Skip to main content

Breeding success of the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) and rodent population dynamics

Abstract

The dependence of the breeding success of the eagle owl on the population dynamics of rodents, which are a staple of its diet in Mordovia, was traced. At peak numbers of rodents, large clutches and a high survival rate of fledglings were observed in the breeding pairs; after a year of depression of rodent populations, in the following year, the pairs do not nest at all or their breeding success is reduced to a minimum due to the death of the clutches. In 52% of the cases, the nesting pairs laid three eggs; in 31%, two eggs; in 9%, four eggs; in 4%, one egg or five eggs. The average clutch size was 2.78 ± 0.17. The average number of chicks grown from a successful nest was 2.41 ± 0.27. The nests in Mordovia were located at a distance of 1.1–3.7 km from residential areas.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Andreychev, A.V., Ecological and faunistic analysis of the population of rodents and insectivorous mammals of the Republic of Mordovia, Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Saransk, 2011.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Andreychev, A.V., Lapshin, A.S., and Kuznetsov, V.A., The diet of the Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) in the Republic of Mordovia, Zool. Zh., 2014, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 248–258.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Andreychev, A.V. and Kuznetsov, V.A., Faunistic analysis of populations of small mammals of the municipal solid waste landfill in Chamzinskii district and Saransk municipal solid waste landfill, Vestn. Mordov. Univ., 2009, no. 1, pp. 100–101.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Augst, U., Reproduktion und Bestandsentwicklung des Uhus Bubo bubo im Elbsandsteingebirge, Vogelwelt, 2003, vols. 5–6, pp. 229–239.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Balluet, P. and Faure, R., Typologie des sites occupies par le Grand-duc Europe Bubo bubo dans le nordest du Massif Central (departement de ta Loire), Nos Oiseaux, 2004, vol. 4, pp. 211–226.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Bayle, P. and Prior, R., Prey species of eagle owl Bubo bubo in Lebanon, Sandgrouse, 2006, vol. 2, pp. 167–168.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Berezovikov, N.N. and Vasil’eva, G.M., Nutrition of the eagle owl Bubo bubo in the mountain forest of the Southern Altai, Russ. Ornitol. Zh., 2013, vol. 22, express issue 835, pp. 47–49.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Bezzel, E., Obst, J., and Wickl, K., Zur Ernahrung und Nahrungswahl des Uhus (Bubu bubo), J. Ornithol., 1976, vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 210–238.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Blondel, J. and Badan, O., La biologie du Hibou grand-due en Provence, Nos Oiseaux, 1976, vol. 33, pp. 189–219.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Bobrinskii, N.A., Kuznetsov, B.A., and Kuzyakin, A.P., Opredelitel’ mlekopitayushchikh SSSR (Mammals of the USSR: Identification Guide), Moscow: Prosveshchenie, 1965.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Borodin, O.V., Eagle owl, in Krasnaya kniga Ul’yanovskoi oblasti (The Red Data Book of the Ul’yanovsk Oblast), Ul’yanovsk: Artishok, 2008, pp. 235–236.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Brand, R. and Lanz, U., Der Uhu in der Hersbrucker Scheweiz/ Bayern 2003, Ornithologischer Anzeiger, 2005, vols. 2–3, pp. 147–152.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Dalbeck, L., Nahrung als limitierender Faktor fur den Uhu Bubo bubo (L.) in der Eifel?, Ornithologischer Anzeiger, 2005, vols. 2–3, pp. 99–112.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Danilov, R.V., Hatchability of eggs and the quality of chicks depending on the age of hens of the Rhodonite cross, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Agr.) Dissertation, Sergiev Posad, 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Dyadichkina, L.F., Gupalo, I.M., Pozdnyakova, N.S., and Melekhina, T.A., Embryonic and postembryonic development of turkeys of different age, Dostizh. Nauki Tekhn. APK, 2014, no. 51, pp. 40–42.