The link between smoke blanketing of European Russia in summer 2016, Siberian wildfires and anomalies of large-scale atmospheric circulation
Analysis of smoke blanketing of European Russia (ER) in summer 2016 is presented. The results of the analysis indicate that the cause of the smoky atmosphere over ER was long-range transport of smoke from wildfires in Siberia. The aerosol optical thickness at a wavelength of 550 nm over ER in late July reached 3. The features of circulation in the troposphere over northern Eurasia in July 2016, with an anomalous east transfer of combustion products in the troposphere over thousands of kilometers, which is opposite to the westerly transfer prevailing in the mid-latitudes, are discussed. A comparison of variations in the probability distribution functions of the aerosol optical thickness is performed for ER and Siberia for the summer periods in different years with massive wildfires.
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