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Pine wilt disease and possible causes of its incidence in Russia

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Surveys of forests and stockpiled timber of pine, spruce, larch, and silver fir in 14 administrative subjects of the Russian Federation revealed widespread occurrence of the coniferous wood parasitic nematode Bursaphelenchus mucronatus. Twenty species of bacteria belonging to 13 genera have been detected in 25 B. mucronatus isolates, and their identity has been determined by direct sequencing of the 16S RNA gene. The most frequently occurring were bacteria from the genera Pseudomonas, Stenotrophomonas, Pantoea, Bacillus, Burkholderia, and Serratia. Prevalence of Pseudomonas brenneri and P. fluorescence, which were also found in the nematode dauer larva (LIV) isolated from the fir sawyer beetle Monochamus urussovi, have also been assessed. Two nematode B. xylophilus isolates from Portugal and one isolate from the United States have been examined, and 10 symbiotic bacteria species have been isolated, including Agrobacterium tumefacience, P. fluorescens, P. brenneri, Rahnella aquatilis, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, S. rhizophila, and Yersinia mollaretii.

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Correspondence to O. A. Kulinich.

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Original Russian Text © E.N. Arbuzova, O.A. Kulinich, E.S. Mazurin, A.Yu. Ryss, N.I. Kozyreva, S.V. Zinovieva, 2016, published in Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, Seriya Biologicheskaya, 2016, No. 4, pp. 358–365.

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Arbuzova, E.N., Kulinich, O.A., Mazurin, E.S. et al. Pine wilt disease and possible causes of its incidence in Russia. Biol Bull Russ Acad Sci 43, 300–306 (2016).

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