Advertisement

Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 158–165 | Cite as

Ceramic composite electrode for the determination of selenium(IV) by stripping voltammetry

  • N. Yu. Stozhko
  • E. I. Morosanova
  • L. I. Kolyadina
  • S. V. Fomina
Articles

Abstract

A ceramic composite electrode for the determination of selenium(IV) was manufactured using solgel and screen-printing technologies. This electrode exhibits a higher sensitivity and selectivity in comparison with the other studied carbon-containing electrodes. The effect of the type and amount of graphite powder, modifier, catalyst, and pore-forming agent on the properties of the ceramic composite electrode was investigated. It was found that an increase in the pore size in the electrode reduced the selectivity of selenium(IV) determination. The calibration plot was linear over the range 0.1–20 μg/L at an accumulation time of 10 s. The relative standard deviation for the determination of 1.0 and 0.05 μg/L of selenium(IV) (n = 5) was 3% and 8%, respectively. The detection limit of selenium(IV) was 0.02 μg/L at an accumulation time of 90 s. The results of selenium(IV) determination in natural and mineral waters are presented.

Keywords

Standard Deviation Analytical Chemistry Graphite Detection Limit Pore Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Sherigara, B.S., Kutner, W., and D’souza, F., Electroanalysis, 2003, vol. 15, no. 9, p. 753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gooding, J.J., Mearnsa, F., Yang, W., and Liu, J., Electroanalysis, 2003, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 81.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Male, K.B., Hrapovic, S., et al., Anal. Chem. Acta. 2004, vol. 516, p. 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lawrence, N.S., Deo, R.P., and Wang, J., Anal. Chem. Acta, 2004, vol. 517, p. 131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Abramovič, B.F., Bjelica, L.J., Gaál, F.F., et al., Electroanalys, 2003, vol. 15, no. 10, p. 878.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stefan, R.-I. and Bairu, S.G., Anal. Chem., 2003, vol. 75, p. 5394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sonthalia, P., McGaw, E., Show, Y., and Swain, G.M., Anal. Chim. Acta, 2004, vol. 522, p. 355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Piletsky, S.A. and Turner, A.P.F., Electroanalysis, 2002, vol. 14, no. 5, p. 317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lu, W., Wallace, G.G., and Imisides, M.D., Electroanalysis, 2002, vol. 14, no. 5, p. 325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nguyen, T.A., Kokot, S., et al., Electroanalys, 2000, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 89.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cheng, H.-L., Hsiung, C.-H., and Sun, I.-W., Electroanalysis, 2002, vol. 14, no. 11, p. 767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mylonakis, A., Economou, A., Filden, P.R., et al., Electroanalysis, 2004, vol. 16, no. 7, p. 524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Navratilova, Z. and Kula, P., Electroanalysis, 2003, vol. 15, no. 10, p. 837.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Prodromodis, M.I. and Karayannis, M.I., Electroanalysis, 2002, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 241.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zen, J.-M., Chen, H.-P., and Kumar, A.S., Anal. Chim. Acta, 2001, vol. 449, p. 95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Walcarius, A., Electroanalysis, 1998, vol. 10, no. 18, p. 1217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Antonisse, M.M.G. and Reinhoudt, D.N., Electroanalysis, 1999, vol. 11, no. 14, p. 1035.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Walcarius, A., Electroanalysis, 2001, vol. 13, nos. 8–9, p. 701.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rabinovich, L. and Lev, O., Electroanalysis, 2001, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Prodromidis, M.I. and Karayannis, M.I., Electroanalysis, 2002, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Liu, Y., Song, W., Zou, M., et al., Electroanalysis, 2000, vol. 12, no. 14, p. 1152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang, B., Cheng, L., and Dong, S., J. Electroanal. Chem., 2001, vol. 516, p. 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shankaran, D.R. and Iimura, K.-I., Sen. Actuators, 2003, vol. B96, p. 523.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Stozhko, N.Yu., Morosanova, E.I., Kolyadina, L.I., and Azarova, Zh.M., Zh. Anal. Khim., 2004, vol. 59, no. 9, p. 960 [J. Anal. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), vol. 59, no. 9, p. 854].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Saczek-Maj, M. and Opallo, M., Electroanalysis, 2002, vol. 14, nos. 15–16, p. 1060.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Khoo, S.B. and Ye, R., Electroanalysis, 2002, vol. 14, no. 6, p. 420.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Salimi, A. and Pourbeyram, S., Talanta, 2003, vol. 60, p. 205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Shankaran, D.R., Iimura, K.-I., and Kato, T., Electroanalysis, 2004, vol. 16, no. 7, p. 556.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Shul, G., Saczek-Maj, M., and Opallo, M., Electroanalysis, 2004, vol. 16, no. 15, p. 1254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ferri, T., Guidi, F., and Morabito, R., Electroanalysis, 1994, vol. 6, p. 1087.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cai, Q. and Khoo, S.B., Anal. Chem., 1994.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Nazarenko, I.I. and Ermakov, A.N., Analiticheskaya khimiya selena i tellura (Analytical Chemistry of Selenium and Tellurium), Moscow: Nauka, 1971.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Buzykin, B.I., Lipunova, G.N., Sysoeva, L.P., and Rusinova, L.I., Khimiya formazanov (Chemistry of Formazans), Moscow: Nauka, 1992.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Moskvin, L.N., Bulatov, A.V., Rudenko, E.A., and Navolotskii, D.V., in Tez dokl. Vseros. konf. “Analitika Rossii” (Proceedings of the All-Russia Conference on Analytics in Russia), Moscow, 2004, p. 89.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Stozhko, N.Yu., Lipunova, G.N., Maslakova, T.I., et al., Zh. Anal. Khim., 2004, vol. 59, no. 2, p. 179 [J. Anal. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), vol. 59, no. 2, p. 179].Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Seneviratne, J. and Cox, J.A., Talanta, 2000, vol. 52, p. 801.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Frumkin, A.N., Izbrannye trudy: elektrodnye protsessy (Selected Works: The Electrode Processes), Moscow: Nauka, 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Yu. Stozhko
    • 1
  • E. I. Morosanova
    • 2
  • L. I. Kolyadina
    • 1
  • S. V. Fomina
    • 2
  1. 1.Ural State Economic UniversityYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryMoscow State UniversityVorob’evy gory, MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations