Doklady Physics

, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 76–81 | Cite as

Nonequilibrium Radiation Aerothermodynamics of the Command Modulus of Apollo 4 at Altitudes above 75 km

  • S. T. Surzhikov


The problem of the radiation gas dynamics of super-orbital entry into dense layers of the Earth’s atmosphere of the command module of Apollo 4 is solved numerically in the two-dimensional formulation of the flow around an aerodynamic frontal shield at the velocity V∞= 10.7 km/s in the altitude range H = 91.5‒76.2 km. The density distributions of the spectral and integral radiation heat fluxes on the surface flowed around are obtained. The considerable role of atomic spectral lines in the radiation heating of the surface is shown. The results of calculations are compared with the flight experimental data and the calculated data of other authors.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ishlinskii Institute for Problems in MechanicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Dukhov All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA)MoscowRussia

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