Determination of guaiphenesin and sodium benzoate in Liqufruta garlic cough medicine by high performance liquid chromatography
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A new and simple isocratic high-performance liquid chromatographic method with ultraviolet detection is described for simultaneous determination of active guaiphenesin and preservative sodium benzoate in Liqufruta garlic cough medicine formulation. The chromatographic separation was achieved using a Zorbax CN; 150 mm × 4.6 mm and 5 μm particle size column employing acetonitrile and water (20: 80, v/v) containing 0.1% formic acid (pH 3.5 ± 0.05) as the mobile phase. The method was validated with respect to linearity, range, precision, accuracy, specificity, limit of detection and limit of quantitation. The both analytes were detected by UV-Vis detector at 245 nm. The method was linear over the concentration range of 0.2–0.8 mg/mL and 0.02–0.06 mg/mL for guaiphenesin and sodium benzoate, respectively. The limit of detection was found to be 0.14 μg/mL for GP and 0.06 μg/mL for SB and the quantification limit was 0.54 μg/mL for GP and 0.22 for SB. Accuracy, evaluated as recovery, was in the range of 97.8–100.0%. Intra-day precision and intermediate precision showed relative standard deviation <1% in each case.
Keywordsguaiphenesin sodium benzoate method validation cough medicine formulation HPLC determination
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