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Frey, V. and Walter, W., Brutvorkommen und Nahrungsokologie des Uhus (Bubo bubo) im Burgenland, Egretta, 1977, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 26–35.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Frolov, V.V. and Korkina, S.A., Eagle owl, in Krasnaya kniga Penzenskoi oblasti. Zhivotnye (The Red Book of the Penza Oblast. Animals), Pensa, 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Gromov, I.M. and Egorov, O.V., Information on the nutrition and economic significance of the eagle owl of Eastern Pamirs and Kopet Dag, Zool. Zh., 1953, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 964–978.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Hofmann, Th., Stubbe, M., Piechocki, R., Heidecke, D., Samjoa, R., et al., Zur Nahrungsokologie des Uhus Bubo bubo in der Mongolei, Erforschung biologischer Ressourcen der Mongolei, 2005, pp. 413–417.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Kadochnikov, N.P., The relationship of birds of prey and social voles in the steppe Azerbaijan, Zool. Zh., 1953, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1222–1233.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Karaseva, E.V. and Telitsyna, A.Yu., Methods for studying rodents in the field, in Uchety chislennosti i mechenie (Census and Tagging), Moscow: Nauka, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Karyakin, I.V., Kovalenko, A.V., Levin, A.S., and Pazhenkov, A.S., Eagle owl in the Aral–Caspian region, Pernatye Khishchniki Ikh Okhrana, 2009, no. 17, pp. 53–86.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Karyakin, I.V., Pernatye khishchniki (metodicheskie rekomendatsii po izucheniyu sokoloobraznykh i sovoobraznykh) (Birds of Prey (Guidelines for the Study of Birds of Prey and Owls)), Nizhny Novgorod: Povolzh’e, 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Khrokov, V.V. and Koshelev, A.I., Sovy (Owls), Alma-Ata: Kainar, 1985.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Kulaeva, T.M., Order Strigiformes, in Ptitsy Volzhsko- Kamskogo kraya. Nevorob’inye (Birds of the Volga–Kama region. Non-Passerines), Moscow, 1977, pp. 239–256.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Lapshin, A.S., Lysenkov, E.V., and Spiridonov, S.N., Current status and distribution of owls in Mordovia, in Sovy Severnoi Evrazii (Owls of Northern Eurasia), Moscow, 2005, pp. 222–225.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Lapshin, A.S., Eagle owl, in Krasnaya kniga Respubliki Mordoviya. Zhivotnye (The Red Book of the Republic of Mordovia. Animals), Saransk: Mordov. Knizh. Izd., 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Lapshin, A.S., Andreychev, A.V., Korotina, I.V., Kuznetsov, V.A., Grishutkin, G.F., and Spiridonov, S.N., Nesting of eagle owl in the Republic of Mordovia in 2013, in Redkie zhivotnye Respubliki Mordoviya: materialy vedeniya Krasnoi knigi Respubliki Mordoviya za 2013 (Rare Animals of the Republic of Mordovia: Material of Maintenance of the Red Data Book of the Republic of Mordovia in 2013), Saransk: Izd. Mordovsk. Univ., 2013, pp. 12–13.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Liditznig, Ch., Der Einfluss des Nahrungsverfugbarkeit under Nahrungsqualitat auf die Reproduktion des Uhus Bubo bubo in Sudwestern Niederosterreichs, Ornithologischer Anzeiger, 2005, vols. 2–3, pp. 123–136.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Malovichko, L.V., Gavrilov, A.I., and Fedosov, V.N., Features of distribution, nesting, and nutrition of the eagle owl in the steppe Stavropol region, in Khishchnye ptitsy v dinamicheskoi srede III tysyacheletiya: sostoyanie i perspektivy: trudy VI mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii po sokoloobraznym i sovam Severnoy Evrazii (Birds of Prey in the Dynamic Environment of the III Millennium: Status and Prospects: Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Birds of Prey and Owls of Northern Eurasia), Krivoi Rog, 2012, vol. 1, pp. 373–379.

