into massive oak plantations (Quercus robur L.) in the Northern Caspian semidesert are analyzed. The change in the quantitative proportion of the dominant earthworm species due to the growth and conditions of forest cultures as well as their impact on meadow-chestnut soils is considered.


earthworms oak forest plantations introduction soil transformation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arnol’di, K.V., Perel, T.S., and Sharova, I.Kh., Influence of artificial forest plantations on soil invertebrates of a clay semidesert, in Zhivotnye iskusstvennykh lesnykh nasazhdenii v glinistoi polupustyne (Animals of Artificial Forest Plantations in a Clay Semidesert), Moscow: Nauka, 1971, pp. 34–55.Google Scholar
  2. Basker, A., Macgregor, A., and Rirkman, J., Influence of soil ingestion by earthworms on the availability of potassium in soils: an incubation experiment, Biol. Fertil. Soils, 1992, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 300–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Biogeotsenoticheskie osnovy osvoeniya polupustyni Severnogo Prikaspiya (Biogeocenotic Bases of Development of the Semidesert of the Northern Caspian Region), Moscow: Nauka, 1974.Google Scholar
  4. Gilyarov, M.S., Zoologicheskii metod diagnostiki pochv (Zoological Method of Soil Diagnostics), Moscow: Nauka, 1965.Google Scholar
  5. Gordeeva, T.K. and Larin, I.V., Estestvennaya rastitel’nost’ polupustyni Prikaspiya kak kormovaya baza zhivotnovodstva (Natural Vegetation of the Semidesert of Caspian Lowland as a Livestock Feed Base), Moscow: Nauka, 1965.Google Scholar
  6. Khruleva, O.A., Chernov, Yu.I., Korotyaev, B.A., and Piterkina, T.V., Beetles of the superfamily Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) of a complex semidesert in relation to climate change in the Northern Cis-Caspian region, Zool. Zh., 2011, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 311–324.Google Scholar
  7. Kopyl, I.V. and Nikolaev, V.A., Physical-geographical zoning of the Caspian Depression based on satellite imagery, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 5: Geogr., 1984, no. 1, pp 65–70.Google Scholar
  8. Kulakova, N.Yu., Effect of afforestation on the content of major nutrients in meadow–chestnut soil in depressions of the Northern Caspian semidesert, Agrokhimiya, 2010, no. 5, pp. 22–28.Google Scholar
  9. Olovyannikova, I.N., Forest litter in the Siberian elm plantations with rook colonies, Euras. Soil. Sci., 2000, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1186–1192.Google Scholar
  10. Orlov, D.S., Gumusovye kisloty pochv i obshchaya teoriya gumifikatsii (Soil Humic Acid and the General Theory of Humification), Moscow: Izd. MGU, 1990.Google Scholar
  11. Rode, A.A. and Pol’skii, M.N., Soils of the Dzhanybek Station, their morphological structure, mechanical and chemical composition, and physical properties, Tr. Pochv. Inst. im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, 1961, vol. 56, pp. 3–214.Google Scholar
  12. Sapanov, M.K., Moisture supply of forest plantations on different soil types in the Northern Caspian region, Euras. Soil. Sci., 2002, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 966–973.Google Scholar
  13. Sapanov, M.K., Ekologiya lesnykh nasazhdenii v aridnykh regionakh (Ecology of Forest Plantations in Arid Regions), Tula: Grif, 2003.Google Scholar
  14. Sapanov, M.K., Causes of drying pedunculate oak on hydromorphic meadow-chestnut soils of the Northern Cis-Caspian region, Lesovedenie, 2005, no. 5, pp. 10–17.Google Scholar
  15. Sapanov, M.K., Effect of climate change on the water content in the Northern Cis-Caspian region, Arid. Ekosist., 2010, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 25–30.Google Scholar
  16. Sizemskaya, M.L., Sovremennaya prirodno-antropogennaya transformatsiya pochv polupustyni Severnogo Prikaspiya (Modern Natural and Anthropogenic Transformation of Semiarid Soils of the Northern Caspian Lowland), Moscow: Tovar. Nauch. Izd. KMK, 2013.Google Scholar
  17. Verba (Lebedeva), M.P., Yamnova, I.A., and Sizemskaya, M.L., Changes in the properties of dark humus soils in large depressions within the Northern Caspian region under the impact of forest plantations, Euras. Soil. Sci., 2005, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 1149–1160.Google Scholar
  18. Vorob’eva, L.A., Khimicheskii analiz pochv (Chemical Analysis of Soils), Moscow: Izd. MGU, 1998.Google Scholar
  19. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S., Dozhdevye chervi fauny Rossii: Kadastr i opredelitel’ (Earthworms of the Fauna of Russia: Cadastre and Identification Guide), Moscow: Nauka, 1997.Google Scholar
  20. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S., The population of soil invertebrates of the mesofauna in the complex semidesert of the Caspian Lowland and its change during creation of shelter belts, Zool. Zh., 2002, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 298–305.Google Scholar
  21. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S., Formation of the population of soil invertebrates (mesofauna) in forest plantations of the complex semidesert of the Caspian Lowland, Zool. Zh., 2006, vol. 85, no. 11, pp. 1327–1332.Google Scholar
  22. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S., The composition of the soil population of the clay semidesert. Ecological-faunistic characteristics of soil invertebrates, in Zhivotnye glinistoi polupustyni Zavolzh’ya (konspekty faun i ekologicheskie kharakteristiki) (Animals of the Clay Semidesert of the Trans-Volga Region (Synopses of Faunas and Ecological Characteristics)), Moscow: Tovar. Nauch. Izd. KMK, 2009, pp. 135–149.Google Scholar
  23. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S. and Kolesnikov, A.V., Quantitative characteristics of soil mesofauna in the semidesert solonetzic complex of the North Caspian region, Euras. Soil Sci., 2010, vol. 43, no. 11, pp. 1281–1286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S. and Sizemskaya, M.L., The introduction of earthworms in the soil under forest stands in the Caspian region, Pochvovedenie, 1989, no. 5, pp. 136–141.Google Scholar
  25. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S. and Sizemskaya, M.L., Changes in soil mesofauna and properties of meadow-chestnut soil upon afforestation in the Caspian Lowland, Euras. Soil Sci., 2000, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1193–1200.Google Scholar
  26. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S. and Sizemskaya, M.L., Forest litter and the role of soil-dwelling invertebrates in its formation in clay deserts of the Northern Caspian Sea region, Euras. Soil Sci., 2005, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 764–769.Google Scholar
  27. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S. and Sizemskaya, M.L., Spatial structure of soil macrofauna in the Northern Caspian clay semidesert, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2007, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 629–634.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S., Sizemskaya, M.L., and Kolesnikov, A.V., Changes in the species composition and trophic structure of the soil population during creation of artificial forest plantations in the Caspian Lowland semidesert, Povolzh. Ekol. Zh., 2010, no. 2, pp. 142–150.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Forest SciencesRussian Academy of SciencesUspenskoeRussia

Personalised recommendations