Taxonomy and Diversity of Freshwater Bivalve Mollusks (Bivalvia) of China (Based on Analysis of the Catalog by He and Zhuang, 2013)

Abstract

The diversity of freshwater Bivalvia in China was assessed on the basis of critical analysis of original and published data on the fauna, morphology, taxonomy, and molecular genetics of this group. The taxonomic composition of the following genera has been considered in depth: Anemina Haas 1969, Cristaria Schumacher 1817, Sinanodonta Modell 1944, Lanceolaria Conrad 1853, Middendorffinaia Moskvicheva et Starobogatov 1973, Nodularia Conrad 1853, Unio Philipsson in Retzius 1788, Inversidens Haas 1911, Sphaerium Scopoli 1777, Pisidium Pfeiffer 1821, Odhneripisidium Kuiper 1962, and Euglesa Leach in Jenyns 1832 = Cyclocalyx Dall 1905. No fewer than 170 bivalve species were demonstrated to occur in the freshwater areas of China. Underestimation of the Bivalvia species abundance in previous studies, including the latest catalog of the Chinese Bivalvia (He and Zhuang, 2013), may be accounted for mostly by inadequate use of morphological methods and limited faunistic data, as well as a little number of taxonomic works supported by molecular data. Both the generic and specific compositions of the Chinese Unioniformes and Luciniformes have been significantly extended and updated. Based on a complex study of conchological characters, the following synonymy was established for three species: Sinanodonta qingyuani He et Zhuang 2013 = S. woodiana (Lea 1834) syn. n., Lanceolaria yueyingae He et Zhuang 2013 = L. eucylindrica C. Lin 1962 syn. n., Acuticosta jianghanensis He et Zhuang 2013 = Nodularia douglasiae (Griffith et Pidgeon 1833) syn. n.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Banarescu, P., Zoogeography of Fresh Waters, vol. 1: General Distribution and Dispersal of Freshwater Animals, Wiesbaden: AULA–Verlag, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Bogan, A.E., Global diversity of freshwater mussels (Mollusca, Bivalvia) in freshwater, Hydrobiologia, 2008, vol. 595, pp. 139–147.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Bogan, A.E. and Roe, A.E., Freshwater bivalve (Unioniformes) diversity, systematics, and evolution: status and future directions, J. North Am. Benthol. Soc., 2008, vol. 27, pp. 349–369.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Bogatov, V.V., Does the comparator method has a future in diagnosing large bivalves (Bivalvia: Unionida)?, Ivz. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Biol., 2014, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 309–320.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Bogatov, V.V., Pearl mussels of the subfamily Nodulariinae (Bivalvia, Unionidae) in the Amur River basin, Zool. Zh., 2012, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 393–404.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Bogatov, V.V., Pearl mussels of the genus Sinanodonta (Bivalvia, Anodontinae) of the Amur River basin and Primorye, Zool. Zh., 2007, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 147–153.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Bogatov, V.V., Subfamily Nodulariinae (Unionidae, Bivalvia) from the Russian Far East: myth or reality?, in X International Congress on Medical and Applied Malacology (August 26–29, 2009, Busan, Korea), Busan, 2009, p. 70.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Bogatov, V.V., Taxonomic problems and the shell shape in freshwater Unionidae (Bivalvia), in VI Lyubishchevskie chteniya. Teoreticheskie problemy ekologii i evolyutsii (VI Lyubishchev Memorial Lectures: Theoretical Problems of Ecology and Evolution), Tolyatti, 2015, pp. 67–72.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Bogatov, V.V. and Starobogatov, Ya.I., Pearl mussels of the south of Primorye, Zool. Zh., 1992, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 132–136.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Clewing, C., Bössneck, U., Oheimb, P.V.,V., and Albrecht, C., Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of a high mountain bivalve fauna: the Sphaeriidae of the Tibetan Plateau, Malacologia, 2013, no. 1, pp. 231–252.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Dang, N.T., Ho, T.H., Ho, T.H., and May, D.Y., The Hydrobiology of Inland Freshwaters of Vietnam, Hanoi: Science and Technique Publishing House, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Falkner, G. and Korniushin, A.V., On the availability and identity of the generic name Euglesa Jenyns, 1832 (Bivalvia: Sphaerioidea), Heldia, 2000, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 23–26.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Graf, D.L., Palearctic freshwater mussel (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Unionoida) diversity and the Comparatory Method as a species concept, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 2007, vol. 156, pp. 71–88.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Graf, D.L., Patterns of freshwater bivalve global diversity and the state of philogenetic studies on the Unionoida, Sphaeriidae, and Cyrenidae, Am. Malacol. Bull., 2013, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 135–153.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Graf, D.L. and Cummings, K.S., Palaeoheterodont diversity (Mollusca: Trigonioida + Unionoida): What we know and what we wish we knew about freshwater mussel evolution, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 2006, vol. 148, pp. 343–394.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Graf, D.L. and Cummings, K.S., Review of the systematics and global diversity of freshwater mussel species (Bivalvia: Unionoida), J. Mollusc. Stud., 2007, vol. 73, pp. 291–314.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Graf, D.L. and Cummings, K.S., The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and Other Less Consequential Bivalves), MUSSEL Project Web Site, 2015. http://www.mussel-project.net/(updated August 5, 2015).

