Possibilities for Energy Pumping in a Radio-Frequency Quadrupole by Shifted Supersonic Gas Jet. Part I: Accelerated and Excited Atom Transmission
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Generation of an ion beam and its transmission into a mass analyzer is one of central problems in mass spectrometry. The use of a narrowly directed supersonic gas jet has a number of advantages in comparison with other sampling methods. The aim of this work was to confirm the declared earlier properties of the jet formed at the outlet of a cylindrical channel when the free path length of gaseous atoms at the beginning of the channel is comparable with the channel diameter. The paper describes the ability of such a supersonic jet to conserve an additional energy of jet gas atoms. A significant influence of the temperature of the gas flow on the yield of cyclohexane fragment ions was found, cyclohexane being an admixture in the noble gas jet passing through an electron ionization ion source. A possibility of obtaining a flow of metastable electronically excited atoms inside the jet is also shown. The results of the work confirm the availability of the supersonic gas jet for the design of a high efficiency ion source inside the radio-frequency quadrupole at the input of the mass analyzer.
Keywordssupersonic gas jet gas-heated radio-frequency quadrupole energy transport metastable excited atoms ion fragmentation
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