    Google Scholar 

  31. Martinez, J.A., Martinez, J.E., Perez, E., Zuberogoitta, I., and Izquierdo, A., Possible first record of multiple brooding of the eagle owl Bubo bubo, Ardeola, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 77–79.

    Google Scholar 

  32. Men’shikov, A.G., Owls of the Udmurt Republic, in Sovy Severnoi Evrazii (Owls of Northern Eurasia), Moscow, 2005, pp. 210–213.

    Google Scholar 

  33. Mihelic Tomaz, Prehrana velike uharice Bubo bubo v jugozahodni Sloveniji, Acrocephalus, 2002, vol. 112, pp. 81–86.

  34. Novikov, G.A., Polevye issledovaniya ekologii nazemnykh pozvonochnykh zhivotnykh (Field Studies of the Ecology of Terrestrial Vertebrates), Moscow: Sovetskaya Nauka, 1949.

    Google Scholar 

  35. Ortego, J., Consequences of eagle owl nest-site habitat preference for breeding performance and territory stability, Ornis. Fenn., 2007, vol. 2, pp. 78–90.

    Google Scholar 

  36. Pavlinov, I.Ya., Kruskop, S.V., Varshavskii, A.A., and Borisenko, A.V., Nazemnye zveri Rossii. Spravochnik-opredelitel’ (Terrestrial Animals of Russia: A Handbook and Identification Guide), Moscow: Tovar. Nauch. Izd. KMK, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  37. Pesenko, Yu.A., Printsipy i metody kolichestvennogo analiza v faunisticheskikh issledovaniyakh (Principles and Methods of Quantitative Analysis in Faunal Studies), Moscow: Nauka, 1982.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Podol’skii, A.L., Eagle owl, in Krasnaya kniga Saratovskoi oblasti: rasteniya, griby, lishainiki, zhivotnye (The Red Book of the Saratov Oblast: Plants, Fungi, Lichens, Animals), Saratov, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  39. Pukinskii, Yu.B., Zhizn’ sov (Life of Owls), Leningrad: Izd. Leningr. Univ., 1977.

    Google Scholar 

  40. Ristig, U., Wadewitz, M., and Zang, H., Der Uhu Bubo bubo im nordlichen Harzvorland, Wogelwelt, 2003, vols. 5–6, pp. 249–253.

    Google Scholar 

  41. Rockenbauch, D., Uhu Bubo bubo in Baden-Wurttemberrg— Wie Phonix aus der Asche!, Ornithologischer Anzeiger, 2005, vols. 2–3, pp. 117–122.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Romanova, O.I., Observations on the nest of the eagle owl Bubo bubo in Bashkiria, Russ. Ornitol. Zh., 2014, vol. 23, express issue no. 981, pp. 947–948.

    Google Scholar 

  43. Sergio, F., Marchesi, L., and Pedrini, P., Integrating individual habitat choices and regional distribution of a biodiversity indicator and top predator, J. Biogeogr., 2004, vol. 4, pp. 619–628.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Shehab, A.H., Diet of the eagle owl, Bubo bubo, in Syria, Zool. Middle East, 2004, vol. 33, pp. 21–26.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Shepel’, A.I., Eagle owl Bubo bubo (L.) in the Volga-Kama Province, Vestn. Perm. Univ., Ser. Biol., 2011, no. 1, pp. 46–54.

    Google Scholar 

  46. Shepel’, A.I., Petrovskikh, A.I., and Fisher, S.V., Eagle owl in the Kama region of Perm oblast, in Filin v Rossii, Belorussii i na Ukraine (Eagle Owl in Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine), Moscow: Izd. Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1994, pp. 32–50.

    Google Scholar 

  47. Shilov, I.A., Ekologiya (Ecology), Moscow: Vyssh. Shkola, 2001.

    Google Scholar 

  48. Shokhrin, V.P., The role of mouse-like rodents in the diet of birds of prey, Vestn. Orenburg. Gost. Univ., 2008, no. 10 (92), pp. 209–215.

    Google Scholar 

  49. Shokhrin, V.P., Materials on the diet of four species of owls (Strigiformes) of the southeast Sikhote-Alin, in Nauchnye issledovaniya prirodnogo kompleksa Lazovskogo zapovednika (Research of the Natural Complex of the Lazovskii Nature Reserve), Vladivostok, 2005, pp. 240–252.

    Google Scholar 

  50. Sitkewitz, M., Telemetrische Untersuchung zur Raum- und Habitatnutzung des Uhus Bubo bubo im Landkreis Weibenburg- Gunzenhausen, Ornithologischer Anzeiger, 2005, vols. 2–3, pp. 163–170.

    Google Scholar 

  51. Tishechkin, A.K. and Grichik, V.V., Filin v Rossii, Belorussii i na Ukraine (Eagle Owl in Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine), Moscow: Izd. Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1994.

    Google Scholar 

  52. Valkama, J. and Saurola, P., Mortality factors and population trends of the eagle owl Bubo bubo in Finland, Ornithologischer Anzeiger, 2005, vols. 2–3, pp. 81–90.

    Google Scholar 

  53. Vinogradov, B.S. and Gromov, I.M., Gryzuny fauny SSSR (Rodents of the Fauna of the USSR), Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1952.

    Google Scholar 

  54. Zharkov, I.V. and Teplov, V.P., Information on nutrition of birds of prey of the Tatar Republic, Uch. Zap. Kazan. Univ., 1932, books 7–8, no. 2, pp. 138–201.

    Google Scholar 

  55. Zubkov, N.I., Trophic relations of owls in biocenoses of Moldavia, in Ekologiya ptits i mlekopitayushchikh Moldavii (Ecology of Birds and Mammals of Moldova), Chisinau, 1981, pp. 79–94.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. V. Andreychev.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © A.V. Andreychev, A.S. Lapshin, V.A. Kuznetsov, 2016, published in Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 2016, Vol. 95, No. 2, pp. 204–215.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Andreychev, A.V., Lapshin, A.S. & Kuznetsov, V.A. Breeding success of the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) and rodent population dynamics. Biol Bull Russ Acad Sci 43, 851–861 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062359016080045

Download citation

Keywords

  • population dynamics
  • rodents
  • eagle owl
  • nesting success
  • predator–prey