Advertisement

Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 159–166 | Cite as

Water content and temperature effect on ultrasonic pulse velocity of concrete

  • Hakan Güneyli
  • Süleyman Karahan
  • Aslιhan Güneyli
  • Nil Yapιcι
Ultrasonic Methods

Abstract

In this paper, water content and temperature effect on the ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) of concrete was investigated. A series of tests were performed to examine the relationship between water content and UPV of concrete with different aggregate mixture proportions. Cube test specimens were made of concrete with water-cement ratio of 0.5. The concrete specimens were immersed in water for 90 days to saturate them. To measure the effect of different water contents on UPV, the test specimens were dried gradually to change the amount of water between measurements. This process was repeated until the concrete pieces was completely dried and weight no longer changed. The water content could be changed from about 6 to 0%. Following, another test procedure was conducted to research the relationship between temperature and UPV. To measure the influence of various temperature on UPV, completely dried concrete specimens were firstly cooled to –18°C and gradually heated to +180°C. In these two different procedures, the UPV values corresponding water content and temperature in the relevant ranges were periodically measured. The test results indicate that the increase in both water content and temperature increases almost linearly UPV of concrete. Based on correlation derived from the test data, irrespective of concrete properties a further increase in both water content of 1% and temperature of 10°C increases UPV of average 160 and 34 m/s, respectively. As overall assessment, this study demonstrates that the UPV is a function of both water content and temperature, and the changing of these two parameters has an important influence on ultrasonic pulse velocity of concrete.

Keywords

concrete ultrasonic pulse velocity water content temperature 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    del Rio, L.M., Jimenez, A., Lopez, F., Rosa, F.J., Rufo, M.M., and Paniagua, J.M, Characterization and hardening of concrete with ultrasonic testing, Ultrason., 2004, vol. 42, nos. 1–9, pp. 527–530.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    del Rio, L.M., Lopez, F., Pareja, C., and Callejas, B, An ultrasound study of concrete hardening in construction pillars, 19th Int. Congr. Acoust., 2007.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ohdaira, E. and Masuzawa, N, Water content and its effect on ultrasound propagation in concrete—the possibility of NDE, Ultrason., 2000, vol. 38, nos 1-8, pp. 546–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Özerkan, G. N. and Yaman, O. I, Evaluation of cement mortars by ultrasound, 4th Middle East NDT Conf. Exhib., 2007.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Trtnik, G., Turk, G., Kavcic, F., and Bosiljkov, V.B, Possibilities of using the ultrasonic wave transmission method to estimate initial setting time of cement paste, Cem. Concr. Res., 2008, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 1336–1342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yildrim, H. and Sengul, O, Modulus of elasticity of substandard and normal concretes, Constr. Build. Mater., 2011, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 1645–1652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Panzera, T.H., Rubio, J.C., Bowen, C.R., Vasconcelos, W.L., and Strecker, K, Correlation between structure and pulse velocity of cementitious composites, Adv. Cem. Res, 2008, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 101–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lafhaj, Z., Goueygou, M., Djerbi, A., and Kaczmarek, M, Correlation between porosity, permeability and ultrasonic parameters of mortar with variable water/cement ratio and water content, Cem. Concr. Res., 2006, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 625–633.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ye, G., van Breugel, K., and Fraaij, A.L.A, Experimental study on ultrasonic pulse velocity evaluation of the microstructure of cementitious material at early age, Heron, 2011, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 161–167.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Berriman, J., Purnell, P., Hutchins, D.A., and Neild, A, Humidity and aggregate content correction factors for air-coupled ultrasonic evaluation of concrete, Ultrason., 2005, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 211–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tanyildizi, H. and Coskun, A, Determination of the principal parameter of ultrasonic pulse velocity and compressive strength of lightweight concrete by using variance method, Russ. J. Nondestr. Testing, 2008, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 639–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang, J., Qin, L., and Li, Z.J, Hydration monitoring of cement-based materials with resistivity and ultrasonic methods, Mater. Struct., 2009, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 15–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Krishna Rao, M.V, Rathish Kumar, P., and Khan, A.M., A study on the influence of curing on the strength of a standard grade concrete mix, Facta Univ. (Ser. Archit. Civ. Eng.), 2010, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 23–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    IAEA: Guidebook on Non-Destructive Testing of Concrete Structures, I. A. E.A., 2002. p. 231.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Benmeddour, F., Villain, G., Abraham, O., and Choinska, M, Development of an ultrasonic experimental device to characterise concrete for structural repair, Constr. Build. Mater., 2012, vol. 37, pp. 934–942.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fadragas, C.R. and Gonzalez, M.R, Dependence of ultrasonic pulse propagation velocity on free water content in concrete structure under tropical climate conditions, Mater. Constr., 2012, vol. 62, no. 305, pp. 39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lencis, U., Udris, A., and Korjakins, A, Moisture effect on the ultrasonic pulse velocity in concrete cured under normal conditions and at elevated temperature, Constr. Sc., 2013, vol. 14, pp. 71–78.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    BS 1881. Recommendations for Measurement of the Velocity of Ultrasonic Pulses in Concrete—Part 203, London: Br. Stand. Inst., 1986.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    ASTM C 597-09. Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity through Concrete, West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM Int., 2009.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    DIN ISO 8047. Determination of Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity, Ger. Inst. Stand. (DIN), 1998.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    GOST (State Standard) 17624-87. Ultrasonic Method of Strength Determination, Moscow.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    GOST (State Standard) 26134-84. Ultrasonic Method of Frost Resistance Determination, Moscow.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yang, H., Lin, Y., Hsiao, C., and Liu, J.Y, Evaluating residual compressive strength of concrete at elevated temperatures using ultrasonic pulse velocity, Fire Safety J., 2009, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 121–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    TS 802. Design of Concrete Mixes, Ankara: Turk. Stand. Inst., 2009.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    TS EN12390-4. Testing Hardened Concrete—Part 4: Compressive Strength-Specification for Testing Machines, Ankara: Turk. Stand. Inst., 2002.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    TS EN12504-4. Testing Concrete—Part 4: Determination of Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity, Ankara: Turk. Stand. Inst., 2012.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bungey, J.H, The validity of ultrasonic pulse velocity testing of in-place concrete for strength, NDT Int., 1980, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 296–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bungey, J.H. and Madandoust, R, Evaluation of nondestructive strength testing of lightweight concrete, P. I. Civil Eng.-Str. B, 1994, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 275–283.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Jones, R., Non-Destructive Testing of Concrete, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Trtnik, G., Kavcic, F., and Turk, G, Prediction of concrete strength using ultrasonic pulse velocity and artificial neural networks, Ultrason., 2009, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 53–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ulucan, Z.C., Tü rk, K. and Karatas, M, Effect of mineral admixtures on the correlation between ultrasonic velocity and compressive strength for self-compacting concrete, Russ. J. Nondestr. Testing, 2008, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 367–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hakan Güneyli
    • 1
  • Süleyman Karahan
    • 1
  • Aslιhan Güneyli
    • 1
  • Nil Yapιcι
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureÇukurova UniversityBalcalι, AdanaTürkiye

Personalised recommendations