A Liquid Membrane Mercury Selective Electrode Based on 2-(N-pipyridino Methyl)-1-Cyano Cyclohexanol as a Novel Neutral Carrier

Abstract

2-(N-pipyridino methyl)-1-cyano cyclohexanol was synthesized, characterized and used as an ionophore in construction of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) potentiometric sensor for Hg2+ determination. The best result was obtained with membrane composition of PVC (29%), sodium tetraphenylborate as ionic additive (1%), 2-(N-pipyridino methyl)-1-cyano cyclohexanol (12%) and dibutylphthalate (58%). The designed electrode showed an acceptable Nernstian slope (29.1 mV/decade) for Hg2+ over a wide concentration range from 5 × 10–7 to 1 × 10–2 M with a detection limit of 2.5 × 10–7 M. The potential response was independent from pH in the range of 6.0–9.0 and the sensor response time was relatively short (~25 s). The sensor performance was invariable for at least 6 weeks. Electrode selectivity was evaluated by matched potential method. Finally, the proposed sensor was used as an indicator electrode in potentiometric titration of Hg2+ with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and in direct determination of mercury(II) in aqueous samples with admissible accuracy and high reproducibility.

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Funding

The author appreciates the Islamic Azad University of Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre-rey branch Research Council for the patronage of this project.

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Correspondence to Leila Hajiaghababaei.

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Hamid Reza Rashvand, Hajiaghababaei, L., Darvich, M.R. et al. A Liquid Membrane Mercury Selective Electrode Based on 2-(N-pipyridino Methyl)-1-Cyano Cyclohexanol as a Novel Neutral Carrier. J Anal Chem 75, 1340–1347 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S106193482010010X

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Keywords:

  • mercury selective electrode
  • liquid membrane
  • 2-(N-pipyridino methyl)-1-cyano cyclohexanol
  • potentiometry