New Data on Diamond–Graphite Relationships in the Gneisses of the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan)

Abstract

The results of studying an aggregate of graphite-and-diamond crystal in tourmaline 5 μm of the Kokchetav massif by the method of transmission electron microscopy are presented. The detail studies of the interface between the crystals of graphite and diamond have revealed the absence of disordered graphite that is detail partially graphitized diamond. Intense deformation changes in the graphite crystal occurred after it was captured by tourmaline at the regression stage, which led to considerable kinking of the graphite crystal along the a-axis. Thus, the coexistence of graphite and diamond crystals cannot be unambiguously interpreted as a product of partial diamond graphitization. Graphite could have crystallized syngenetic with a diamond crystal or at the retrograde stage in the graphite stability field.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    H. P. Schertl and N. V. Sobolev, J. Asian Earth Sci. 63, 5–38 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    A. P. Bobrievich, G. I. Smirnov, and V. S. Sobolev, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 126 (3), 637–640 (1959).

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    D. N. Robinson, in The Mantle Sample: Inclusion in Kimberlites and Other Volcanics (Am. Geophys. Union, Washington, DC, 1979), pp. 50–58.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    K. De Corte, A. Korsakov, W. R. Taylor, P. Cartigny, M. Ader, P. De Paepe, Isl. Arc 9 (3), 428–438 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    A. V. Korsakov, E. I. Zhimulev, D. S. Mikhailenko, S. P. Demin, O. A. Kozmenko, Lithos 236, 16–26 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    D. V. Nechaev and A. F. Khokhryakov, Geol. Geofiz. 54 (4), 523–532 (2013).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    B. Willems, K. De Corte, and G. Van Tendeloo, Phys. Status Solidi A 201 (11), 2486–2491 (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Y. N. Palyanov and A. G. Sokol, Lithos 112, 690–700 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    A. V. Korsakov, M. Perraki, D. A. Zedgenizov, L. Bindi, P. Vandenabeele, A. Suzuki, and H. Kagi, J. Petrol. 51 (3), 763–783(2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    D. S. Mikhailenko, A. V. Korsakov, P. S. Zelenovskiy, and A. V. Golovin, Am. Mineral. 101 (10), 2155–2167 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    N. V. Sobolev and V. S. Shatsky, Nature 343 (6260), 742–746 (1990).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    V. S. Shatsky, N. V. Sobolev, and M. A. Vavilov, Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1995), pp. 427–455.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    M. L. Frezzotti, J. M. Huizenga, R. Compagnoni, J. Selverstone, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 143, 68–86 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    J. Xu, Y. Kuang, B. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Fan, X. Li, and H. Xie, Phys. Chem. Miner. 43 (5), 315–326 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    S. Lowitzer, B. Winkler, and M. Tucker, Phys. Rev. B 73 (21), 214115 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to D. S. Mikhailenko.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © D.S. Mikhailenko, O.V. Shchepetova, K.A. Musiyachenko, A.V. Korsakov, Hiroaki Ohfuji, I.V. Pekov, 2018, published in Doklady Akademii Nauk, 2018, Vol. 480, No. 6, pp. 713–716.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mikhailenko, D.S., Shchepetova, O.V., Musiyachenko, K.A. et al. New Data on Diamond–Graphite Relationships in the Gneisses of the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). Dokl. Earth Sc. 480, 814–817 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1028334X18060272

Download citation