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Effect of Shape and Sizes of Crystal Particles on Angular Distributions of Transmitted Solar Radiation in Two Sensing Geometries: Results of Numerical Simulation


The results of statistical simulation of intensity of transmitted solar radiation in the presence of optically thin cirrus clouds for two sensing geometries: in solar almucantar and hybrid scan (AERONET photometric network) are considered. Numerical experiments were performed using ice crystal cloud models: OPAC (hexagonal particles with a smooth surface) and a model proposed by Baum et al. (а mixture of particles with different shapes, hexagonal columns and aggregates of hexagonal columns with a very rough surface). The effects of shape and size of ice crystals on the angular distributions of downward radiation in the wavelength channels of 440 and 870 nm are estimated for background atmospheric situations observed in Tomsk in the summer period.

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In this work, measurements performed at Tomsk and Tomsk-22 AERONET sites have been used; the author thanks B. Holben, M. V. Panchenko, and S. M. Sakerin for organizing and carrying out these observations. The author also thanks organizers of websites bbaum/Ice_Models/index.html and http://aeronet.gsfc. for compiling the information and providing the possibility of its free use. The content of the work was discussed with A. Smirnov (GSFC/NASA), whose valuable advice and recommendations are sincerely acknowledged.


A modification of the statistical simulation algorithm of solar radiative transfer in ice crystal clouds and preparation of input parameters were performed within the State Assignment of the Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; numerical experiments and analysis of results were supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant no. 19-01-00351).

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Correspondence to T. B. Zhuravleva.

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Translated by O. Bazhenov

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Zhuravleva, T.B. Effect of Shape and Sizes of Crystal Particles on Angular Distributions of Transmitted Solar Radiation in Two Sensing Geometries: Results of Numerical Simulation. Atmos Ocean Opt 34, 50–60 (2021).

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  • Monte Carlo method
  • models of ice crystal clouds
  • angular distributions of downward solar radiation