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Topological creation of a multiply charged quantized vortex in the Rb Bose-Einstein condensate

Abstract

A quadruply-charged quantized vortex has been created successfully in the 87Rb Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC). The condensate was confined in a cloverleaf magnetic trap, and the vortex was formed by the reversal of the axial magnetic field. The vortex could be observed only in a holding time of about 1 ms, which was much shorter than that reported in the Na BEC, and the vortex position was also unstable in the BEC. To overcome these experimental difficulties, we took the following two measures and improved the vortex formation: (i) axial confinement with a FORT, which prevents the BEC from axial expansion after the field reversal, and (ii) compensation of gravity with a blue-detuned laser beam, which removes the gravitational sag.

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Original Text © Astro, Ltd., 2006.

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Kumakura, M., Hirotani, T., Okano, M. et al. Topological creation of a multiply charged quantized vortex in the Rb Bose-Einstein condensate. Laser Phys. 16, 371–375 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1054660X06020290

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1054660X06020290

Keywords

  • Magnetic Field
  • Vortex
  • Laser Beam
  • Vortex Formation
  • 87Rb