Biology Bulletin

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 1166–1173 | Cite as

Anthropogenic Transformation and Prospects for Conservation of the Chamois Population (Rupicapra rupicapra caucasica) in the Northwestern Caucasus

  • S. A. Trepet
  • T. G. Eskina
  • K. V. Bibina


The scale of anthropogenic transformation of the Caucasian chamois population is shown based on the example of a local grouping of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra caucasica Lydekker 1910) from the Lagonaki Plateau (northwestern Caucasus). It has been established that the theoretical area of the range of the local chamois grouping under study is 58000 ha and the fodder capacity is 45 individuals/1000 ha. The actual area of the range is currently approximately 20000 ha, thereby having decreased by 66% over the last 100 years. At the present time, the density of the grouping does not exceed five individuals/1000 ha; i.e., it is nine times lower than its theoretically possible value. No positive dynamics of the population is observed, despite the nature reserve status of this area over the past 23 years. It has been concluded that the metapopulation structure of chamois is gradually simplified and the prospect of the long-term conservation of the species in the northwestern Caucasus is under threat.


Caucasian chamois Rupicapra rupicapra caucasica abundance valuation Caucasian Nature Reserve Lagonaki Plateau anthropogenic transformation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Babaev, E.A. and Nasrulaev, N.I., The Caucasian chamois, in Redkie pozvonochnye zhivotnye zapovednika “Dagestanskii” (Rare Vertebrates of the Dagestan Nature Reserve), Dzhamirzoev, G.S. and Bukreev, S.A., Eds., Trudy Zapovednika Dagestanskii. 2013, vol. 6, pp 322–327.Google Scholar
  2. Babaev, E.A. and Yarovenko, Yu.A., Current status of the populations of the Caucasian red deer (Cervus elaphus maral Ogilby, 1840) and the Caucasian chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra caucasica Lydekker, 1910) in the republic of Dagestan, Izv. Dagestan. Gos. Ped. Univ., Estestv. Tochn. Nauki, 2014, no. 4 (29), pp. 13–18.Google Scholar
  3. Bibina, K.V., State of populations of the West Caucasian tur (Sapra caucasica) and the Caucasian chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra caucasica) in the Caucasian Nature Reserve, Trudy Kavkaz. Gos. Prirod. Biosfer. Zapov., 2008, no. 18, pp. 1291–1235.Google Scholar
  4. Corlatti, L., Lorenzini, R., and Lovari, S., The conservation of the chamois Rupicapra spp., Mammal. Rev., 2011, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 163–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Damm, G.R. and Franko, N., Atlas of the World, Johannesburg: Rowland Ward Publications, 2014, vol. 2.Google Scholar
  6. Danilkin, A.A., Polorogie (Bovidae) (Horned Ungulates (Bovidae)), Moscow: Tovar. Nauch. Izd. KMK, 2005.Google Scholar
  7. Danilov, D.N., Rusanov, Ya.S., Rykovskii, A.S., Soldatkin, E.I., and Yurgenson, P.B., Osnovy okhotoustroistva (Fundamentals of Game Management), Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennost’, 1966.Google Scholar
  8. Dinnik, N.Ya., Animals of the Caucasus. Cetaceans and ungulates, Zap. Kavkaz. Otd. Russ. Geogr. Obshch., 1910, vol. 27, no. 1(2), pp. 247–536.Google Scholar
  9. Duben’, A.V., The size and structure of the chamois population in conjunction with certain environmental factors, Ekol. Issled. Kavkaz. Biosfer. Zapov., 1985, pp. 31–49.Google Scholar
  10. Gasanov, Sh.O. and Mustafaeva, R.G., Methods of census and assessment of abundance of ungulates valuation numbers of even-toed ungulates in the mountains of the Zakatala Reserve (Azerbaijan), in Zhivotnyi mir gornykh territorii (Fauna of Mountain Areas), 2009, pp. 267–269.Google Scholar
  11. Geptner, V.G., Nasimovich, A.A., and Bannikov, A.G., Mlekopitayushchie Sovetskogo Soyuza. Parnokopytnye i neparnokopytnye (Mammals of the Soviet Union. Even-Toed Ungulates and Horses), Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1961.Google Scholar
  12. Kotov, V.A., Cuban tur, its ecology and economic significance, Trudy Kavkaz. Gos. Zapov., 1968, no. 10, pp. 201–293.Google Scholar
