Biology Bulletin

, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp 1289–1294 | Cite as

Statistical Analysis of the Influence of a Disturbance Factor on Formation of the Spatial Structure of the Great Bustard (Otis tarda L.) (Otididae, Aves) Population in the Trans-Volga Region

  • M. L. Oparin
  • I. A. Kondratenkov
  • O. S. Oparina
  • A. B. Mamayev
  • E. I. Tikhomirova


This paper examines the influence of the location of settlements, railroads, and highways on the spatial structure of the Otis tarda population in the Trans-Volga region that was studied in the years 1998–2016 in a model area of 12000 km2 that is located in the southern part of the Saratov Trans-Volga region. The zone of the impact made by our estimated disturbance factor due to the movement of people and a variety of ground vehicles along various-purpose roads on the territorial distribution of bustards in autumn can be denoted as a 300–500 m width band on both sides of the transport communications. Shelterbelts that were created along transport communications render a beneficial effect on the distribution of O. tarda and reduce the influence of the disturbance factor. Furthermore, crop rotation fields with side sizes of more than 1 km can be considered a factor that compensates for the anxiety of birds. We have found that in the Saratov Trans-Volga region, because of the large size of crop rotation fields and significant development of roadside and shelter belts, no special measures are required to protect O. tarda such as restrictions on the movement of people and vehicles over the territory where this species lives.