    Google Scholar 

  18. Haas, F., Unionidae from East Asia, Annals and Magazine of Natural History, London, Ser. 8, 1910, vol. 6, no. 35, pp. 496–499.

    Google Scholar 

  19. He, J. and Zhuang, Z., The Freshwater Bivalves of China, Germany, Harxheim: ConchBooks, 2013.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Heude, P., Conchyliologie fluviatile de la province de Nanking, fasc. 1, Savy, Ed., Paris, 1875.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Heude, P., Conchyliologie fluviatile de la province de Nanking, fasc. 3, Savy, Ed., Paris, 1877.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Heude, P., Conchyliologie fluviatile de la province de Nanking et de la Chine centrale, fasc. 1, Savy, Ed., Paris, 1883.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Heude, P., Conchyliologie fluviatile de la province de Nanking et de la Chine centrale, fasc. 9, Savy, Ed., Paris, 1885.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Huang, B., Liu, H., Wu, X., and Ouyang, S., Testing the relationships of Chinese freshwater Unionidae (Bivalvia) based on analysis of partial mitochondrial 16S rRNA sequences, J. Mollusc. Stud., 2002, vol. 68, pp. 359–363.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Huang, W.H., Li, Z.L., Liu, Y.Y., Zhang, W.Z., and Wang, Y.X., Freshwater mollusks of the Qiantang River system, Chinese J. Zool., 2003, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 50–56.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Klishko, O.K., Lopes-Lima, M., Froufe, E., and Bogan, A., Are Cristaria herculea (Middendorff, 1847) and Cristaria plicata (Leach, 1815) (Bivalvia, Unionidae) separate species?, ZooKeys, 2014, vol. 438, pp. 1–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Klishko, O.K., Lopes-Lima, M., Froufe, E., Bogan, A., and Abakumova, V.Y., Systematics and distribution of Cristaria plicata (Bivalvia, Unionidae) from the Russian Far East, ZooKeys, 2016, vol. 580, pp. 13–27.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Korniushin, A.V., Review of the family Sphaeriidae (Mollusca Bivalvia) of Australia, with the description of four new species, Records Austral. Mus., 2000, vol. 52, pp. 41–102.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Korniushin, A.V., Morphological characters analysis, the intergroup phylogenetic relationships and possible outgroups of the family Sphaeriidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia), Vestn. Zool., 2002, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 3–22.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Korniushin, A.V. and Glaubrecht, M., Phylogenetic analysis based on the morphology of viviparous freshwater clams of the family Sphaeriidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneroida), Zoologica Scripta, 2002, vol. 31, pp. 415–459.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Korniushin, A.V. and Glaubrecht, M., Anatomy and reproduction of viviparous Pisidium (Parapisidium) reticulatum Kuiper, 1966: Implications for the phylogeny of Sphaeriidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Heterodonta), Organisms Divers. Evol., 2006, vol. 6, pp. 185–195.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Kornyushin, A.V., Dvustvorchatye mollyuski nadsemeistva Pisidiodea Palearktiki. Fauna, sistematika, filogeniya (Bivalves of the Superfamily Pisidiodea of Palearctic: Fauna, Taxonomy, and Phylogeny), Kiev: Izd. Inst. Zool. NAN Ukrainy, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  33. Lee, T. and Ó Foighil, D., Phylogenetic structure of the Sphaeriinae, a global clade of freshwater bivalve molluscs, inferred from nuclear (ITS-1) and mitochondrial (16S) ribosomal gene sequences, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 2003, vol. 137, pp. 245–260.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Lin, C., Unionidae (Mollusca) of Poyang Lake, Kiangsi Province, China, Acta Zoologica Sinica, 1962, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 249–257.

