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Estimates of Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions for Moscow and St. Petersburg Based on OCO-2 Satellite Measurements


CO2 anthropogenic emissions are estimated for St. Petersburg and Moscow megacities based on OCO-2 satellite CO2 measurements. The CO2 emission rates for St. Petersburg amount to 80 and 74 t/km2 per day on March 1, 2016, and May 12, 2018, respectively. The CO2 emission rate for Moscow is estimated as 123, 179, and 186 t/km2 per day for August 25, 2018, June 22, 2018, and March 26, 2017, respectively. The comparison of our results with the estimates for other megacities has shown the emission estimates for St. Petersburg to be close to those for Los Angeles and Berlin, and estimates for Moscow to be close to those for London. The estimation errors are mainly caused by the anthropogenic contribution, which varies from 30 to ~90%.

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Correspondence to Ya. A. Virolainen.

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Timofeev, Y.M., Berezin, I.A., Virolainen, Y.A. et al. Estimates of Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions for Moscow and St. Petersburg Based on OCO-2 Satellite Measurements. Atmos Ocean Opt 33, 656–660 (2020).

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  • satellite measurements
  • carbon dioxide
  • estimation of anthropogenic emissions
  • OCO-2 satellite
  • box model
  • CO2 temporal variations