O. tarda disturbance factor transport communications settlements spatial structure of the Great Bustard population shelter belts crop rotation fields 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Berezovikov, N.N., Breeding of demoiselle crane in fields, Okhota Okhot. Khoz., 1981, no. 9, pp. 10–11.Google Scholar
  2. Bobrov, G.S., The use of the northern part of the Volga–Akhtuba floodplain as roosting sites and the impact of recreational load on natural systems, in Antropogennoe vliyanie na ekosistemy (Anthropogenic Impact on Ecosystems), Volgograd: Izd. Volgogr. Gos. Ped. Inst., 1980, pp. 153–160.Google Scholar
  3. Chibisov, D.M. and Pagurova, V.I., Zadachi po matematicheskoi statistike (Problems in Mathematical Statistics), Moscow: Izd. MGU, 1990.Google Scholar
  4. Dem’yanov, V.V., Kanevskii, M.F., Savel’eva, E.A., and Chernov, S.Yu., Variography: research and modeling of spatial correlation structures, in Problemy okruzhayushchei sredy i prirodnykh resursov (Problems of Environment and Natural Resources), Moscow: VINITI, 1999, vol. 11, pp. 33–55.Google Scholar
  5. Dzhogman, R.G.G., Ter Braak, S.Dzh.S., and Van Tongeren, O.F.R., Analiz dannykh v ekologii soobshchestv i landshaftov (Analysis of Data in the Ecology of Communities and Landscapes), Moscow: Izd. Rossel’khozakademii, 1998.Google Scholar
  6. Egorova, S.A. and Frenkina, G.I., The population of birds and the location of their nests in forests with different anthropogenic impacts, in Fauna Verkhnevolzh’ya, ee okhrana i ispol’zovanie (Fauna of the Upper Volga Region, Its Protection and Use), Kalinin: Izd. Kalinin. Gos. Univ., 1981, pp. 72–90.Google Scholar
  7. Flint, V.E., Modern aspects of the protection of birds of prey, in Okhrana khishchnykh ptits: materialy I soveshchaniya po ekologii i okhrane khishchnykh ptits Moskvy (Protection of Birds of Prey: Proceedings of I Conference on the Ecology and Conservation of Birds of Prey in Moscow), Moscow: Izd. MGU, 1983, pp. 3–7.Google Scholar
  8. Galushin, V.M., The current state of the abundance of birds of prey in the European part of the USSR, in Ekologiya, geografiya i okhrana ptits (Ecology, Geography, and Protection of Birds), Leningrad: Nauka. Leningr. Otd., 1980, pp. 156–167.Google Scholar
  9. Golovanova, E.N., Birds in anthropogenic landscape, Okhota Okhot. Khoz., 1985, no. 4, pp. 14–15.Google Scholar
  10. Gubler, E.V., Vychislitel’nye metody analiza i raspoznavaniya patologicheskikh protsessov (Computational Methods of Analysis and Identification of Pathological Processes), Moscow: Meditsina, 1978.Google Scholar
  11. Kanevskii, M.F., Dem’yanov, V.V., Savel’eva, E.A., Chernov, S.Yu., and Timonin, V.A., Kriging and basic geostatistical model, in Problemy okruzhayushchei sredy i prirodnykh resursov (Problems of Environment and Natural Resources), Moscow: VINITI, 1999, issue 11, pp. 55–68.Google Scholar
  12. Konstantinov, B.M. and Babenko, V.G., Winter fauna and population of birds of anthropogenic landscapes of the central area of the European part of the USSR, in Fauna Verkhnevolzh’ya, ee okhrana i ispol’zovanie (Fauna of the Upper Volga Region, Its Protection and Use), Kalinin: Izd. Kalinin. Gos. Univ., 1981, pp. 45–72.Google Scholar
  13. Kustov, Yu.I., Features of ecology of the imperial eagle, in Gnezdovaya zhizn’ khishchnykh ptits (Nesting Life of Birds of Prey), Perm: Izd. Perm. Gos. Ped. Inst., 1981, pp. 71–74.Google Scholar
  14. Mardia, K. and Zemroch, P., Tablitsy F-raspredelenii i raspredelenii, svyazannykh s nimi (Tables of F-Distributions and Distributions Associated with Them), Moscow: Nauka, 1984.Google Scholar
  15. Neifel’dt, I.A., White crane, Okhota Okhot. Khoz., 1974, no. 4, pp. 26–27.Google Scholar
  16. Nekrasov, E.S., The winter avifauna of Sverdlovsk, in Fauna pozvonochnykh Urala i sopredel’nykh territorii (Vertebrate Fauna of the Urals and Adjacent Territories), Sverdlovsk: Izd. Ural’skii rabochii, 1986, pp. 109–113.Google Scholar
  17. Oparin, M.L., Kondratenkov, I.A., and Oparina, O.S., Abundance of the Transvolga population of great bustard (Otis tarda L.), Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2003, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 562–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Polushkin, D.M., The transformation of the bird population of the suburban zone of the Stolby Reserve under the influence of recreation, in Izuchenie ptits SSSR, ikh okhrana i ratsional’noe ispol’zovanie: tez. dokl. 1-go s”ezda Vsesoyuz. ornitol. o-va i IX Vsesoyuz. ornitol. konf. (Study of Birds of the USSR, Their Conservation and Sustainable Use: Abstr. 1 Congr. All-Union Ornithol. Soc. and IX All-Union Ornithol. Conf.), Leningrad: Nauka, Leningr. otd., 1986.Google Scholar
  19. Savchenko, A.P. and Emel’yanov, V.I., Species composition and abundance of geese on the main migration routes, in Priroda i khozyaistvo Krasnoyarskogo kraya (Nature and Economy of the Krasnoyarsk Krai), Krasnoyarsk, 1995, pp. 63–66.Google Scholar
  20. Shibaev, Yu.V. and Glushchenko, Yu.N., The state of the population of the red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis P.L.S. Muller) and white-naped crane (Grus vipio Pallas) on the Prihankanskaya Plain in 1986, in Zhuravli Palearktiki (Cranes of Palearctic), Vladivostok: Biologo-Pochv. Inst., 1988, pp. 184–187.Google Scholar
  21. Teikhman, A.L. and Flint, V.E., New data on the avifauna of the Izmailovo Park, in Zhivotnoe naselenie Moskvy i Podmoskov’ya: materialy soveshch (Animal Populations of Moscow and Moscow Oblast: Proc. Conf.), Moscow: Izd. MGU, 1967, pp. 89–91.Google Scholar
  22. Tkachenko, A.A., Characteristics of the avifauna of Zhitomir, in Ptitsy i urbanizirovannyi landshaft (Bird and Urbanized Landscape), Kaunas: Inst. Zool. Parazitol. AN LitSSR, 1984, pp. 133–134.Google Scholar
  23. Urbakh, V.Yu., Matematicheskaya statistika dlya biologov i medikov (Mathematical Statistics for Biologists and Physicians), Moscow: Nauka, 1963.Google Scholar
  24. Vinogradov, B.V., Osnovy landshaftnoi ekologii (Undamentals of Landscape Ecology), Moscow: Geos, 1998.Google Scholar
  25. Vladyshevskii, A.D., The role of the disturbance factor for wild birds and mammals, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Krasnoyarsk, 2004.Google Scholar
  26. Vladyshevskii, D.V., Ptitsy v antropogennom landshafte (Birds in Anthropogenic Landscape), Novosibirsk: Nauka. Sib. Otd., 1975.Google Scholar
  27. Yurgenson, P.B., The role of the disturbance factor in ecology of animals and birds, Zool. Zh., 1962, vol. 73, no. 7, pp. 1056–1060.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Oparin
    • 1
  • I. A. Kondratenkov
    • 1
  • O. S. Oparina
    • 1
  • A. B. Mamayev
    • 1
  • E. I. Tikhomirova
    • 1
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology of Evolution, Saratov BranchRussian Academy of SciencesSaratovRussia

Personalised recommendations