    Google Scholar 

  35. Lin, C. and Liu, Y., Unionidae (Mollusca) of Bai-Yang-Dien, Hopei Province, China, Acta Zoologica Sinica, 1963, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 243–252.

    Google Scholar 

  36. Liu, Y. and Zhang, W., One new species on freshwater of the genus Cristaria from China, Acta Zoolotaxonomica Sinica, 1982, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 35–36.

    Google Scholar 

  37. Liu, Y., Zhang, W., Wang, Y., and Wang, E., Economic Fauna Sinica. Freshwater Mollusks, Beijing: Science Press, 1979.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Liu, Y., Zhang, W., and Wang, Y., Bivalves (Mollusca) of the Tai Hu and its surrounding waters, Jiangsu Province, China, Acta Zoologica Sinica, 1980, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 365–369.

    Google Scholar 

  39. Liu, Y., Wang, Y., and Zhang, W., On the fauna of freshwater mollusks of Xinjiang, Sinozoologica, 1981, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 23–29.

    Google Scholar 

  40. Liu, Y., Zhang, W., Wang, Y., and Duan, Y., Freshwater mollusks in Wuling mountain areas, China, Acta Zoologica Sinica, 1992, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 359–371.

    Google Scholar 

  41. Matsuda, O. and Uchiyama, R., Freshwater Mollusks of Japan, Yokohama: PISCES Publishers Co., Ltd., 2009, vol. 1.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Modell, H., Das natüurliche system der najaden. 3, Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 1964, vol. 93, pp. 71–129.

    Google Scholar 

  43. Moskvicheva, I.M., Mollusks of the subfamily Anodontinae (Bivalvia, Unionidae) of the Amur River basin and Primorye, Zool. Zh., 1973, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 822–834.

    Google Scholar 

  44. Moskvicheva, I.M., Naiad mollusks (Bivalvia, Unionoidea) of the Amur River basin and Primorye, Zool. Zh., 1973a, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1458–1471.

    Google Scholar 

  45. Moskvicheva, I.M. and Starobogatov, Ya.I., East Asian Potomidae-Like Unionidae (Bivalvia), Byul. Mosk. Obshch. Ispytat. Prirody, Otd. Biol., 1973, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 21–36.

    Google Scholar 

  46. Nesemann, H. and Sharma, S., Illustrated checklist of pea clams (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Sphaeriidae) from Nepal, Himalayan J. Sci., 2005, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 57–65.

    Google Scholar 

  47. Nesemann, H., Sharma, S., Khanal, S.N., Shan, D.N., Sharma, G., Aquatic Invertebrates of the Ganga River System, vol. 1: Mollusca, Annelida, Crustacea (in part), Kathmandu: Chandi Press, 2007.

    Google Scholar 

  48. Prashad, B., Notes on lamellibranchs in the Indian Museum No. 8. Species of the genus Pisidium from western Tibet, Yarkand, Persia and Syria, Records Indian Museum, 1933, vol. 35, pp. 1–8.

    Google Scholar 

  49. Prashad, B., Scientific results of the Yale North India Expedition. Biological Report no. 21. Aquatic and amphibious mollusks, Records Indian Museum, 1937, vol. 39, pp. 261–280.

    Google Scholar 

  50. Preston, H.B., Report on a small collection of freshwater Mollusca (Limnaea and Pisidium) from Tibet, Records Indian Museum, 1909, vol. 3, pp. 115–116.

    Google Scholar 

  51. Prozorova, L.A., An annotated list of aquatic mollusks of Lake Khanka basin, Byul. Dal’nevostoch. Malakol. Obshch., 2000, no. 4, pp. 10–29.