  13. Kuliev, S.M., Artiodactyla, in Zhivotnyi mir Azerbaidzhana (Fauna of Azerbaijan), vol. 3: Pozvonochnye (Vertebrates), Baku: Elm, 2000, pp. 593–615.Google Scholar
  14. Mashukov, Z.Kh. and Yakimov, A.V., Current state of the population of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758)) under the conditions of the hunting grounds of Kabardino–Balkaria (Central Caucasus), Vestnik Adygeisk. Gos. Univ., Ser. 4: Estestv.-Matem. Tekhnich. Nauki, 2011, no. 2, pp. 40–46.Google Scholar
  15. Nasimovich, A.A., Winter in the life of ungulates of the Caucasus, Vopr. Ekol. Biogeotsenol., 1939, no. 7, pp. 3–91.Google Scholar
  16. Nasimovich, A.A., New data on the biology of chamois in the Western Caucasus, Trudy Kavkaz. Gos. Zapov., 1949, no. 3, pp. 51–64.Google Scholar
  17. Nasrulaev, N.I., On the ecology of the Caucasian chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra caucasica Lyddeker 1910) in the Tlyaratinskii Reserve, in Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauch.-prakt. konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, posvyashchennoi 50-letiyu biologicheskogo fakul’teta DGU (Proceedings of the All-Russia Scientific-Practical Conference with International Participation Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of the Faculty of Biology, Dagestan State University), 2014, pp. 95–99.Google Scholar
  18. Pkhitikov, A.B., Ecology, conservation, and sustainable use of the resources of ungulates in the Central Caucasus (within the Kabardino–Balkarian Republic), Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Tolyatti: Institut ekologii Volzhskogo basseina Samarskogo NTs RAN, 2011.Google Scholar
  19. Pkhitikov, A.B., Tembotova, F.A., and Pshegusov, R.Kh., Kopytnye tsentral’nogo Kavkaza (v predelakh Kabardino-Balkarskoi respubliki) (Undulates of the Central Caucasian (within Epy Kabardino–Balkarian Republic)), Moscow: Tovar. Nauch. Izd. KMK, 2014.Google Scholar
  20. Shaffer, M., Minimum viable populations: how to deal with uncertainty?, in Zhiznesposobnost’ populyatsii. Prirodookhrannye aspekty (Viable Populations: Nature Conservation Aspects), Sulei, M., Ed., Moscow: Mir, 1989.Google Scholar
  21. Sokolov, V.E. and Tembotov, A.K., Pozvonochnye Kavkaza. Mlekopitayushchie. Kopytnye (Vertebrates of the Caucasus. Mammals. Ungulates), Moscow: Nauka, 1993.Google Scholar
  22. Trepet, S.A., Kopytnye Severo-Zapadnogo Kavkaza: sovremennoe sostoyanie i mekhanizmy ustoichivosti populyatsii (Ungulates of Northwest Caucasus: Current Status and Mechanisms of Population Stability), Krasnodar: Kubanskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo, 2014.Google Scholar
  23. Trepet, S.A. and Eskina, T.G., Mechanisms of changes in population numbers of Caucasian red deer (Cervus elaphus maral) in the Northwestern Caucasus, Russ. J. Ecol., 2007, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 262–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Trepet, S.A. and Eskina, T.G., Effect of environmental factors on population dynamics and structure of the Caucasian red deer (Cervus elaphus maral) in the Caucasian State Biosphere Reserve, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2011, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 640–658.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Trepet, S.A. and Eskina, T.G., The influence of environmental factors on the dynamics of the size and spatial structure of the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra caucasica) population on the Caucasian Reserve, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2013, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 698–707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Trepet, S.A., Eskina, T.G., and Bibina, K.V., Influence of environmental factors on number dynamics and spatial structure of the tur (Capra caucasica) Population in the Caucasian Reserve, Biol. Bull. (Moscow), 2014, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 703–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific CenterRussian Academy of SciencesNalchikRussia
  2. 2.Shaposhnikov Caucasian State Natural Biosphere ReserveSochiRussia

Personalised recommendations