Impact of wildfire in Russia between 1998–2010 on ecosystems and the global carbon budget

Abstract

Verified estimates of wildfire area and related carbon emissions in territories of Russia are reported for the period of 1998–2010. It is shown that the average burnt area is estimated to be at 8.23 million hectares per year (uncertainty ±9.0%, confidence interval 0.9), and carbon emissions—121 Tg C yr−1 (±23%), with a significant interannual variability of these indicators. A quantitative characteristic of fire emissions by species is reported. Forests are a source of three quarters of all carbon emissions caused by wildfires. A significant acceleration of fire regimes is expected during the 21st century as a result of climate change in the country.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    L. V. Buryak, A. I. Sukhinin, and S. A. Moskal’chenko, Lesovedenie, No. 5, 17–23 (2009) [in Russian].

  2. 2.

    A. V. Vivchar, K. B. Moiseenko, and N. V. Pankratova, Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics 46(3), 307–320 (2010) [in Russian].

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    M. D. Evdokimenko, IVUZ Lesnoy Zhurnal, No. 4, 12–18 (2009) [in Russian].

  4. 4.

    Roshydromet RF, Report on Climate Particularities in Russian Federation in 2010 (Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, Moscow, 2011) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    RosStat RF, “Regions of Russia,” in Socio-Economic Indicators in 2010. Statistical Handbook (Federal State Statistics Service, Moscow, 2010) [in Russin].

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    A. V. Rubtsov, A. I. Sukhinin, and E. A. Vaganov, Journal of Siberian Federal University Biology, No. 1, 30–39 (2010) [in Russian].

  7. 7.

    M. O. Andreae and P. Merlet, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, No. 15, 955–966 (2001).

  8. 8.

    D. F. Efremov and A. Z. Shvidenko, International Forest Fire News, No. 32, 43–49 (2004).

  9. 9.

    M. Flannigan, B. Stocks, M. Turetsky, et al., Global Change Biology, No. 15, 549–560 (2009).

  10. 10.

    A. Lapenis, A. Shvidenko, D. Shepaschenko, et al., Global Change Biology, No. 11, 2090–2102 (2005).

  11. 11.

    D. Schepaschenko, I. McCallum, A. Shvidenko, et al., Journal of Land Use Science. Published online 22 December 2010).

  12. 12.

    W. Seiler and P. J. Crutzen, Climatic Change, No. 2, 207–247 (1980).

  13. 13.

    A. Shvidenko, D. Schepaschenko, I. McCallum, et al., Climatic Change 103, 137–157 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    A. J. Soja, W. R. Cofer, H. H. Shugart, et al., Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres 109, D14S06 (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    G. R. Van Der Werf, J. T. Randerson, L. Giglio, et al., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, 11707–11735 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. Z. Shvidenko.

Additional information

Published in Russian in Doklady Akademii Nauk, 2011, Vol. 441, No. 4, pp. 544–548.

This article was translated by the authors.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shvidenko, A.Z., Shchepashchenko, D.G., Vaganov, E.A. et al. Impact of wildfire in Russia between 1998–2010 on ecosystems and the global carbon budget. Dokl. Earth Sc. 441, 1678–1682 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1028334X11120075

Download citation

Keywords

  • Carbon Emission
  • DOKLADY Earth Science
  • Burnt Area
  • Fire Regime
  • Palmer Drought Severity Index