    Google Scholar 

  52. Prozorova, L.A., Species composition and distribution of freshwater malacofauna in the basin of the Tumannaya River lower reaches, in Ekologicheskoe sostoyanie i biota yugo-zapadnoi chasti zaliva Petra Velikogo i ust’ya reki Tumannoi (Ecological Status and Biota of the Southwestern Part of Peter the Great Bay and the Tumannaya River Mouth), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2001, vol. 2, pp. 52–68.

    Google Scholar 

  53. Prozorova, L.A., Rare and endangered species of the Khankaiskii Nature Reserve, in Problemy sokhraneniya vodno-bolotnykh ugodii mezhdunarodnogo znacheniya: ozero Khanka. Trudy Vtoroi mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. (Problems of Conservation of Wetlands of International Importance: Lake Khanka. Proc. Second Int. Sci.-Pract. Conf.), Vladivostok: OOO RITs Ideya, 2006, pp. 40–48.

    Google Scholar 

  54. Prozorova, L.A., Freshwater Mussels Pool Lower Amur and Primorye. Species Diversity, Keys Genera and Families, Rare Species, Saarbrucken, Germany: Palmarium Academic Publishing, 2013.

    Google Scholar 

  55. Prozorova, L.A., Assessment of the diversity of freshwater malacofauna of the mainland part of the south of the Russian Far East, in Zhizn’ presnykh vod (Freshwater Life), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2013a, pp. 84–96.

    Google Scholar 

  56. Prozorova, L.A. and Kavun, V.Ya., Preliminary information on the environmental state of the Tumannaya River, Vestn. DVO RAN, 1999, no. 5, pp. 69–76.

    Google Scholar 

  57. Prozorova, L.A. and Saenko, E.M., On the biology of mussels of the genus Cristaria (Bivalvia, Unionidae), Ruthenica, 2001, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 33–36.

    Google Scholar 

  58. Prozorova, L.A., Starobogatov, Ya.I., and Kornyushin, A.V., The species composition of the genus Henslowiana (Bivalvia, Euglesidae) of the Amur River basin, Zool. Zh., 1996, vol. 75, no. 9, pp. 1319–1325.

    Google Scholar 

  59. Prozorova, L.A., Saenko, E.M., Bogatov, V.V., Wu, M., and Liu, Yu.I., Bivalves (Mollusca: Bivalvia) of the Yangtze River basin, Byul. Dal’nevost. Malakol. Obshch., 2005, no. 9, pp. 46–58.

    Google Scholar 

  60. Prozorova, L.A., Chiba, S., and Hirano, T., New sight on genesis of the Lake Biwa Malacofauna, in The 16th International Symposium on River and Lake Environments “Climate Change and Wise Management of Freshwater Ecosystems,” 24–27 August, 2014, Ladena Resort, Chuncheon, Korea, 2014, p. 76.

    Google Scholar 

  61. Prozorova, L.A., Chiba, S., Saito, T., and Hirano, T., Genesis of freshwater malacofauna in northeast Asia from Baikal to Biwa, in 6th International Vereshchagin Baikal Conference, Irkutsk, 2015, p. 179.

    Google Scholar 

  62. Saenko, E.M., First data on morphology of glochidia of the Far Eastern pearl mussel Lanceolaria chankensis (Bivalvia: Unionidae: Unioninae), Byul. Dal’nevost. Malakol. Obshch., 2008, no. 12, pp. 98–105.

    Google Scholar 

  63. Saenko, E.M., Bogatov, V.V., and Zaikin, D.V., The taxonomic position of the Far East genera Kunashiria and Arsenievinaia (Bivalvia, Unionidae), Zool. Zh., 2009, vol. 88, no. 11, pp. 1298–1310.

    Google Scholar 

  64. Saito, T., Prozorova, L., Kameda, Y., Morii, Y., Fukuda, H., and Chiba, S., A molecular phylogeny of Planorbidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) in Far East, in 6th International Vereshchagin Baikal Conference, Irkutsk, 2015, p. 33.

    Google Scholar 

  65. Starobogatov, Ya.I., Fauna mollyuskov i zoogeograficheskoe raionirovanie kontinental’nykh vodoemov zemnogo shara (The Fauna of Mollusks and Zoogeographical Zoning of the Continental Waters of the Globe), Leningrad: Nauka, 1970.

