About the plausible contribution of field ionization in the mechanism of the formation of dyes of ions under conditions of laser desorption/ionization from a nanostructurized graphite surface
An approach is proposed for the estimation of the contribution of field ionization (FI) to the mechanism of dye ion formation under the conditions of laser desorption/ionization (LDI) from a nanostructurized graphite surface. As test systems, rough graphite layers with dyes, e.g., imidazophenazine derivatives applied to them were chosen; these ensure FI in a strong electric field. The dyes form three neutral precursors upon reduction and various types of ions in different ionization methods. It was found that the mass distribution within the group of peaks formed by the initial dye molecule and the products of its reduction in the positive ion mode upon LDI from a rough graphite surface is shifted to lower masses by one atomic mass unit in comparison to the distribution recorded for LDI from a smooth metal support. The analysis of plausible pathways of ion formation has shown that such a shift may be due to the superposition of ions formed by the FI mechanism on a graphite substrate with a number of ions formed by protonation in LDI with no dependence on the support type. In the negative ion mode, the registration of LDI dye spectra succeeded only if the graphite substrates used favored negative FI and electron emission enhanced by the field.
Keywordsmass spectrometry laser desorption/ionization field ionization graphite dyes nanomaterials reduction reactions
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