    Google Scholar 

  66. Starobogatov, Ya.I., The fauna of lakes as a source of information about their history, in Obshchie zakonomernosti vozniknoveniya i razvitiya ozer (General Patterns of Emergence and Development of Lakes), Leningrad: Nauka, 1986, pp. 33–50.

    Google Scholar 

  67. Starobogatov, Y.I., Morphological basis for phylogeny and classification of Bivalvia, Ruthenica, 1992, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1–25.

    Google Scholar 

  68. Starobogatov, Ya.I., Prozorova, L.A., Bogatov, V.V., and Saenko, E.M., Mollusks, in Opredelitel’ presnovodnykh bespozvonochnykh Rossii i sopredel’nykh territorii (Identification Guide to Freshwater Invertebrates of Russia and Adjacent Countries), vol. 6: Mollyuski, Polikhety, Nemertiny (Mollusks, Polychaetes, and Nemerteans), St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2004, pp. 9–491.

    Google Scholar 

  69. Strong, E.E., Gargominy, O., Ponder, W.F., and Bouchet, P., Global diversity of gastropods (Gastropoda: Mollusca) in freshwater, Hydrobiologia, 2008, vol. 595, pp. 149–166.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  70. Tchang, S., Li, S., and Liu, Y., Bivalves (Mollusca) of Tung-Ting Lake and its surrounding waters, Hunan Province, China, Acta Zoologica Sinica, 1965, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 197–213.

    Google Scholar 

  71. Thompson, A.W., Growth and Form, New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1946.

    Google Scholar 

  72. Walker, J.M., Curole, J.P., Wade, D.E., Chapman, E.G., Bogan, A.E., et al., Taxonomic distribution and phylogenetic utility of gender-associated mitochondrial genomes in the Unionoida (Bivalvia), Malacologia, 2006, vol. 48, pp. 265–282.

    Google Scholar 

  73. Wu, X.P., Liang, Y., and Wang, H.Z., A comparative study of glochidial morphology of Unioniodae (Bivalvia). I. Unio douglasiae, Cuneopsis pisciulus, Acuticosta chinensis and Acuticosta ovata, Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 1999, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 141–145.

    Google Scholar 

  74. Wu, X.P., Liang, Y., Wang, H.Z., and Ou, Y.S., A comparative study of glochidial morphology of Unionidae (Bivalvia). II. Lanceolaria, Lamprotula, Hyriopsis and Cristaria, Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 2000, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 252–256.

    Google Scholar 

  75. Yen, T.C., Notes on land and fresh-water mollusks of Chekiang Province, Proc. California Acad. Sci., 1948, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 69–99.

    Google Scholar 

  76. Zatravkin, M.N. and Bogatov, V.V., Krupnye dvustvorchatye mollyuski presnykh i solonovatykh vod Dal’nego Vostoka SSSR: Opredelitel’ (Large Bivalves of Fresh and Brackish Waters of the Far East of the USSR: An Identification Guide), Vladivostok: DVO AN SSSR, 1987.

    Google Scholar 

  77. Zatravkin, M.N. and Moskvicheva, I.M., New and little known species of the subfamily Sphaeriastrinae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of the south of the Far East of the USSR, Zool. Zh., 1986, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 616–619.

    Google Scholar 

  78. Zhadin, V.I., Fauna SSSR (Fauna of the USSR), vol. IV: Mollyuski. Semeistvo Unionidae (Mollusks. Family Unionidae), Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR,1938, no. 1.

    Google Scholar 

  79. Zhadin, V.I., Mollyuski presnykh i solonovatykh vod SSSR (Mollusks of Fresh and Brackish Waters of the USSR), Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1952.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to V. V. Bogatov.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © V.V. Bogatov, L.A. Prozorova, 2017, published in Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 2017, Vol. 96, No. 2, pp. 153–171.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bogatov, V.V., Prozorova, L.A. Taxonomy and Diversity of Freshwater Bivalve Mollusks (Bivalvia) of China (Based on Analysis of the Catalog by He and Zhuang, 2013). Biol Bull Russ Acad Sci 44, 922–940 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062359017080040

Download citation

Keywords

  • China
  • Bivalvia
  • Unioniformes
  • Unionidae
  • Luciniformes
  • Sphaeriidae
  • fauna
  • morphology
  • taxonomic diversity